Dentists strongly recommend that they be examined every six months, but many women neglect this recommendation. When planning a pregnancy, a visit to the dentist is a mandatory procedure: diseases of the teeth or gums that are not cured in time can lead to inflammatory processes in the body, and this may adversely affect pregnancy.
If the “interesting situation” was a pleasant surprise for you, visit your dentist as soon as possible.
There is an opinion that during pregnancy, the state of the teeth will definitely deteriorate, since the expectant mother may have calcium deficiency, because the female body gives its “gold reserve” to the baby for the formation of its bone apparatus. But today in medicine there is a point of view that pregnancy does not affect the content of calcium in the teeth of the future mother – they are saturated with it in childhood and for life.
As for the gums, the risk of inflammation increases during pregnancy. In the female body there is a natural hormonal alteration, which affects the blood circulation and, consequently, the blood supply to the gums – it can worsen. Moreover, if the future mother has toxicosis, she loses her appetite for a while and gets less vitamins and minerals, the risk of inflammation increases.
But in general, experts are unanimous: the causes of problems with the teeth and gums during pregnancy are inflammatory processes that arose before conception and were ignored.
There is a list of mandatory dental interventions that are recommended when planning pregnancy and during it.
Treatment of caries (during pregnancy, even the smallest “hole” can increase and lead to a serious inflammatory process).
Removal of plaque and tartar (dental plaque – habitat and reproduction of microbes that can provoke caries and inflammation of the oral cavity, and then the whole body).
Checking the condition of old fillings (inflammatory processes may develop under the obsolete poor-quality fillings).
Prevention and treatment of gum disease (especially if you have chronic problems).
If you need tooth extraction, it is better to do it before conception: after dental surgery, antibiotics may be prescribed, and this can harm the baby.
Many women, and future mothers in particular, are pathologically afraid of visits to the dentist. If a woman is not yet pregnant, pain scares her.
During pregnancy, there is also concern about the effect of painkillers and medicinal products on the baby, radiation during X-ray examination.
All these fears are unfounded. First, the dental industry does not stand still: anesthetics and medical preparations that have not been a danger to the health of a child have been invented and successfully used for a long time; they do not overcome the placental barrier and do not enter his bloodstream.
Secondly, in the equipped clinics they use modern diagnostic equipment that is absolutely safe for mother and baby. Images of teeth are now taken with a radioviziograf, rather than x-rays.
But even if there is only X-ray in your clinic, ask about its technical characteristics: it is considered that pregnant women can be x-rayed on the device with radiation up to 1 PAGE (the amount of absorbed radiation), and for an X-ray of a person, the effective radiation dose is 0.6 mSv (millisievert), which is equivalent to , 06 RAD. The belly of the future mother is closed with a lead apron, which minimizes the effect of X-rays on the baby.
Choosing a dentist is an important task for the future mother. Not only her own calmness, but also the health of the child depends on the professionalism of the specialist.
If you have a dentist whom you unconditionally trust, that’s fine. Tell him you are waiting for the baby.
If there is no family doctor, you should contact the perinatal center or a specialized dental clinic for expectant mothers. Such specialists are in many medical centers specializing in pregnancy management. In case you need a visit to the district clinic to an unfamiliar specialist you should:
1) pre-consult with your obstetrician-gynecologist, whether dental treatment is possible on your gestational age;
2) ask the obstetrician-gynecologist to compile a list of analgesics and anesthetics that are authorized for you, as well as antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs;
3) to clarify in the proposed dental clinic whether they have the recommended drugs, and if not, purchase them independently;
4) at the reception at the dentist must inform him of the period of pregnancy.