Each pregnancy is unique, and obstetricians know firsthand that not all situations are described in textbooks. How events will develop depends on many reasons: for example, the heredity of a woman, her chronic diseases, the state of the hormonal system, immunity, physique, and even mood.
Together, all these factors are called the individual characteristics of the organism; it is they who distinguish people from each other. During pregnancy, each of these conditions may be decisive.
So personal characteristics can sometimes develop into certain problems (or, as doctors say, pathologies).
Experts do not knowingly advise women “in position” to find out from their mothers and grandmothers how they were pregnant and giving birth. After all, many features of the expectant mother can be inherited from their older relatives: for example, a predisposition to toxicosis, weakness of the cervix (cervical insufficiency), fast or prolonged labor.
By the way, it is worthwhile to arrange a “heart-to-heart conversation” with the mother-in-law — for example, if your husband’s family often had large children, it is likely that you will become the mummy’s mom, even if you were all miniature in your family.
A slim young lady, a plump beauty “in the juice” or a lucky woman with perfect proportions – each of these women will develop a pregnancy according to a special scenario, which depends largely on the type of constitution (or, as is often said, the constitution). The three main types of physique doctors call asthenic, hypersthenic and normostenic.
Representatives of the first type can boast that they are not fattening, no matter how much they eat; their bones are thin, and their muscle volume is small. Such women often have anemia and low blood pressure, and because of this they may be bothered by dizziness, weakness, fainting during pregnancy, and it can be difficult for them to gain the necessary weight.
Hypersthenic women have magnificent forms, wide bone, and adipose tissue more than muscular. During pregnancy, they quickly gain excess weight, and because of their tendency to increased pressure, they are more likely to experience preeclampsia.
Despite large volumes outside, the internal capacity of the pelvis in the “pyshechek” is often small, and labor must be performed using a caesarean section.
Doctors usually speak the least about the representatives of the “golden mean” – a normostenic physique. After all, these are the very lucky ones who do not complain about either extra centimeters or lack of muscle mass and remain in good shape even during pregnancy and after childbirth.
In theory, doctors determine what the norm is based on which indicators are most often observed among people of the same sex, age, and race in the same territory at the same time. However, in practice, it is impossible to fit all people “in one size”, which means that standard options (or individual characteristics) are permissible.
To distinguish them from signs of the disease is the task of the doctor.
The individual characteristics of the organism are all that distinguishes every future mother: from heredity and immune status to body type and chronic diseases.
Whether a pregnancy will come and how it will develop is largely determined by the work of the invisible “controllers” of the body – hormones that are produced by the thyroid gland, pituitary, adrenal glands, ovaries and other organs.
An important sign by which a woman can evaluate the performance of her hormonal system is the menstrual cycle. It reflects both the individual characteristics of a woman and her health in general.
It is no coincidence that the first conversation of a woman with a gynecologist, who will lead her pregnancy, always begins with the question of how her “critical” periods passed.
From the point of view of obstetricians, model standards of 90 x 60 x 90 with height of 170 cm are not a role model.
If a woman is preparing to become a mother, with such growth she does not interfere with the extra 10 cm in the thighs, because with a narrow pelvis labor can take place with difficulties. In general, the obstetric “ideal” is tall women, because the higher the mother, the larger her pelvis and the easier it will be for the baby (especially the larger one) to pass through it during childbirth.
- Too short (less than 24 days), long (longer than 30 days) or “jumping” cycle;
- painful menstruation;
- too scarce or abundant, short-term (2–3 days) or prolonged (more than 7 days) discharge during menstruation.
Of course, these situations are not necessarily a disease. For example, if all women in your family had a long cycle, but this did not prevent them from having problems giving birth to healthy children, most likely, and you should not be alarmed in such a situation.
But to get rid of doubts, it is worth visiting a gynecologist and undergo an examination.
If it turns out that the natural situation for you hides violations of the hormonal system, in the future this may affect the ability to conceive, and the preservation of pregnancy, and the proper development of the child. For example, the most common cause of a cycle disorder today is an excess of male sex hormones, androgens, in 77.8% of women who become ill, leads to infertility and abortion.
A lack of iodine, which is part of the thyroid hormones, can seriously affect the development of the unborn child.
The safe birth of a baby depends on the “personal baggage” with which his mother enters into pregnancy. Waiting for a child many times increases the load on the body, and it will be especially difficult for him to adapt to it, if a woman also has some chronic diseases.
In addition, it is not always possible to predict what kind of problems (even frivolous at first glance) can cause difficulties for the future mother. For example, the frequent sore throat, to which many do not pay attention, sometimes hides chronic inflammation of the tonsils – tonsillitis.
In addition to the fact that this infection can worsen at any moment (and then the expectant mother will need antibiotic treatment), she is able to migrate through the body and get to the child.
Another example is spinal curvature (scoliosis), which is inherent in almost every urban woman. During pregnancy, due to the increasing load on the spine, even a slight curvature can lead to back pain.
In this case, the future mother will need to constantly wear a bandage starting from the 24th week, and not only an obstetrician-gynecologist, but also a neurologist will be watching her.
Doctors know how much during pregnancy and childbirth depends on the psychological state of the future mother and her mood. True, just as in the case of physical health, it is impossible to predict what feelings a pregnancy will bring to a woman.
Waiting for a baby can turn a resolute business woman into a timid sufferer, and an extreme lover into an agreeable homebody.
Moreover, the same woman may perceive a pregnancy differently, nursing an older and younger child. Sometimes even experienced mothers, waiting for their “youngest” after a long break, constantly worry and listen intensely to themselves.
To cope with anxiety, there is only one way out – to find a good specialist you can trust. Even if the excitement is justified, an experienced doctor will be able to support and reassure you.
And your peace of mind is half the success, because the main thing is to believe in yourself and set yourself up for the best.