Any pet always turns into a full member of the family. He solicits tender hugs, kisses and claims a good half of the master’s pillow.
However, such a touching relationship is fraught with zoonoses – diseases transmitted to humans from animals. To protect yourself and the baby from trouble, the expectant mother should take a closer look at our younger brothers.
If there is a cat at home, scratches become common. In most cases, they heal quickly, but there is a cat scratch disease – felinoz. It manifests itself very rarely, and usually all the trouble happens because of the playful kittens.
Adult cats are practically not contagious, and even less likely to respond to flirting with them.
Symptoms: in places of scratches and bites (most often on the hands) there are pustules, body temperature rises, the submandibular, cervical and axillary lymph nodes may be inflamed.
Treatment: the diagnosis can only be made by a doctor. Sometimes for this, a lymph node biopsy is taken and the contents of the pustules are examined. Symptomatic treatment is prescribed.
In severe cases, antibiotics may be prescribed, which are allowed during pregnancy.
Almost all expectant mothers have heard about toxoplasmosis. In humans and animals, it is caused by the same parasite – Toxoplasma, the simplest class microorganism. And they can be infected not only from cats, but also from humans, from rabbits, dogs, birds and arthropods.
Sputum, saliva, vomit, urine, faeces of infected people and animals, as well as infected animal products that have not undergone heat treatment (unboiled fresh milk, poorly roasted or raw fish and meat) are dangerous. Contrary to popular belief, a person most often acquires toxoplasmosis not from domestic animals, but through food.
For example, some women have a habit of tasting raw minced meat to determine whether it has enough salt, and some of them buy fresh milk on the market and drink it unboiled. Cases are known when an infection was transmitted from pets by airborne droplets, for example, by inhalation of fecal fumes while cleaning the cat tray.
The disease can be transmitted from the mother to the baby through the placenta, and this is the most unpleasant.
Symptoms: resemble the common cold. Infection is accompanied by increased body temperature, general weakness, decreased performance, enlarged lymph nodes, and sometimes headaches, in rare cases, vomiting. If you do not start treatment in time, the nervous system, lymph nodes, eyes and heart are hit.
And although it is easy to get rid of toxoplasmosis, the main problem is that the suspicions of doctors fall to him far from immediately.
Treatment: is required only for acute, with manifested clinical symptoms of the form of the disease. Usually in such cases antibacterial agents are prescribed. Moreover, with proper prescription of drugs for the mother, the infection is not dangerous, but it can harm the unborn baby.
Much depends on the duration of pregnancy: the more it is, the less risk. In the early stages, toxoplasmosis can lead to spontaneous abortion, in the first trimester or the beginning of the second – to the formation of congenital malformations in the baby, in the third – to premature birth.
However, not everything is so scary. Given the danger of infection for the unborn child, doctors carefully monitor it.
Moreover, tests for toxoplasmosis are required. During pregnancy, they are made at least twice: the first time they go to a maternity clinic and at the 30th week of the term.
If the result shows that the woman has never met with this infection, she will be advised to check the pet and triple the vigilance in everyday life. Toxoplasmosis infected animal should be isolated and treated. If it turns out that the expectant mother has already had the infection before conception, it means that there are life-saving antibodies in her body, which, if necessary, will protect the baby.
When infection occurs for the first time during pregnancy, you should contact an infectious diseases specialist. It is only necessary to draw conclusions and make concrete decisions after consulting a professional.
The infectious diseases doctor will explain that the level of antibodies to toxoplasmosis in the blood and how the disease itself is of fundamental importance. In each case requires a purely individual approach.
A cute domestic parrot can reward its owner with such an acute infectious disease as ornithosis. The causative agent of the disease, the chlamydia bacterium, affects the lungs. Theoretically, canaries can be carriers of this microorganism, but parrots and other domestic and wild birds are dangerous for humans.
The infection is transmitted by airborne droplets. That is, it is enough to change the feed or clean the sick pet’s feeder. Although the infection does not penetrate from the mother to the baby through the placental barrier, in early pregnancy a severe form of the disease can lead to miscarriage.
Ornithosis also often results in pneumonia, against the background of which severe intoxication can begin (poisoning of the blood with toxins, toxic products of harmful microorganisms). This threatens baby hypoxia (lack of oxygen).
Symptoms: the first two days are marked malaise, nausea, pain in the joints. Then the chill begins, the body temperature rises, an ache appears in the whole body, a strong cough begins. Since ornithosis usually leads to pneumonia in the final stage, it is difficult to make a correct diagnosis.
But an experienced infectious disease specialist is sure to ask leading questions. For example, he wondered if a woman picked up a wounded bird, didn’t a pigeon fly into the balcony, which she then picked up.
Next is the case of technology: the doctor makes an accurate diagnosis of blood or sputum.
Treatment: antibacterial therapy helps to cope with the disease. Specific drugs are prescribed, of course, by a specialist.
If there is a dog at home, there is a risk of contracting worms or worms from it. However, they are found in all animals.
Pets are infected by them through raw meat, fish, flies, rodents. Just from dogs that love to rummage through the mud, and from cats that hunt flies and mice, helminths are transmitted to humans more often.
But there is another, more likely way of infection – the use of dishes from raw meat and fish.
During pregnancy, helminth infections are dangerous for the future baby, especially by the high intoxication of the mother’s body. Like harmful bacteria, worms produce toxins. They get into the blood of a woman, and from it – the child.
High intoxication is fraught with hypoxia.
Symptoms: weight loss, allergic reactions, causeless fever, slight pain around the navel.
Treatment: since anthelmintic drugs give a greater load to the liver, their prescription should be approached with caution, especially during pregnancy. Therefore, consultation of the doctor in this case is obligatory!
If the fears are confirmed, the doctor will select the safest drug and adjust its optimal dose.
During the first year of a pet’s life, it is necessary to show the vet three to four times, an adult animal – twice a year. Even if your pet never leaves the walls of the house, you must strictly follow the calendar of veterinary vaccinations.
- Follow the rules of personal hygiene: after each contact with the pet, wash your hands with soap, do not sleep with him in the same bed, do not kiss him. Birds do not feed from the mouth.
- Do not allow a pet to drink running water. If possible, do not feed it with raw fish, meat and especially tripe (pathogens of many infections settle in the kidneys, liver and lungs).
- During pregnancy, do not eat raw eggs, undercooked or undercooked meat and fish, do not drink fresh milk. Thoroughly rinse cereals, because they are interested in rodents.
- Bypass ducks and do not feed the pigeons, so as not to become infected with ornithosis.
Watch out for the well-being of your pet. At the slightest suspicion of trouble, contact your veterinarian and strictly follow his recommendations.