POSSIBLE CAUSE: A child is teething. This will indicate whitened, swollen gums, swelling or bump in the area of the front incisors.
At the same time, the baby may be drooling, it will pull everything into the mouth with renewed vigor. Often, children in this period become restless, sleep less, but their appetite and general well-being do not suffer. Do not be alarmed if a speeded up liquid stool, a small rhinitis or a cough will be added to the above phenomena.
As a rule, such problems last only a few days.
WHAT TO DO? At temperatures above 38.5 ° C, give your child antipyretic based on paracetamol or ibuprofen.
Massage the gums with a clean finger and smear them with anesthetic gel for the first teeth. Have the child gnaw a chilled soother in the fridge, a teether, or just a piece of carrot.
If these measures will help the baby calm down, then dairy pearls are really close.
NEED A DOCTOR IF:
- The baby also has other symptoms: weakness, severe runny nose or cough, rash on the body, vomiting, watery or frequent (more than 5 times a day) stool.
- The temperature (even low, up to 38 ° C) lasts longer than 3 days, rises above 39 ° C or, after normalization, rises again after a couple of days. All this may indicate the development of a viral or bacterial infection.
IMPORTANT! If the temperature suddenly jumps above 38 ° C in a child who is not yet 3 months old, call a doctor immediately!
In the first months of life, the infection can develop rapidly.
POSSIBLE CAUSE: Natural sexual crisis. It is caused by an imbalance of the estrogen hormones that the baby receives from the mother’s body.
In this case, girls may appear bloody or mucous discharge from the vagina, and sometimes swelling of the mammary glands or yellowish discharge from the nipples. Most often, a hormonal surge occurs in the first week of life, but can occur during the first month.
WHAT TO DO? Nothing special.
As a rule, vaginal discharge stops by itself within 3-4 days. Purge the girl, as usual, after each large toilet with baby soap in the direction from front to back and often leave to “air out” without a diaper.
NEED A DOCTOR IF:
- Discharges last longer than 5 days or occur over the age of 1.5 months. This may indicate a more serious hormonal failure.
- The discharge is purulent, greenish in color or a sharp, unpleasant odor, and the genitals turn red. Such signs indicate inflammation.
POSSIBLE CAUSE: Febrile seizures. They occur only against the background of an elevated temperature in about 5% of children from 6 months to 3 (less often 5) years due to failures in the central nervous system. In this case, the baby throws back his head, rolls his eyes, twitches with his hands and feet, holds his breath.
Due to the dramatic relaxation of all muscles, urine or feces may inadvertently stand out. As a rule, attacks pass in a few minutes, less often delayed up to a quarter of an hour.
They do not require special treatment and pass with age.
WHAT TO DO? Lay the child on a flat hard surface on its side, with his chin down to prevent saliva or vomit from getting into the airways.
Ensure that there are no objects around which the baby may be injured. Until the attack is over, do not try to put something in the baby’s mouth, water it or hold it in your arms.
When the cramps end, give the baby antipyretic.
NEED A DOCTOR IF:
- Convulsions occurred for the first time in a child over 5 years old or appeared without fever. This may be a sign of epilepsy.
- Muscle contractions lasted longer than 5 minutes, or during a seizure, the baby had a brief respiratory arrest. Call an ambulance for the doctor to examine the child.
IMPORTANT! Even if the seizures did not last long, after the attack, be sure to call the pediatrician (he will tell you how to prevent them in the future).
When the baby is well, visit the neurologist and go through the examination to rule out epilepsy.
POSSIBLE CAUSE: Tremor of newborns. Minor jerking of the hands, feet, or chin is associated with immaturity and increased excitability of the nervous system.
Most often, such phenomena occur in the first month of life and pass by themselves within 3 months. Tremor is usually observed at the time of nervous tension (when frightened, crying) in children who have had difficulty before birth or during birth (for example, intrauterine infection or lack of oxygen).
WHAT TO DO? Special treatment is not required.
A simple test means – massage, gymnastics and long walks will help strengthen the nervous system of the child and heal the entire body.
NEED A DOCTOR IF:
- Trembling is very strong, exciting not only the hand, but also the head, legs.
- Tremor lasts longer than 4 months.
- Trembling occurs without reason, even in moments of calm.
IMPORTANT! All of this may indicate more serious neurological damage, such as encephalopathy.
Such symptoms can also occur if there is a shortage of any substance (for example, calcium or magnesium), so the baby will need at least an ultrasound of the brain and a blood and urine test.
POSSIBLE CAUSE: Vaccine reaction. The body of the child can react to the introduction of any vaccine – this means that the immune system has launched the production of antibodies against the infection.
The reaction may be fever, lethargy or irritability, sleep or appetite disturbance, upset stool, nausea, pain in the abdomen or joints. Fortunately, these symptoms do not occur simultaneously, and often the case is limited only to the appearance of redness, compaction or rash at the injection site.
The DPT vaccine causes a particularly strong skin reaction: the spot at the injection site can reach 8 cm in diameter. Moreover, the reaction to re-vaccination may be more pronounced than on the same vaccine for the first time.
WHAT TO DO? Do not panic – usually the “consequences” of vaccination pass by themselves in 2-3 days.
If the baby is bothered by pain and heat, give him paracetamol or ibuprofen. When rashes can be applied antihistamine ointment.
NEED A DOCTOR IF:
- Fever, impairment of well-being, or a rash last more than 3 days in a child.
- At least one of the signs of complications appeared: temperature is above 39.5 ° C, severe weakness, difficulty breathing or swallowing, swelling and redness of the face or neck.
IMPORTANT! The most acute post-vaccination complication – anaphylactic shock – occurs within half an hour after vaccination.
At this time, it is better to stay near the clinic.
POSSIBLE CAUSE: Physiological strabismus. The eye muscles of a newborn baby are weak, and control over them by the brain is not yet established, as a result of which the eyeballs can move inconsistently.
This situation is considered to be absolutely normal for children up to 3 months, but sometimes it can take up to six months.
WHAT TO DO? Often change the position of toys, for which the baby is watching (for example, on a bedside mobile), so that your eyes do not have to mow in the same direction.
NEED A DOCTOR IF:
- Cross-eye lasts longer than 6 months. In this case, the correction is better to start as soon as possible so that the increased load does not fall on the healthy eye.
POSSIBLE REASON. Lymphadenopathy on the background of the formation of immunity. An increase and inflammation of the lymph nodes usually occurs when some kind of infection or its traces circulates in the lymph flow.
But in infants up to 5 years old, the lymph nodes may increase slightly with full health, if the immune system, while getting acquainted with new microbes, begins to actively develop in response, protective cells – lymphocytes. Most often in children lymph nodes in the neck, less often – inguinal and axillary.
WHAT TO DO? Examine the baby, feel the area under the knees, above and below the collarbone, in the elbows.
Observe the well-being of the child; Do not attempt to warm the lymph nodes with warm compresses without a doctor’s prescription.
NEED A DOCTOR IF
- The lymph nodes feel like a pea more than 1 cm in diameter.
- Touching the lymph node area causes pain in the baby – this indicates inflammation.
- The kid recently had any infection (in this case there is a risk that it is not treated).
IMPORTANT! Swollen lymph nodes can be a symptom of a variety of problems, so the child will definitely need a comprehensive examination, from an expanded blood test to an ultrasound of the abdominal organs.
If the baby has at least one of the listed phenomena, immediately call the doctor.
- The muscles on the nape of the child have become strained, firm to the touch. If the child has a fever or an unusual rash, it may indicate meningitis – inflammation of the meninges.
- The baby has dry tongue, lips, eyes sink. These are signs of dehydration that occur during vomiting, diarrhea, or high fever. Immediately begin to feed the baby with a water-saline solution such as “Regidron” (Orion).
- Unpleasant smell from the baby. If the urine, feces, breath, or sweat of the child began to emit an unusually sharp odor, carefully monitor his health and do not overstay a visit to the doctor. This can be a sign of metabolic disorders, infection or poisoning.