In order for a child to get a basic knowledge of musical theory, learn to play the instrument and love Mozart and Chopin, it is not necessary to lead him to a music school. Nowadays, there is an alternative to classical music education. In kindergartens and primary schools you can get a primary musical education in the system of the German teacher Carl Orff.
Of course, each method has its advantages.
The advantages of studying in a classical music school are obvious: the child gains extensive knowledge, he not only learns to play the main musical instrument, but also gets acquainted with the works of classical musical art, sings in the choir, plays in the ensemble, masters an additional musical instrument. In addition, these activities increase his emotional and intellectual level.
The pupil of the music school will not confuse the Russian composer with the French, and Tchaikovsky and Beethoven.
It has long been observed that classes in the music school help to master foreign languages, especially those of them where phonetics plays a big role. For example, Chinese or Vietnamese. To catch, as is customary in these languages, the slightest shades of intonation, from which the meaning of a word changes, is much easier for a person with a musical ear than any other.
In addition, studying at a music school makes children organized and collected. They are able to plan and manage their time, and this will always be useful in the future.
Another very useful quality that is instilled in a classical music school is the habit of competition. Each exam is a concert in front of the audience, when there are always a lot of good musicians on the stage.
To deserve a good mark and stormy applause, we must try.
Sometimes these obvious advantages overshadow the “little things” that remain behind the scenes. According to statistics, only 1% of music school graduates continue their professional careers. And the majority of children are pupils with ordinary abilities, but no one makes concessions to them.
The Russian music school is a stage of primary vocational education, so teachers put very high demands on students. After graduation, knowledge should be sufficient for admission to the music school.
This means that the child will have to spend 4–5 hours every day at school, and in his spare time, he will have to do homework. Double load falls not only on the child, but also on the mother.
Check all homework, meet from school and spend on evening classes and, most importantly, explain that it is all more important than TV, football or regular walks with friends. If the explanations do not help and the child does everything just because mom wants it, after finishing music school, he, as a rule, no longer fits his instrument.
Music education in the Karl Orff system is for those children and parents who do not aspire to a professional career, but want to get a primary music education in a somewhat lightweight version. The main result, which teachers want to achieve in the first and second grades, can be stated simply: the child must love music.
And to learn to play the piano or guitar is secondary. Kids in the kindergarten group literally from the first day of study master the musical instruments of Carl Orff.
They have the same name as usual: xylophones, metallophones, etc., but they differ significantly from them. Karl Orff adapted his tools specifically for children. For example, on his xylophone, the box on which the keys are located is more voluminous, it serves as a resonator, and due to this the instrument sounds deeper and longer.
This gives it an amazing feature: the sound of the xylophone does not drown out the voice of the performer. While playing, the child hears himself.
Another highlight of the Orff xylophone is its removable keys. You can leave only those that you need to master the child at the moment. You can play Orff instruments with a two-year-old baby – there are small xylophones and metallophones specially for this age.
Children gradually master musical theory, from the first day playing in a kind of orchestra. Not only Orff’s instruments are used, but also a whole scattering of noise instruments – rattles, maracas, bells, bells, home-made tarahtushki. This allows each child, regardless of his level of ability to find his place in the ensemble.
If he cannot cope with the melody to be played, he is offered another instrument. After a while, all children, regardless of their abilities, play recorders or xylophones.
And at the individual classes of choice master the piano, guitar or flute.
In order to develop each child’s ear for music and abilities, which absolutely everyone has to one degree or another, it is necessary to enable the child to be a doer. Classical methods of teaching music in kindergartens are often boring.
The teacher plays the piano, and the children sit and listen without moving. If at the first lesson to give the kids tools in their hands and ask to be in tact, the effect will be much higher. This is exactly what the teachers working on the Orff method do.
They are sure that the more different tools, even improvised, to offer to children, the better. For example, ask a two-year-old baby to pick up a plastic bottle filled with cereal and show how the mouse runs. Or with the help of two wooden sticks to depict how the goat jumps.
Even just to shake the maracas to the music, getting to the beat – delight will have no limits! It would seem that the kid is messing around: rustling, knocking and nothing else.
But in fact, he develops a sense of rhythm, a sense of meter, a sense of dynamics, in a word, his own natural musicality.
Music was a must have for many scholars of previous eras. For example, in ancient Greece it was studied along with reading, writing, arithmetic, poetry and dancing.
The ability to sing songs was one of the points of the “seven virtues” of medieval knightly education (by the way, this list lacked the ability to read, but there were, for example, the ability to throw spears and swim).
If you are determined that your child will be engaged in music, try to prepare him for school as early as possible. You can start with two years.
As you know, every person has a hearing. But if it is not developed, this ability fades away over the years.
Any mother can do home with the baby. You probably noticed how one year old kids love to bang with a spoon on a plate or on the table. Turn this love into an exciting game.
To do this, you just need to make it clear to the crumbs that behind every sound there is something. Playing an instrument is a conditional language in which you need to learn to understand.
Come up with a sound tale with translation. First make a sound, and then explain what it means.
And then hitting the key of the xylophone will turn into a falling asterisk, and knocking the sticks on the drum will make the clatter of the hoofs of the little goats that run towards their mom. Try to talk to the baby in the language of tools.
No need to say a single word, just “say” something to a child with a tambourine or xylophone, and let him “answer” with his instrument. And then ask to tell what was the “conversation”.
Accept any version of it. See, your little one learns to listen. Let this be only an initial idea of the possibilities of music.
Later, fantasy will tell him what the great composers wanted to tell us with their music.
One of the components of the musical ear – the ability to clean, without falsehood, to sing – depends largely on whether the mother is singing in the child. The fact is that hearing develops only with the voice.
If the mother does not sing along with the child, he simply will not learn how to do it. Singing a simple song together with my mother, the child instinctively listens to her mother’s voice: do I sing as much as she does?
First it hits two notes, then three. At such moments, he intuitively reads information, remembers how the vocal apparatus works, looks at how the mother takes a breath. This is also a very important component of singing.
Sometimes the child does not sing, because he does not understand when to inhale. Singing for him is a difficult job, because he suffocates without complying with the phrase.
That is why living mother’s singing is so important, because under a tape recorder you cannot learn to take a breath.
For joint singing it is very important to choose the right songs. Two-year-old baby popular “adult” songs are not suitable – too difficult to perform. Even children’s songs are not all good for this.
Very often, composers write “children’s” songs that can only be performed by a 10-year-old. But they do not sing them, because in terms of content they are not interesting to them.
For kids, it is better to choose short popevki of two phrases, until the baby learns to perform them purely. Do not forget that it would be good to dance or accompany a song on real and homemade instruments: dice, wooden sticks. Such a rhythmic movement gives a sense of tact.
Practice shows that kids who at an early age did not move to the music, dancing and singing, not maintaining the rhythm.
Everyone knows that it is necessary to listen to classical music in absolute silence. To begin with, the chosen piece of music must be given to the child “to play.”
Let him play along to the beat of the melody on any instrument. Ask him how he feels listening to her.
Ask him to dance his fantasy to this play. Now, when the child “felt” her body, found it in himself with the help of fantasy and emotions, we can talk about how to listen to music in concert halls.
The kid, at your request, will sit quietly, and you will invite him to play guessing game. Ask him to name a famous melody among unfamiliar passages.
See how happy he is when he hears “his.” Now he is ready to listen to music.
This will be a real pleasure for him, because with this play he has a lot of positive emotions.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart played the harpsichord from the age of 4, at 5 he began to compose music, at 6 he gave concerts, at 8–9 he created the first symphonies. His father taught music – a violinist and composer.
Ludwig van Beethoven, also the son of a musician, gave the first concerts at 8 years old.
Sing a baby song! The child must hear a live voice.
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