The incubation period of mononucleosis often lasts 5-15 days (however, it can last from 2 to 90 days) and is often asymptomatic. The duration of the disease usually does not exceed three weeks, but it can take up to two months.
The first week is the hardest. First there is a headache and sore throat, the temperature rises, there is an ache throughout the body.
Gradually, signs characteristic of sore throats and diphtheria appear – a raid appears on the tonsils. Inflamed cervical lymph nodes, and on both sides.
If you suspect a child has mononucleosis, you should carefully study the list of symptoms and consult a doctor. The diagnosis can only be confirmed by a doctor and only after a blood test.
There is no specific treatment for mononucleosis. The treatment is mostly aimed at relieving the symptoms, improving the general condition and strengthening the body.
If a child has a mild or moderate form of infectious mononucleosis, then it can be treated at home. In the acute period of the disease is required bed rest.
This is also necessary in order to avoid injury to the enlarged spleen.
If the fever is accompanied by high fever, antipyretic agents are prescribed, for example, paracetamol, ibuprofen. They should be prescribed by a doctor, because some doctors believe that certain medications, such as aspirin, unduly affect the already loaded liver.
Throat treatment is the same as for sore throat. Effective rinsing infusions of chamomile, calendula, furatsilina. You can apply a solution of soda or salt.
Helps relieve feeling sprays, relieving pain.
With nasal congestion, nasal rinsing with saline is effective.
Pay attention to the diet, it should be light. Focus on dairy products, vegetables and fruits.
They will help increase the body’s resistance to infection. Do not forget about the abundant drink – tea with lemon, sour juice or juice.
Avoid fatty and fried foods.
It is better to refuse use of antibiotics. The fact is that they weaken the immune system, which is already affected by the virus. Exceptions are bacterial complications.
If they have been identified, antibiotics are indispensable. In case of severe illness, the doctor may prescribe hormonal preparations of anti-inflammatory action.
During the course of treatment it is necessary to closely monitor the condition of the child. In some cases, hospitalization and even urgent surgical intervention may be required. For example, with the appearance of pain in the abdomen. They may indicate an enlarged spleen and its possible rupture.
As a rule, the pain in this case is concentrated in the left part of the abdominal cavity.
Shortness of breath, chest tightness may be signs of incipient pneumonia. In this case, hospitalization and a new treatment regimen will also be required.
It is necessary that throughout the treatment the doctor monitors the state of the liver. This organ increases markedly during the period of the disease. The maximum size of the liver reaches 7-10 days, after which the reverse process begins.
With proper and timely treatment, the liver is not affected.
If the child is sick with mononucleosis, parents need to take measures to prevent other family members from catching the infection. Make it easy.
The problem is that after a person has had a disease, a virus remains in his body. Sometimes it becomes active, and during this period can be transferred to other people.
To protect against infection, it is necessary to exclude too close contact with a recent patient. It is important to follow the basic rules of hygiene – each family member should have his own towel, to feed a recent patient, it is better to continue using a personal set of dishes.
If your child has been in contact with a patient with mononucleosis, you should carefully monitor his condition for two to three months. It is important to strengthen measures to strengthen immunity, to increase the proportion of fresh fruits and vegetables in the diet, more often to be in the air.