As a rule, incidents occurring with children begin and end according to the same scenario: putting a bruise, catching a lump or puncturing a leg, the baby starts crying, complaining of pain, calling for a mother, who already tries to help him as quickly as possible. What should be done first?
Of course, regret and calm the child, and then immediately proceed to the treatment of the wound: sanitize, close with a bandage or plaster, in extreme cases, put a compress.
We warn you, the second stage will require a remarkable exposure from you, because you will have to ignore the cries: “No, it will pinch!” – which will begin at the very moment when you get iodine or brilliant green from the first-aid kit. By the way, it’s good if everything you need to handle the wounds is right at your fingertips, because even the smallest abrasion quickly becomes a breeding ground for bacteria, especially if the baby’s hands are not very clean.
And how can they be clean if the child plays all day long outside, in sand and dust?
So, to avoid bacterial infections, it is worth taking even the smallest sores seriously. Otherwise, unpleasant consequences await you: tetanus bacilli can enter the blood through the damaged surface.
True, the vaccine that was timed to protect against this serious and life-threatening illness protects you, but if the wound is large or deep (for example, from a prick with a rusty nail or wire), you should immediately consult a doctor who will inject the baby with tetanus toxoid.
- The wound is deep, blood flows from it: it is a sign that the sore is located in that part of the body where the number of blood vessels is greater than in others. In addition, deep injuries often affect a muscle, nerve, or tendon, and the physician must decide whether to suture.
- On the body of the child there are several special places: brushes, head, eyebrows, face. The abrasions that appear there are dangerous, especially if you are unable to stop the blood with a tight bandage.
- A large wound with torn edges requires the intervention of a physician in order to properly treat it, restore skin cover and apply a bandage.
- First, wash the wound under a strong stream of running water, you can with soap, it has a bactericidal effect.
- Then remove the dirt with a sterile cloth moistened with a disinfectant solution (in order to prevent dirt from getting into the wound, wipe the cloth from the center of the abrasion to its edges). For the treatment of sores, you can take hydrogen peroxide, which has a double effect: stops bleeding and, foaming, cleans the affected area well. However, do not forget that hydrogen peroxide quickly loses its healing properties, if it is not properly stored. Therefore, if you notice that, once in the wound, it does not foam, then it is time for you to buy a new bottle.
- Disinfect the sore with a gauze compress soaked in an antiseptic. How? It is known that children tolerate chlorhexidine, hexamidine and benzalkonium chloride-based products well. They do not hurt because they do not contain alcohol. But alcohol drugs are more effective because they have tannic properties, do not soak the cut skin, but, on the contrary, dry it. That is why after treatment with alcohol, the wound remains clean, dry, and a dressing can be immediately applied to it. And after water solutions, the affected place must be dried, but during this time it may again be exposed to the attack of microbes. So what to do? If the baby tolerates iodine or brilliant green, it is worth using them. The only inconvenience of these tools is that they paint over the wound, and you can not observe how the healing process. And one last warning: you do not need to use several antiseptics at the same time, since they can “extinguish” each other’s antibacterial action.
- After washing and processing, dry the sore thoroughly. If she continues to bleed, squeeze her for 5–10 minutes with a sterile bandage.
- And, finally, tie up the affected area with a sterile bandage or stick an antiseptic adhesive plaster on it (preferably hypoallergenic). Do not cover the abrasion with a sticky part of the adhesive plaster: air will not pass under it, this will create a greenhouse effect and the wound will not heal for a long time. If you do not have a germicidal patch on hand, place a regular sterile gauze pad over the wound.
What is a bandage for? It protects the affected area from surrounding microbes and maintains the level of moisture needed to restore skin cells.
Change your dressing every day, checking how things are going. After two days, remove it, and the abrasion will heal on its own.
If it turns red, and swelling or pus appears around, that is, signs of infection, consult a doctor immediately.
Kid scratched. Abrasions and scratches are superficial wounds that usually appear on the knees, elbows and palms after a fall, for example, on the asphalt.
As a rule, they capture a large area of skin and somewhat resemble burns.
What to do? Remove earth and small particles (sand, gravel) with physiological saline, furatsilina solution, hydrogen peroxide or water with soap, then treat with any antiseptic (iodine, brilliant green, Castellani liquid, chlorhexidine).
Then close the abrasion with a bandage.
The kid cut his finger. Check the depth of cut.
Rinse, sanitize, and tie the wound. Use a plaster that holds well.
Try to explain to the child that he should not take it off.
Baby planted a splinter. Wash the affected area and, turning on the bright light, carefully inspect the wound.
If the splinter peeps out from under the skin, pull it out with forceps, sterilized in alcohol. Disinfect the wound and tie it up.
If after two days there are signs of infection (and this most likely means that a small piece of splinters remained under the skin), consult a doctor. Ask the doctor to remove the splinter even if you cannot do it yourself (for example, because it breaks off).
Keep in mind that splinters, thorns, earth, rusty metal objects are dangerous because they can enter tetanus bacilli into the wound!
Kid rubbed corn. Disinfect the needle in alcohol or on the fire and pierce the callus with it (make two small holes from different sides).
But do not remove the skin – it serves as a barrier to infection! Then lubricate the affected area with any disinfectant and apply the anti-ash plaster.
If the child complains of pain, consult a doctor: it is possible that this is an infection.
Kid pricked nail or shard of glass. Such sores often deceive inexperienced parents: they bleed a little, but can be deep and affect the muscle or tendon.
In addition, cuts are often attacked by microbes, especially if a tiny piece of glass or a grain of sand remains inside. Rinse the affected area thoroughly (eg with hydrogen peroxide), disinfect and lubricate with an antibiotic cream (oxycortic ointment, syntomycin emulsion).
If the next day you do not notice an improvement, consult a doctor who can determine if there is a foreign body in the wound and remove it.