Ideally, during an illness, whether it is an acute respiratory viral infection or a childhood infection (measles, rubella, etc.), the basis of the menu should be milk-plant food – it is easily digested. Dairy products will supply the body with protein, which contains all the necessary amino acids that are important for improving immunity. Porridges will provide the body with the necessary energy, vegetable protein and vitamins of group B. If your baby has a sore throat or he coughs, it is better to make them more liquid.
Fresh vegetables, fruits, berries are rich in vitamins and fiber. They stimulate the appetite, which dies away during illness, and improve digestion.
The amount of sweets, on the contrary, should be limited. Excess carbohydrate can enhance inflammation and provoke fermentation in the gastrointestinal tract.
Hard crumbs from cookies, crackers and dryers can irritate the mucous membranes of the mouth and pharynx, which can cause or aggravate coughing.
During an illness, it is important not only to select the “right” products for the baby, but also to observe the following rules:
1) It is necessary to feed the child more often than usual: in small portions every 3–3.5 hours.
2) Poor health, the temperature makes the baby particularly capricious in choosing food, so in the first days of the disease, offer him his favorite dishes and make sure that the food is not only healthy, but also tasty.
3) If the baby has a high temperature, the main meals should be postponed to those periods when the heat subsides a bit.
4) Do not insist if the child refuses to eat. Try again some time later.
During illness, the baby’s body experiences an increased need for fluid. First, due to the high temperature, the body quickly loses it. Secondly, water is needed to relieve cough.
It helps to dilute the secret of the respiratory tract and excrete phlegm, and with it the products of the exchange of pathogenic bacteria. It is better to give the baby a little sweetened with weak cranberry or lingonberry juice.
It contains benzoic acid, which inhibits the growth of harmful microorganisms in the intestine. Drinks from dried fruit, black currant, wild rose, lemon are also good.
Drinking should be warm, but not hot, so as not to irritate the oral mucosa.
Experts are unanimous: to water children, especially the youngest, is better with water, whose composition is reliably guaranteed. Only manufacturers of bottled water can fulfill this condition, and not all products of this group are suitable for babies. Water for children – water of the highest category, meeting the most stringent safety requirements; It contains a certain amount of minerals and salts, and no preservatives (silver and carbon dioxide) are added.
For example, the level of minerals in children’s water should be low — up to 500 mg / l (in the first quality category it does not exceed 1000 mg / l) so as not to overload the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys and the cardiovascular system of babies. A safe framework has been established for each of these substances. Thus, the content of fluoride ion should be in the range of 0.6–0.7 mg / l.
Going beyond this is fraught with problems: a lack of can lead to caries, and a bust – to fluorosis (the process of destruction of dental tissue). Another important indicator – the level of water hardness depends on the amount of mineral substances in its composition.
Allowed, that is safe for the health of children, the interval is 1.5–7 mg-eq / l.