For example, do you remember your first birthday? Of course not!
Although your fathers and mothers probably celebrated this joyful event by all the rules. Usually, a person remembers himself from about three years of age, and at first glance everything that happened before is not remembered.
And no matter how beautiful the memory is, we are still unlikely to be able to look into the past beyond the first year in kindergarten.
The fact that intellectual abilities are formed before the birth of a person is a long-proven fact. For example, one future mother perfectly knew two languages - French and Russian.
But during pregnancy she spoke only French. When the crumb was born, it turned out that he liked the French language more.
After all, this language was already familiar to him, he had heard it for nine months, and therefore it was French that immediately after his birth became more understandable and pleasant for him.
Another example is musical. An American woman during pregnancy watched the same series every day.
And then suddenly people around noticed that the background music from this TV movie soothed the baby better than any other music!
Does the mind of a child really replace memories, as Freud thought? Do early childhood memories reflect on the child’s personality, even if unconsciously? In fact, any events of this period, happy or sad, leave an imprint on the future perception of life, the manner of behaving and interacting with other people.
No matter how hard you try, the child will never remember his first New Year, or even the second, but the emotions will remain in his memory, and it is they who will shape his personality.
From the age of one, the child learns well the fact of the object, he realizes that his toys can lie in different places, and begins to look for those that he needs. By the age of 18 months, he can remember where he saw the toy for the last time, and begins to look for it exactly there … Although opinions differ even here.
Psychologist Jean Piaget believed that up to 9 months a child is not able to memorize an object that is outside his field of vision. Therefore, he will not seek to find him: Jean Piaget believes that for a child this object simply ceases to exist.
But there are scientists who believe that the child is able to recognize the existence of an object, and its passivity when it disappears from sight is due to the immaturity of memory, which prevents it from remembering its location.
What does the child remember and remember at all? At the age of 1-2 years, the baby absorbs information incredibly quickly, but will he remember in the future about the time when he was very young?
Over these, as well as many other issues relating to human development, scientists are puzzled.
The process of accumulating information begins with the fact that immediately after birth the so-called memory of knowledge, reasoning and effect is progressively developed. We can notice how, at the age of several weeks, the little one calms down, seeing his mother, because in his memory he has already programmed this picture as an association associated with the warmth of the hands, food, and security.
After several months, when the number of neural connections increases many times, the baby’s brain is already able to accumulate more complex and diverse information, and not just that which relates to its natural needs. At the age of 1, a child, without your reminder, can repeat what you have already learned to teach him: wave the handle when someone is removed, make “ladies”, “magpie-crow”, stretch the handle for greetings ”and so on.
He also recognizes some parts of the body – you can ask him: “Show your eyes, ears, nose, teeth”, and he will do it with pleasure, or: “Where is the pussy, doggy, birdie?”, “How do they say?” He and it will show and tell you!
But don’t ask him too much for now! At this age, the child selectively remembers.
The development of his memory depends on many factors, in particular on the maturity of the nervous system as a whole, the amount of stress on memory (the more it is trained, the better it works), and the feelings – the child’s attitude to this or that information – this phenomenon is interesting to him , it is able to captivate him now or not yet. Be patient!
Literally every day, the little man’s interest in the world around him will rise with lightning speed, and his outlook will necessarily expand, of course, with your help! After all, it is mother who is called by nature not only to protect and nurture her child, but also to teach him the tricks of life, as well as the necessary ways of survival and resilience in a complex world.
Create conditions for concentration. For example, this can be done like this: when a kid is flipping through a book, collecting a pyramid or a mosaic, building a tower of cubes, try to limit distracting sources of information – turn off the radio and TV.
After all, the better he can concentrate, the more efficient his memory will work.
- Learn with the child counting
- Spend time with your child in the evenings – just talk to him! Ask him to share his impressions of the past day! This is important not only for the development of memory, but also for establishing warm friendly relations between you.
- Does a baby rarely see grandparents? When you call them, let the child listen to their voice!
- Show your children photos in which they are very small, as well as common family photos or video of past periods of life, such as a holiday in kindergarten.
“At the age of 2, Sasha knew the whole alphabet by heart, but then she forgot it! – Sofya complains. – The husband graduated from an engineering institute, and he wanted his daughter to follow in his footsteps. When she turned 1.5 years old, he began to teach her the alphabet and made sure that at 2 years she knew him by heart! And then a lot of things fell on her husband, for several weeks he was returning home late.
So Alexandra lost the “tutor”. When the husband wanted her to repeat the alphabet by heart, it turned out that the baby had forgotten everything, and only a month had passed!
Since then, the husband has become disillusioned and has abandoned attempts at training under such a program.
Nowadays, scientists studying memory cannot say for sure why we remember our first 3–4 years of life so poorly. It is not yet known for certain how our memory works, what neurons and how the “face of the beloved grandmother” is encoded in human memories.
But then biologists can figure out which logical transformations with neural signals the hippocampus performs. This area of the brain, intended for the accumulation of episodic memories (not knowledge, namely events, places, persons), is in its infancy in early childhood. It is believed that the hippocampus, like the hard drive of a computer, compresses information to make room for new data.
Starting from 1.5–2 years, the child can remember what he did yesterday, especially if it impressed him, but after 6 months, it all with the same success completely forgets. This condition is called childhood amnesia, and there are several reasons for it. Perhaps this is because the crumb lacks the tool, which is important for accumulating and extracting memories, the language.
To the baby has not yet come the realization of his own “I.” The child begins to say “I” only at the age of about 2 years.
To develop what psychology calls an autobiographical memory, which allows you to place yourself in the events of the past, you need to wait until the little man grows up, be able to distinguish themselves from other people and interact with them.
All parents really want to help the baby develop their memory. You do not have time to look back, as it is time to go to school, and there you will need to memorize numbers and letters, and a lot of other things.
Is it time to get ready: right now, from the cradle? And then it will be in the tail end of the grade.
And they go to buy memory-developing games. But is it really necessary at such a young age?
Or is memory capable of developing by itself as a child grows up?
The kid closely monitors the environment and, driven by a thirst for discovery, remembers a lot of information. Therefore, it is not necessary to stimulate his memory. Sometimes it is even harmful.
This may lead to the fact that he will passively perceive the world, that is, he will get used to stimulation, instead of taking initiative in research activities. In any case, if you stimulate his memory by hanging family photos around the crib, playing educational games with him or repeating a thousand times, for example, when your grandmother has a birthday, it still does not help to avoid childhood amnesia, which is a natural step human development.
Fight with it? Pretty hard, and what’s the point?
It is probably better to give nature freedom of action: after overcoming the mysterious period of amnesia, the child will surprise you with an excellent memory of facts. As for memorizing the multiplication table, which he will face in the future, he will be quickly helped by the skills of mathematical thinking, and not by boring cramming. In the meantime, you can play with him in the seller to try to instill a taste for the numbers, or repeat counting.
And when the time comes to answer at the lesson of mathematics, it will be useful to him, you can be sure.
Sveta saw her son Roma (1.5 years old) running to the closet where her grandmother used to put together the biscuits to taste. She was surprised – since a whole month has passed since then!
Just in his memory were deposited positive moments associated with the cookies he liked. That is why not only play, but also enjoyment are important for a child to remember better.