The most obvious things we somehow lose sight of most often. The simple truth is: the doctor must prescribe medications – we challenge it with enviable persistence. And if the test of drugs on themselves sometimes is expensive even for adults, then the consequences of such experiments on a child can be deplorable.
If this or that remedy has helped your girlfriend’s daughter, it does not mean that it will benefit your child. The same applies to drugs from the first-aid kit of adults or drugs that were given to children in the times of our mothers.
A simple example: aspirin, which 20 years ago was commonly prescribed to babies and is still used by many adults with headaches and fever, is not recommended today for children under 12 years of age without special indications due to the increased incidence of severe complications – Ray’s syndrome.
And even reading instructions or reviews on the Internet does not guarantee the safety of self-treatment. Indeed, when choosing a drug, it is important to take into account not only its contraindications and side effects, but also interaction with other medications that a child takes, and the effect on individual organs or systems (so as not to be in a situation “we treat one thing and cripple the other”) and just the individual characteristics of the patient. All these nuances can be considered only by a doctor, and it is he (and not grandmothers, pharmacists at the pharmacy or friends in social networks) who should be entrusted with the choice of treatment method.
No doubt, visits to the clinic take a lot of time and effort, but this is the situation when it is better to be safe – especially in the case of children up to a year. The task is simplified if the attending physician can be contacted by phone – among the doctors working in the voluntary medical insurance system, this practice is the norm, and local pediatricians often go to meet young mothers.
In difficult situations, when you need quick advice from a doctor, and it is impossible to contact your pediatrician, do not hesitate to call “103”. At the ambulance stations, there are medical advisory stations, whose employees provide free telephone advice on emergency questions.
They can tell what medicine to give the baby as a first aid, and if necessary, call a team of doctors.
Each disease requires a certain dosage of the drug and the duration of treatment – this is important in order for the body to have enough active substance to accumulate. When calculating the dose, “practicing” mothers use the scheme indicated in the instructions, that is, they are guided by the age of the child, and sometimes make mistakes.
After all, it is important to take into account the weight of the patient (another baby weighs 4 years as a 4-year-old and the age dosage may be ineffective for him), as well as the severity of the disease (sometimes acute doses of the drug are sometimes necessary) and associated diseases.
Parental errors in calculations or a conscious increase in dosage (say, in the hope of a quick improvement) can cause poisoning in a baby — toxicologists know this firsthand. Conversely, a decrease in the dose prescribed by a doctor or the duration of treatment will result in the drug either not working at all or only partially destroying the infection, driving it deeper.
Especially often it happens with antibacterial drugs: they improve the condition quickly enough, and parents decide that they no longer need to swallow the extra “chemistry”. In fact, in order to completely defeat the infection, the course of treatment (and for different antibiotics it can vary from 3 to 14 days), you must go to the end.
Otherwise, the surviving microbes can declare themselves again: for example, from the upper respiratory tract to go down and cause bronchitis or pneumonia.
To persuade a capricious person to drink medicine is not an easy task in itself, but you still need to get it into the body in the right environment: with water, juice or milk, separately from food or with it. How well the drug is absorbed depends on these “non-essential” conditions.
For example, lactase preparations, which are often prescribed to infants to facilitate the absorption of milk, are taken strictly during feeding – otherwise they will be simply useless.
Many cases of drug poisoning in children occur due to the inattention of parents: they left a bright jar in front of the baby, confused similar bottles, accidentally poured too much medicine, did not specify the dosage. Doctors do not get tired to remind a simple truth: carefully study the packaging and instructions for the drug before giving it to the child.
Not only the duration, but also the regularity of the medication is important: giving them to the child “through time”, is it any wonder that inefficiencies are surprising? The second important point – compliance with the rules of taking a particular drug.
They may differ even for drugs with the same active ingredient (for example, due to different amounts of the active ingredient), so it is better for parents to be more attentive.
The frequency of the intake depends on how long the body absorbs and has a healing effect on a particular substance. If the drug is prescribed 2 times a day, this means that the interval between doses should be 12 hours, and you need to take a pill at 8 am and 8 pm, and not at 11 and 16 hours.
If possible, try not to shift the reception time by more than 1-2 hours, although it is not easy with small children. The only justified exception is sleep: it is not necessary to wake the child on purpose to give him medicine, unless the doctor prescribes otherwise.
Did you miss the reception? Act on the principle: it is better to take the medicine at the wrong time than not to take it at all.
Just try to meet the conditions of admission and the time interval. For example, if after breakfast you remembered that you forgot to give the baby a drug that is taken before meals, give out the medicine two hours later and offer the baby an apple or a cookie, and move the lunch time.
The pharmaceutical market today offers doctors and patients a wealth of treatment options for the same ailment. To understand this abundance is sometimes difficult, but it is always possible to find interchangeable drugs.
The only caveat: again this should be a doctor, not a mom or a pharmacist in a pharmacy. If you cannot consult a doctor, at least read the instructions carefully before giving the medicine to the child.
You must be sure that the analogue that was offered to you is suitable for children of your age, and among the contraindications there are no diseases of your child. Preparations with the same active ingredient can be transported differently due to different auxiliary components (for example, dyes, sweeteners, preservatives) – and this may be important for small allergies.
The same applies to different forms of a single drug: the amount of the active ingredient in syrup and tablets with the same name sometimes varies, and if you do not pay attention to it, you can get an overdose.
They gave the child inappropriate medicine or greatly exceeded the dose.
Immediately start otpaivat child boiled water (but not milk and manganese, as they sometimes do) and induce vomiting, pressing on the root of the tongue. This is best done, even if the baby initially feels fine – the development of events can be unpredictable. After you clean the baby’s stomach, give him any enterosorbent (for example, activated charcoal).
If the pussy categorically refuses to drink or has vomiting, convulsions, fainting – immediately call an ambulance. ” The child will be taken to the toxicology department and they will do a gastric lavage or an antidote – an “antidote” against a specific substance.
Does the child have an adverse reaction to the drug?
Medication intolerance may manifest as a rash, itchy skin, nausea, upset stool, drowsiness, or, conversely, increased irritability. In this case, you should stop taking the drug immediately and ask the doctor to find another remedy for you.
Before the doctor’s visit, give the baby a sorbent and an antihistamine drug.
They gave the baby medicine, and he vomited.
It depends on exactly when vomiting occurred and which drug the baby took. The fluids pass from the stomach to the intestine after about 20 minutes, and if vomiting has happened in half an hour, it means that the medicine has already been absorbed. But when the child drank a pill or vomiting happened before, the reception will need to be repeated.
If this fails, the form of the drug needs to be changed, and when time does not wait, call an ambulance and inject the same drug by injection.