Harmful substances that are contained in the urban air, irritate the respiratory tract of the baby: the larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs. In addition, if the air is too polluted, the cells of the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract are more difficult to “wrap” dust particles with mucus and expel them outside (for example, when coughing or sneezing).
By the way, this protective mechanism begins to work in babies only from the third month, and until that time it is very difficult for a child’s body to resist harmful substances that enter it.
Air pollution – load for the respiratory system. It can lead to a variety of problems: allergies, frequent colds, headaches.
And the sooner the crumb encounters the “unfriendly” external environment, the more difficult it is for parents and doctors to cope with the consequences of its influence.
Unfortunately, the baby can “inhale” with harmful substances not only on the street, but also at home. After all, cleanliness and order in the apartment does not mean that the air in it is perfectly clean.
The fumes from the gas stove, the smallest particles of washing and cleaning powders, air fresheners and sprays, not to mention book dust and cigarette smoke, all fall into the lungs of a child every day. But in the conditions of a small space, such a “mixture” may not in the best way affect the fragile respiratory system of the baby.
How to make the air in the apartment cleaner? First of all, every 3-4 hours, air the apartment and wipe the floor daily.
Due to this domestic evaporation will accumulate less in the air. So that home dust does not make life difficult for you, do not lay carpets on the floor, often clean upholstered furniture and toys. Try to get rid of thick curtains, replace the duvets and pillows with synthetic ones and close the books with glass.
And in the winter, when due to central heating the air in the apartment becomes too dry, use room humidifiers.
In the cold season, polluted air affects us especially strongly. If in summer most of the harmful substances are absorbed by the leaves of trees and grass, then with the onset of autumn the city loses this protection.
A simple example: in the summer, pollution from highways spreads on average 50 m from the road, and in winter – 10–15 m further. In many ways, this is the “merit” of strong winds that carry exhaust fumes and dust far.
In winter, “air” problems lurk at home. In the cold, kids walk less, which means almost all the time they breathe “flat” air.
So if its quality leaves much to be desired, then the baby will feel pollution more strongly than in summer. Indeed, in a room with tightly closed windows, the concentration of undesirable substances is higher.
Including particles of synthetic finishing and building materials (especially in panel houses), which can cause allergies. By the way, this is one of the reasons why children get sick more often during the cold season.
Meanwhile, the winter air has its advantages. For example, in the cold microbes and viruses cease to multiply. So, at a low temperature, it is almost impossible to catch the infection on the street (although in such weather another risk increases – to overcool).
But in the slush of influenza and acute respiratory infections are taken “for the cause” is particularly active, because the “favorite” temperature for these infections is about 0 ° C.
To protect young citizens from the influence of “bad ecology”, parents should remember:
- If possible, choose parks where there are bodies of water for a walk with the baby: water reduces the concentration of carbon monoxide in the air. Leave the city more often, but try to stay away from the highways.
- You should not go for a walk with your baby at peak times, when there are especially many cars on the roads.
- If you are on a busy street, take the child in your arms. The fact is that heavy evaporation accumulates at a height of about 1 meter, and the growth of children under 4 years old is no higher than this level. Be careful with the strollers: they are usually rather small, and the children sit in them just at the level of the exhaust pipes of cars. So, in the first months, carry the baby only in a high, closed wheelchair, and from three months you can use a “kangaroo” carrying the child to face it.