The teeth of the future baby begin to form at the very beginning of pregnancy: after six weeks of development, a so-called “dental plate” is formed – the basis for the creation of milk teeth and permanent buds. Approximately six months after birth, the first lower central incisor erupts in the baby.
After the upper incisors, lateral and first molars, fangs grow. As a result, by the age of two the child has all 20 teeth, and when the child is 6 years old, they begin to fall out under the onslaught of the indigenous ones.
However, this does not mean that temporary teeth can be treated inattentively: they should be taken care of as well as permanent ones, because without them the child cannot chew or speak correctly.
How to protect fragile tooth enamel from numerous attacks of bacteria in the mouth? For this you need to remember some important nuances.
- Useful fluoride This element strengthens tooth enamel, makes teeth strong and protects them from the acid that forms in the mouth as a result of the breakdown of sugar by bacteria.
Fluoride is found in spinach, fish, tea, mineral water or tap water, salt, toothpaste, and in some types of chewing gum.
Since all children have different needs for this element, consult your doctor and find out what your baby needs. Perhaps the dentist will suggest strengthening the enamel with special preparations with fluorine (for example, using the deep fluorination method).
On the other hand, one should not forget that the excess of fluoride is just as harmful as its disadvantage: as a result of overdose, changes in the structure of the tooth enamel can begin, due to which thin stripes or white and even brown spots appear on the teeth ( called fluorosis).
- Proper cleaning As soon as a child has a first tooth erupted, this procedure should be an obligatory part of the daily program. While there are not too many teeth, take a cotton swab or gauze swab, soak it in saline and clean it thoroughly. Take this seriously: both breast milk and the mixture contain sugar, which causes a harmful plaque.
A little later, at 10 months, give the baby a first toothbrush with a small scrub head. So that the child did not refuse to brush his teeth and did not take this ritual as a service, try to turn it into a game. Another option: buy an electric brush, which is a little diversified daily work. Do not expect that a two-year or even three-year-old child will be able to cope with the task on his own: be sure to clean his teeth yourself. And in order for the baby to become clearer that, in fact, it is necessary to scrape them off, brush them with a solution of lugol or other means that the doctor advises. As a result, the patina will stain, the baby will see it and understand what needs to be done to get rid of it.
Make sure that the child brushes his teeth for at least 3 minutes, and then rinses his mouth well. Remind him that this should be done both in the morning and in the evening.
If the bristles of the brush starts to bend, buy a new “tool”. As for the paste, place only a small ball of detergent on the brush.
If you are unable to teach your child to brush their teeth, ask the dentist to do it for you.
Harmful sugar As mentioned above, after each meal (and especially after sweet) in the mouth acid is formed.
So that it does not destroy the enamel of the teeth, regardless of what the baby eats, breast or artificial milk, do not allow him to fall asleep while eating. Take particular care with bottles filled with sweet water.
When the time comes, teach your child to chew: for this, offer him not only puree food, but also solid foods – a piece of carrot, apple or meat. Chewing will form the correct bite and saliva will be released, which will wash away food debris from the surface of the teeth.
When the child grows up, carefully watch what products he prefers. In the list of undesirable take chips, industrial salty crackers, candy, chewing marmalade, sweet carbonated drinks – they all contain acid, which destroys the enamel.
As for chocolate, contrary to popular belief, it does not harm the teeth, but, on the contrary, strengthens their surface.
- Mandatory visits Beginning tooth decay and other minor dental problems are not always visible to the naked eye. However, it is in your interest that both of them be discovered on time: then the treatment will not take much time and will not cause the child pain. That is why, as soon as the baby begins to acquire teeth, be sure to go to the dentist. But be prepared for the fact that during the first visit to a specialist, the child may not want to open his mouth. At first, just introduce the baby to the doctor and allow the little one to explore the situation in the office. Well, if the doctor and the child like each other, in this case, problems with treatment, most likely, will not arise. The main thing is that the first visit to the dentist does not cause negative emotions in a small patient: do not forget that you will have to take him to a specialist 1-2 times a year.
What to do if you have problems with your teeth? In each situation, you need to act on the basis of the circumstances.
Inspect your teeth every day while brushing. Remember that at first caries changes their color – because of it, they become pinkish or whitish. And although at this stage the disease does not cause unpleasant sensations to the child, it should be treated at the very beginning: otherwise a hole will appear and not only enamel will be damaged, but also more tender dentin.
If the situation goes too far, the inflammation will reach the pulp and root. To avoid this, do not miss visits to the dentist, do not refuse prophylaxis (for example, deep fluoridation or sealing of fissures – this is the way to fill the grooves of the chewing teeth with special material) and treatment – the damaged tooth must be restored with the help of a filling.
Do not forget that you need to take care of baby teeth, as bacteria that cause caries can, firstly, move to other organs (throat or tonsils), and secondly, attack the rudiments of permanent teeth located in the gum.
In scientific language this is called diastema or treme. Well, if milk teeth are arranged in this way, then the permanent ones will have enough space and they will grow exactly. Worse, if a large gap persists between them: the reason for this is often the wrong positioning or small size of teeth, excess space in the jaw, short frenulum of the upper or lower lip: in this case, it is usually dissected.
To correct the bite, it is not necessary to wait until the child erupts all permanent teeth. It is better to consult a specialist – orthodontist – early.
- Baby teeth erupt at the age of 4 to 12 months.
Most often, the first tooth of a child appears at 6 months, and 20 – closer to two years. Usually, central lower incisors erupt in 6–7 months, followed by upper incisors, lateral incisors grow to 7–9 months, to the year – the first root teeth, to 1.5 years – canines, to 2 years – the second root teeth. But all this is a theory; in practice, the order and timing of the appearance of teeth may look different.
Remember this and do not worry if after a long lull in the mouth of the baby appears. 6 or 8 teeth at once!
If a child does not have a single tooth closer to the year, you need to consult a doctor.
In this case, the doctor will prescribe an x-ray examination to check if the gums of the teeth are in the gum. Fortunately, the phenomenon of adentia, that is, the complete absence of teeth, is very rare.
To help the tooth cut, you can rub the gum with a piece of sugar.
In no case can it be done – you can hurt the gum and cause an infection! If at the time of the appearance of the teeth the child became moody, restless, he had a fever or a runny nose, massage the reddened and swollen gums with a special gel. Or give the child a teething ring toy (you can cool it in advance in the fridge).
If the temperature of the baby rises above 38 ° C, it is better to see a doctor – this may mean that the little one caught the infection.
Each tooth has two parts: the visible – the crown and invisible – the root. The border between them is called the neck.
The tooth itself consists of several layers: enamel (on baby teeth it is thinner than on permanent ones), cement — a thin layer of hard tissue covering the root, dentin — not a very hard and rather vulnerable substance that radiates through the enamel and gives the tooth a certain color and very sensitive pulp – the living part of the tooth, where the nerves and blood vessels.
Show your child how to divide the mouth into sections (front teeth, lateral, upper and lower jaw) and explain that each of them requires a special approach. Put the child facing the mirror, stand behind him, take his hand with a toothbrush and start making movements together that will help get rid of plaque.
- To brush the teeth outside, hold the brush as shown in the figure and make sweeping movements from the gum to the edge of the tooth.
- Clean the inside of the front teeth, moving from the gum to the edge of the tooth.
- From the inside, brush your chewing teeth with short sweeping movements from the gum to the edge of the tooth.
- First chew the chewing part of the teeth back and forth, and then make several circular movements.
- If the tooth is just beginning to erupt and is below the rest, make sure that the child does not miss it during cleaning. And since the gum around the tooth is very sensitive, offer the baby a soft bristled brush. Brush your tooth with a gentle back and forth motion.