Do you know how to properly put a newborn baby to sleep? Right, on the back. It is this simple rule that prevents the syndrome of sudden infant death.
This became known in the mid-90s, which reduced the number of infant deaths worldwide by 50%. However, this measure also led to an unexpected effect: mothers began to be afraid to lay out children on the tummy, not only during sleep, but also during wakefulness. As a result, the development of children’s motor functions has slowed down: in order to crawl on all fours, the child needs to use both the arms and legs, the muscles of which must be sufficiently trained.
If the baby is constantly lying on his back in the crib, he is unlikely to be able to master the necessary skills. When lying on their backs, children lack the antigravity load on the extensor muscles, which can lead to a delay in the development of the psychomotor functions of the child: the ability to crawl, sit down and roll over from abdomen to back.
Some babies begin to resent when laying out on the tummy. And no wonder: for a child who constantly lies on the back, the position on the stomach is unusual, unpleasant – the child hardly lifts his head, cannot turn, feeling discomfort. The baby starts crying, calling for mom to help.
Do not give in to provocations! You do not need to bring the baby to sobs, but try every day to lay out the crumbs for 5−10 minutes, gradually increasing the time to half an hour.
Always be near the baby. If he starts to act up, you can entertain him, and he will lie on his stomach longer.
In this case, note that the hips of the child must be divorced, and his hands rest on the forearm.
In the first 2-3 months of life, the baby tries to balance itself and therefore rejects the head in the direction opposite to the position of the body. In other words, lying on the tummy, the crumb will begin to raise its head, which contributes to the proper and timely development of the cervical spine.
He will keep his head upright for longer, then he will rise on the handles, roll over, and by six months, stand on all fours and make the first attempts to crawl. Daily workouts will improve coordination of movements, help strengthen the shoulder girdle, arm muscles, and spinal column, which in turn will have a positive effect not only on the physical, but also on the intellectual development of the baby.
In addition, laying out on the stomach will perfectly strengthen the muscles of the anterior abdominal wall, will be the prevention of umbilical hernia, and if done before a meal, it will help to significantly reduce colic.
Spread the baby on the stomach as often as possible: before feeding (after eating you should not – the baby can burp abundantly and choke), during massage, gymnastics, swaddling. Before the procedure, ventilate the room and remove all unnecessary.
The surface of the bed should be flat and firm – for example, a table covered with a thin blanket. A hard surface causes the child to strain the muscles of the body, which, by the way, does not occur when lying on a pillow or soft mattress.
In order for the crumbs not to be bored, place a toy with a mirror in front of it – the children really like to peer into their own reflection. Or put nearby a bright musical rattle, which will take the baby’s attention for a long time.
Sometimes lying on the stomach annoys the crumb because the child can not watch the mother. Communicate more with the peanut.
As an option, you can put the child on your chest – so the baby will be able to look around without lifting his head too high.
Get a game rug with arcs, in the grooves of which you can hang toys. Lying on his stomach, the child will examine the intricate pattern of the rug, touch the parts made of various materials, and reach for the hanging toys, trying to grab them, and gradually learn to lift themselves on their hands.
If the child is already easy to reach the rattle you like, his arms and back have become stronger, you can try to move your favorite toy away so that the child tries to crawl to it. Of course, you should not be zealous, because the first “encroachments” can turn out far from immediately.
During this period, you can practice the exercise “reflex crawling”, which strengthens the muscles of the legs and lower back: in a position on the tummy, spread the baby’s knees to the sides, and connect the feet. Then, with your palms, clasp the baby’s lower legs and with your thumbs, touch the soles. The child, in response to your actions, will straighten legs and, pushing off, will move forward.
Your hands must be fixed on the table, otherwise the baby will not move forward. The exercise can be repeated 5−7 times.
Some mothers prefer to put the baby on the stomach during sleep, but this increases the risk of SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome), and besides in a dream, the crumb does not try to rise or lift his head and, accordingly, does not train muscles.
According to a study by Canadian scientists, children sleeping on their stomachs and spending in a similar position for most of the waking period, develop somewhat faster than their peers who sleep on their side or back. Such babies start to keep their heads, sit down, crawl, walk. But in 1−1.5 years, the development of those and others leveled off.
It is not worth the risk of leaving the child in the abdomen position for the night, just try to arrange a small gymnastics less often.