For the first time, sparkling water was obtained in England in the 18th century. Then joined the Swedes.
It was in Sweden that the first apparatus for saturating water with carbon dioxide was created, and in 1783 the industrial production of soda began.
The most popular drinks among children are Cola, Sprite and Fanta. Their consumption accounts for more than 85% of all soda.
Water. 90% carbonated water consists of water, so the taste of the drink depends on its quality.
Carbon dioxide is the second mandatory component in the composition of soda. On the label, it is designated as E290 preservative. Why preservative?
Because carbon dioxide is used to destroy microorganisms that are in drinking water, and thus contributes to longer storage. It is very beneficial from an economic point of view.
In terms of carbonation saturation, carbonated water is divided into:
- Low carbonated (carbon dioxide level from 0.2 to 0.3%)
- Medium carbonated (carbon dioxide level from 0.3 to 0.4%)
- Strongly carbonated (more than 0.4%)
Sugar. Everyone has probably seen a picture on the Internet, where pieces of sugar lie next to a certain product – just as much as they are contained in it. Next to carbonated drinks, there is always a mountain of sugar cubes.
Is it all so scary? Yes! In one small jar of Pepsi-Cola there are 8 pieces of sugar, and Coca-Cola – 6.5.
This is a tremendous amount, which inevitably affects the child’s metabolism (overweight in children is a serious problem of our time), and on the level of blood sugar and not strong children’s teeth. Already because of this fact alone, it is possible to forbid a child to drink such beverages. But this is not all …
Sweeteners are used in diet soda. “Then you can drink it to children!”, You will think, and you will be completely wrong. The most used sweetener is aspartame (E420 on the package).
It can cause fatigue, lethargy, distraction. That is why it is not recommended for children in the middle of the school day to use soda. But this is not even the most important thing.
Scientists have found that aspartame decomposes over 30 degrees (and the temperature in the stomach is even higher) decomposes to methanol (methyl alcohol) and formaldehyde – both substances are poisonous to humans and can lead to mental retardation, diabetes, epilepsy and brain diseases, and destruction of the liver. and renal failure.
Scientists, having conducted experiments on mice, found that as a result of the constant use of sugar substitutes in mice, the ability to process sugar significantly decreased. After studies were conducted with the participation of people, and the results were the same.
This is known as glucose intolerance: the body begins to cope worse with sugar processing, which is often the cause for the development of obesity and diabetes. Most importantly, the deterioration occurred after only four days of the experiment in every fourth test subject.
Acids play the role of preservatives. Citric acid (E330), malic acid (E296) and orthophosphoric acid (E338) regulate the taste and help soda not to deteriorate. The latter is cheaper than lemon several times, but also more harmful in the same amount.
It is contained in Coca-Cola and can gradually lead to the destruction of delicate children’s enamel, as well as to the disruption of calcium metabolism.
Preservatives. Do not believe it, but some drinks thanks to them can be stored for about two years! The most common preservative is sodium benzoate (E211).
Many scientists agree that this substance provokes processes that can lead to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and Parkinson’s disease. In addition, if a child has asthma, be doubly careful, as this compound aggravates its symptoms.
Dyes. Soda can contain: azorubine (E122 – artificial red dye), tartrazine (E102 – artificial yellow dye), E133 – artificial blue dye, E104 – quinoline artificial yellow-green dye, E110 – artificial orange-yellow dye, E124-Ponso 4P – artificial purple-red dye, which is a potent carcinogen.
The composition of the product Coca-Cola is sugar color (E150). All these dyes can cause a concentration disorder in children, a little irritability, a disruption in the learning process and stress.
Caffeine. When the Coca-Cola drink appeared on the shelves, it immediately began to enjoy incredible popularity.
The reason for this was his extraordinary invigorating property. But it turned out that this property is achieved by adding an extract of the Coca plant to the soda, the leaves of which were also used to make cocaine.
At the beginning of the 20th century, they stopped adding drugs to soda and replaced it with caffeine in order to preserve the invigorating effect of the drink. Children who have not yet fully formed the nervous system, and which is highly unstable even without the influence of caffeine, it is undesirable to use it even in small quantities.
You should not exacerbate the situation, giving the child to drink soda: caffeine, in addition to it, is also contained in tea, chocolate (which children eat in large quantities, whether you like it or not), coffee ice cream and desserts like tiramisu. With frequent use of products containing caffeine, the child increases nervous excitability, he becomes irritable, and sleep problems may begin.
In the first 10 minutes, sugar produces a powerful blow to the body. Thanks to carbon dioxide, sugar dissolved in water instantly enters the blood and liver.
Within 20 minutes, the body tries to resist sugar overdose (and as we remember, one and a half liters of Coke contains 40 teaspoons of “sweet death”). In the usual case, such an overdose of sugar would cause vomiting, but sugary carbonated drinks contain acids that prevent it.
Further, there is a powerful release of insulin into the blood to digest sugar. The liver breaks down sugar and converts it into fat.
Within 40 minutes, caffeine is completely absorbed by the body. Children may experience increased pressure and irritability.
An hour later, the reverse effect is drowsiness and fatigue, since sugar is quickly absorbed by the body. The diuretic effect of caffeine begins to act, calcium is washed out of the bones and excreted in the urine.
In addition to calcium, magnesium, zinc and sodium are washed out.
Within a few hours, “caffeine collapse” occurs and I want to drink another jar of soda.
Obesity and diabetes
Many scientists agree that sugary soda can cause obesity and diabetes. Such a record amount of sugar can not be absorbed by the body without a trace, and all the calories from such drinks are deposited in the form of fat.
Andrei Prodeus, director of the Moscow Center for Immunology and Allergology, professor, MD in the Live Healthy program of Channel One, said: “The sugars that are contained in sugary carbonated beverages help bacteria that are in the oral cavity to grow. Bacteria grow and destroy enamel. And those acids that are in the composition of the drink, destroy both enamel and dentin.
And this leads to tooth decay. ” It remains to add that children’s enamel is only being formed, and if it is spoiled at such an early stage, then it will have to be restored very, very long and expensive.
Dmitry Shubin, neurologist, manual therapist on the First Channel: “Phosphorus binds calcium in the human intestine into a form that is not absorbed. Accordingly, calcium becomes low, so the body takes it out of the bones, causing the bone to become fragile.
The dense structure of the bone becomes friable, transparent on x-rays. All this leads to brittle bones, that is, to osteoporosis and to an increase in fractures. ”
Carbonated drinks are especially harmful to children whose bone system has not yet formed.
Many people think that by consuming the liquid, they quench their thirst. Far from it.
The sweet taste that remains in the mouth after soda makes us drink more and more. The composition of soda add substances that excite receptors: we drink more and more. Tongue receptors receive a fraudulent impulse of saturation, but in fact it is not water that comes in, but pure sugar, and the body needs more and more water to neutralize it.
In addition, caffeine is a diuretic: the body loses more fluid than it receives.
Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
Carbonic acid contained in soda causes irritation of the gastric mucosa and provokes inflammation and ulceration. This acid causes the accumulation of gas in the intestines and provokes swelling, stagnation, impaired digestion and digestion of food, bouts of pain.
Gases cause an expansion of the stomach, the acid begins to rise in the esophagus and causes heartburn and discomfort.
Nervous system disease
Aspartame (an artificial sweetener) is a source of phenylalanine, which alters the threshold of sensitivity of the nervous system and reduces the reserves of serotonin (the “joy hormone”). Therefore, if you use foods with aspartame in large doses, it can trigger the development of manic depression, panic attacks, anger and aggressiveness. This was proven by American scientists in a study involving 3,000 children.
Each of them consumed one or more carbonated drinks daily. As a result, scientists have found that regardless of the amount of carbonated drinks drunk, the child’s behavior becomes more violent and aggressive. “We found that the more non-alcoholic carbonated drinks children consumed, the more signs of aggressive behavior were noted,” said Dr. Shakira Suglia, lead author of the work.
Diseases of the cardiovascular system
Caffeine in large quantities in soda can cause arrhythmia and high blood pressure in children.
This does not apply to the drinks themselves, but to the aluminum cans in which they are sold. The fact is that on the inside they are coated with epoxy resin, called bisphenol A (BPA). It is necessary so that the acids contained in the soda do not react with the metal.
Scientifically proven that BPA has an effect on the human hormone system, causes infertility and various forms of cancer associated with the reproductive system.
Not long ago, Roskontrol conducted an examination of carbonated beverages, which are the most popular in Russia: Coca-Cola, Pepsi, “Baikal” and “Kryushon” (“Drinks from Chernovivka”), Laimon Fresh, “Favorite Buratino” (“Kavminprod”), Ascania, “Duchess” (“Old good traditions of Bobylevo”), “Tarkhunovy” (“Lagidze”).
As a result, it turned out that:
Carbonated drink Laimon Fresh has the most natural composition, it does not contain artificial food additives and transcendental amounts of sugar.
“Duchess” as a whole did not cause complaints, except for the presence of flavors and high sugar content.
Coca-cola and Pepsi do not contain artificial preservatives, but they contain a record amount of sugar. Just imagine that in one and a half liters of drink contains about 40 teaspoons!
This is the marginal rate of sugar that a child can get from all food for the whole day. In addition, a glass of Coca-Cola or Pepsi is equal in caffeine to a cup of freshly brewed coffee.
You do not give your children coffee? So why are you allowed to drink soda? In children, this amount of caffeine can cause trembling in the hands and tachycardia.
Orthophosphoric acid, which is used as a preservative, was also found in these drinks. In addition to the food industry, it is used, for example, in dentistry: with the help of it, tooth enamel is etched for sealing. Just imagine how much damage it can cause to weak baby teeth!
Also this acid is an excellent stain remover. Soak a stain in Kolya and wash the clothes in a typewriter.
Your blouse is like new! Coca-Cola perfectly removes scum, rust, with its help you can even unwind a rusty bolt.
In “Favorite Buratino”, experts from Roskontrol discovered artificial sweeteners not mentioned on the label, such as aspartame, acesulfate K, and sodium cyclamate. The manufacturers quickly changed the label, and the drink was removed from the “Black List”.
But the fact remains: sodium cyclamate is prohibited for pregnant women, and in the US there is a ban on the addition of this substance to food. Some scientists agree that aspartame can destroy nerve cells and subsequently lead to Alzheimer’s disease.
In the “Baikal” revealed excess phosphorus content. An excess of this substance is fraught with the development of diseases of the liver, intestines and kidneys.
“Kruchon” contains the preservative sodium benzoate, which is not natural. The presence of this substance causes an increased phosphorus content.
And although in the drink it is 20 times less than in Coca-Cola, however, more than it should be contained in lemonade on natural juices. The increased phosphorus content may also indicate the addition of phosphoric acid and phosphates to the “Kryushon” as an acidity regulator, which may adversely affect the fine children’s tooth enamel.
Ascania “Cherry” contains a synthetic dye E122 – Azorubine, not indicated on the label. In addition, the sugar content is 7.1% more than stated. The label states that the drink is medium carbonated, but experts have identified a discrepancy between the amount of carbon dioxide and this name and concluded that the lemonade is highly carbonated.
Azorubin adversely affects the attention and performance of children, and by law the manufacturer is obliged to indicate this on the label. Representatives of Roskontrol did not find such statements.
The drink “Tarhunovy” contains synthetic dyes (E104, E133), which the manufacturer also did not consider it necessary to indicate on the label.
It turns out that if the harmful substances contained in the drinks are indicated on the label, the producers of the bribe are smooth?
Professor Simon Capewell of the University of Liverpool says that sugar is the same tobacco. He argues that the food industry focuses on “the profits of ill health”, prompting people to go to doctors more often for help after they have spoiled their health with unhealthy foods. The professor urges the government to think about this and follow the example of California, which is considering placing warning information on the labels of carbonated drinks that can lead to diabetes, obesity, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and caries.
This issue is acute, as about 2/3 of the population suffer from obesity. In March last year, the country’s chief physician, Dame Sally Davis, launched an initiative to raise the tax on sugar, fast food, and soda.
According to one study, the average Briton consumes 12 tablespoons of sugar per day. But some adults consume 46 spoons.
- children under 3 years old
- people with chronic illnesses
- fat people or those who want to lose weight
- pregnant and lactating women
At the moment, the State Duma is considering the issue of protecting children from excessive consumption of carbonated beverages up to the prohibition of selling to persons under 14 years of age.