The child acquires the first observation skills in the first months of life, as conditioned reflexes are formed in him. At first he reacts to large, moving, bright objects, unusual sounds or smells, he perceives objects holistically, without detailing.
Then, during the game – already at preschool age – it begins to notice the details of the object, highlight the essential features, its individual properties (the wheel turns, the apron rustles). In the older preschool age, perception becomes more organized and “manageable”, which means that detailed observation is developed.
Observation is not an innate quality, it can and should be purposefully developed. In this child can help adults. Their task is to draw his attention to the essential signs, to teach to separate the most important from the secondary.
Adults acquaint the child with surrounding objects, help them to learn their names, answer the numerous questions of “why?” So children learn to generalize and differentiate subjects according to the most important features.
- The best form of developing perception and observation at preschool and younger school age is play. You can start playing with three-year-olds. In the game, they learn to distinguish and analyze the properties of objects – their color, shape, size, weight. Simultaneous implementation of game actions and movements fix the received information. From the point of view of the development of emotional intelligence, it is important that the child, while playing, receive an emotional charge of joy and interest.
- Drawing and modeling are also of great importance for the development of perception and observation. Transferring on paper, canvas or plasticine, clay, the contours of objects, distinguishing shades of colors, etc., children are taught to set themselves the task of observation.
- Active tools for the development of observation also serve as needlework or the creation of something on the model, taking into account the details. Examples include embroidery ribbons, threads, beads for girls, constructors, or “DIY” crafts for boys.
Observation can be poeticly called refinement of perception. It is, of course, associated with attention, and in particular, with the ability to concentrate. Tests and exercises for the development of observation often contain tasks for training attention, visual memory: find the differences, see what has changed (look in the picture of hidden little animals, numbers, etc.).
Board games can also contribute to the development of observation, especially those that emphasize attention to detail (memorizing combinations of numbers, action algorithms, etc.). These are well-known chess, checkers, and strategic, abstract, adventure games (for example, Carcassonne, Monopoly, Uno, Erudite).
They all teach concentration, concentration, memorization, and at the same time contribute to the development of interaction between players, the ability to negotiate and other social and communication skills. So, in the board game Interesville.
Journey to the magical land of emotions ”develops observation of people, their emotions, mood (this kind of observation is the most important life skill)!
To wake up the inquisitiveness of the mind of your offspring, often ask questions about everything around: why the sky is blue, why the grass is green, why the apple falls to the ground and does not fly into space … by the way! Here it is important not to give up the answer to the fate of fate, but to help the child find the answer if he cannot do it himself, or tell him where to look.
Ask and answer emotionally, with humor, be surprised and surprise your child, and as a result you will develop curiosity, and then observation.
Here are some simple exercises to develop mindfulness and observation.
- On the way to kindergarten or just for a walk, count the given objects (for example, only red cars or only birch trees). Show your imagination: you can also scroll through books at home, noting on the pages of all animals or smiling characters (picture books with lots of details on them). Another version of this game: look around and find items that have a circle (square, triangle, etc.).
- The seasons are a great topic to watch. You can go out with a camera and take pictures, for example, signs of spring, or just look for them, notice, count. You can take pictures of the same tree during the year, and then make a slide show or a presentation out of photos – you’ll have a movie!
- In most cases, everyone goes by the same routes – to the kindergarten, to the playground, to the store. So, it is possible to compare what was yesterday and what is today. Look at the familiar landscape with your child: try to determine what has changed and what remains the same. A good exercise is to try to see something new or unusual in everyday things. Every day, mark something that just eluded your attention yesterday.
- You ride the bus. Ask the child to close their eyes and ask how the person who is sitting in front of you is dressed. This task can be performed anywhere. At the playground, you can ask your child to close their eyes and name the eyes and hair color (or clothes) of those with whom he plays.
- Faces of people – a special theme for the development of observation. Let the child learn to “read” the emotions of people by their faces (joy, sadness, anger, delight, etc.). Reason together on this topic. This is a good skill, not only developing observation, but also coaching empathy, which is very useful for the development of emotional intelligence.
Watch with the kids! This will allow to develop curiosity, to obtain a variety of information about the world, to make the knowledge of the child interesting and exciting.