In accordance with Article 3 of the Federal Law of the Russian Federation “On the right of citizens of the Russian Federation to freedom of movement, choice of place of residence and residence within the Russian Federation” dated 06.25.1993, No. 5242-1, citizens of the Russian Federation are obliged to register at the place of stay and at the place of residence within the Russian Federation. The list of documents required for registration of a child at the place of residence is defined in paragraph 28 of the “Rules for Registration and Removal of Citizens of the Russian Federation from Registration at the Place of Stay and Place of Residence”, approved by the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of July 17, 1995 No. 713. To register a baby at the place of residence of the parents (or one of the parents), you must provide the following documents:
- identity documents of parents (passport);
- birth certificate of the child.
Registration is the entry of information about the child in the home (apartment) books or alphabet cards of the parents. A child can be registered both at the place of residence of the mother and at the place of residence of the father. Registration of children (as well as parents) at the place of residence is currently handled by the bodies of the Federal Migration Service of the Russian Federation, that is, simply put, well-known passport desks for you at the REU.
Please note that the consent of the rest of the family, as well as the landlord and tenant when living in a dwelling under a social rental contract — in other words, in a non-privatized apartment (art. 70 of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation, art.
679 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation). That is, if your mother, for example, is a responsible tenant or sole owner of a privatized apartment, her consent to register your child is not required.
It is enough that you, the mother of the baby, are constantly registered on the specified living space.
Unfortunately, in practice there are cases when the requirements of the employees of the passport office are not limited to the limits established by law. To register a child, you may be asked for the consent of the owner of the apartment (if you are not), the consent of other family members with whom you live, and even the consent of the other spouse. What to do in such cases?
Try to refer to specific laws and ask for a written denial of registration. If they do not give it to you, invite two witnesses and draw up an act in an arbitrary form about the refusal of registration received (this includes your data, the data of both witnesses and the time, place, official data and circumstances of the refusal). As a rule, this is enough to solve the problem.
If no witnesses were found, find out the rank and surname of the employee. In this case, you have the opportunity to apply to the territorial bodies of the Federal Migration Service and the Federal Migration Service of Russia, who are required to consider your written request within 30 days and send you a notice of the decision.
And the decision made by the FMS authorities does not limit your right to go to court.
Find out in the children’s district clinic, where the points of issue of policies OMS.
In the case of temporary (at least 90 days) stay of children in residential premises that are not their place of permanent residence (for example, with a grandmother), registration of children at the place of stay is required. At the same time, unlike the child’s registration at the place of permanent residence, a child can be registered at the passport office not only on the basis of parents’ documents, but also other close relatives (in addition to parents, the Family Code also includes grandmothers, grandfathers, brothers and sisters) if these close relatives are with their children in the appropriate place of temporary residence.
The law includes any residential premises that are not a place of permanent residence, including hotels, motels, hospitals, campgrounds, etc., as places of temporary stay. When a child is registered at the place of temporary stay, his registration at the place of permanent residence is preserved.
The next step after the child’s registration at the place of residence will be the receipt of the compulsory health insurance policy (OMS) and the attachment of the baby to the district clinic. Strictly speaking, the so-called postpartum patronage is made before this point, when a health worker comes to the newborn baby from the polyclinic for some time.
However, this free medical care is provided by the state on the basis of the medical insurance of the mother, and not the child. Subsequent (beyond the framework of postpartum patronage) free medical care that a child can provide at the clinic, is ensured by compulsory medical insurance of the child, which parents must take care of in advance.
In order to receive the CHI policy on the baby, parents must contact one of the insurance companies with the appropriate application. To do this, in the nearest clinic you need to find out what insurance company it cooperates with and where are the points of issue of policies OMS.
When contacting the insurers, parents need to have their passports with them, as well as the birth certificate of the child. Some insurance companies also require an extract from the house book or a certificate of registration of the child at the place of residence. After receiving the MHI policy, the child can be registered at the district clinic in the place of residence.
At the same time, the child receives the right to free medical care at the expense of the Fund of Compulsory Medical Insurance and local budgets as part of the annually approved programs of state guarantees of providing free medical care to citizens of the Russian Federation.
What do those who have a permanent registration does not coincide with the place of actual residence? In this case, during the stay in the maternity hospital, you must specify the address where the newborn will be located after discharge. Then the information about you and your baby will go to the clinic at the place of your actual residence, and from there postpartum patronage will be carried out.
However, the OMS policy for the child will need to contact the insurance company at the place of permanent registration. Then, with the already prepared MHI policy, you can attach to the clinic, with the medical staff that you already met during the patronage.
To do this, just write a statement addressed to the head physician.
In the event that a child has only registration at the place of stay, the insurance company will issue a temporary MHI policy, which will be automatically renewed with the extension of registration at the place of stay.