Главная 7 Child development 7 In good shape: to be or not to be?

In good shape: to be or not to be?

In good shape: to be or not to be?

Increased muscle tone is not a disease, but one of the manifestations of problems in the work of the nervous system. There are several reasons for the appearance of hypertonus.

1. In babies of the first months of life, an increase in muscle tone is most often a symptom of perinatal encephalopathy (PEP), the main cause of which is hypoxia, that is, oxygen starvation of the brain and other organs and tissues of an unborn baby. It may appear due to:

  • chronic diseases of the mother: problems with the kidneys, liver, cardiovascular system; endocrine disorders or infections (chlamydia, toxoplasmosis, herpes);
  • difficult childbirth;
  • bad habits (smoking, taking sedatives), malnutrition or harmful work of the future mother.

Disorders of muscle tone due to AED can be mild (last for two months), moderate (from two months and longer) and severe when the recovery period takes more than a year.

2. The appearance of hypertonus is associated with trauma received during childbirth. In this case, the problems will be concentrated in a specific area of ​​the body, for example, in the right arm and leg, or in two legs at once.

3. Hemolytic disease of the newborn, which may occur due to the incompatibility of the Rh factor of the mother and baby.

During the examination, the neurologist will clarify the reason for the appearance of disorders of muscle tone and prescribe treatment. He will determine when it is better to start, how long to continue and whether to repeat.

As a rule, the treatment includes massage, physiotherapy, physiotherapy. In some cases, children are prescribed medications (stimulants of metabolic processes in the nervous system, vitamins B1, B6, B12, glutamic acid, vascular preparations).

In order not to be mistaken in the conclusions, it is necessary to examine the child at the moment when he is calm. The main thing is not to make sharp movements and remember that the position of the head affects the state of the tone in infants: if you turn it to the left, the left hand and foot will unbend, and the right ones will bend, and vice versa.

Pay attention to how actively the baby moves and whether its movements are symmetrical. In case of violation of the tone, they can be slow or, on the contrary, sharp, throwing.

Normal muscle tone in newborns is somewhat elevated. However, if, when dressing your baby, you notice that his legs are difficult to bend and spread, consult a doctor.

The second important point: place the child on the legs and observe if he does not cross the feet and does not rest on the fingers. Share your observations with the doctor.

Incorrect, or rather, not peculiar to age, provisions can also mean the beginning of problems. For example, if a child keeps his head confidently from birth, it means that the extensor muscle of the back muscles is so high that the head began to fall back.

О admin

x

Check Also

Medical opinion on the root causes of childhood stress

The study of perinatal damage to the nervous system is an extremely topical issue of ...

Psychological labels: how parents hang them on children

Three-year-old Polina has recently enthusiastically explored the different facets of her female charms: she looks ...

Bandage to help the expectant mother

Bandages belong to the category of underwear, which, depending on the destination, is worn during ...

Pregnancy: the beginning of the path

This trimester lasts twelve weeks (the term is considered to be from the date of ...

Children, what do you miss?

“As soon as Sveta (3 years) sees a child with any toy, she immediately starts ...

Traveler’s First Aid Kit

Means for cleansing abrasions, scratches, wounds: 3% hydrogen peroxide, potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate) or furatsilin ...

No reason to panic: 7 “normal” symptoms in a child under one year old

POSSIBLE CAUSE: A child is teething. This will indicate whitened, swollen gums, swelling or bump ...

Neither hot nor cold

The main principle that must be followed when choosing clothes for a baby is as ...

High Security Limits

In Soviet times, the life of the baby was painted by the minute. The slightest ...

In a new way

Planning a new, rich in vitamins and minerals diet, do not forget about the quality ...

Types of cough: how long to endure it?

Cough is a protective reaction of the body. Thanks to him, the airways are cleaned ...

Before the wedding heals!

Raise the baby and calm. That you have to encourage both of you. Small scratches ...

Evening whims

Baby crying is a healthy reaction to irritants. The child still does not know how ...

Sandbox games: how to make them useful to a child

How is autonomy related to sandbox games? If you think about it, every new skill ...

I think of my son as a beloved man “

In the life of the mother-child couple, there is a period when mother and baby ...

Anton Privolov: Absolute happiness

HAPPY PARENTS How did your family begin? ANTON PRIVOLNOV From acquaintance in the School of ...

World Lessons: Pedagogical Principles in Different Countries

Finnish children start school at the age of 7, just like in Russia (before that, ...

Tricks of laying at night

Problems with nighttime sleep in varying degrees, affect 30% of children. But according to the ...

The house in which the child lives

The ideal option is to have your own room. Every kid periodically has a desire ...

Chorion biopsy, amniocentesis and cordocentesis: what is the difference

Modern prenatal diagnosis is 2 types – non-invasive and invasive. In the first case we ...

The holiday is not only gifts!

Get ready. Start by gathering information: read about how the celebration is celebrated in your ...

Myths and truth about male cosmetics

A strong half of humanity is time to say goodbye to the stereotype “cosmetics is ...

My baby bites

Which parent doesn’t want his child to grow up kind and welcoming? But the spectrum ...

Adult chickenpox

At once it is necessary to make a clarification: for the so-called “children’s” diseases, the ...