So, what is the main danger for our skin in the fall and winter?
First, it is cold itself. Any cooling causes blood vessels to constrict, moisture “migrates” to the deeper layers of the skin, slows down the metabolism and, therefore, worsens cell nutrition. The result is dry and irritated skin.
The second adverse factor is the gusting wind. It promotes additional evaporation of moisture and, as a result, causes skin dryness.
Our next “enemy” is frequent temperature drops. When you exit the warm room on the street there is an instant change of vascular tone. Many small vessels and vessels located on the skin surface do not withstand such training and “drive us into the paint.”
Well, finally, central heating. Excessively dry and warm air steadily aggravates dehydration of the skin.
Interesting fact: in many women, the skin becomes oily during the warm season, and dry during the cold (the release of sebum slows down in winter). If you are accustomed to using not creams, but gels for oily skin, then with the onset of cold weather you can do the following: buy a cream from the same line and apply it on those areas that have become drier (cheeks, nose area), on the rest ( forehead and chin) continue to use the gel.
In the autumn and winter period, the rules of daily care are turned upside down. During the day, saturated nourishing creams are used, and at night they are replaced by moisturizing “like-minded people”. Their mission is to create a protective film on the surface of the skin before going out (barrier against adverse weather conditions), and to provide additional “irrigation” to the skin before going to bed.
If your skin is dry, then choose a cream with a rich texture, if oily – light, if it is very oily, you can refuse the nourishing cream and even use a moisturizing cream in the morning.
In order to feel as comfortable as possible with the onset of cold weather, it is important:
- drink plenty of fluids – it speeds up the metabolism.
- take vitamin complexes containing fatty acids (omega 3 and 6), – indispensable for keeping skin in tone.
- increase consumption of salmon, avocado, nuts. These products, which are useful in all respects, nourish the skin with moisture and improve its structure. And the nutrients contained in them act as a barrier to external irritants and allergens.
- in the morning after washing, apply nourishing cream with avocado oil, cocoa, jojoba on the skin, which will protect it from frostbite during the day.
- in the evening, apply a moisturizer with aloe vera, hyaluronic acid, seaweed extract, thermal plankton. The cosmetologist of the Beauty and Health Center “On Gilyarovsky”, Lyudmila Kulbuzheva, suggests applying a moisturizer to the face immediately after cleansing. So it will help keep moisture on the surface of the skin. Note that in the evening you should not use a cream with SPF-filters, because its structure can lead to clogging of the pores. Do not forget that the neck and décolleté area also need care. Indeed, under high collars and scarves, the skin weakens and fades.
- Ventilate the bedroom well before bedtime, and if possible use a humidifier throughout the night. After all, if you measure the level of moisture in the rooms, then it will be no more than 30%, and for our skin you need 70-80%.
Autumn-winter period is most favorable for various peelings. First of all, because at this time the sun is less active and it will be easier to avoid side effects, such as age spots. However, in order not to damage the protective barrier of the skin, do not use scrubs with large abrasive particles, prefer soft gels, enzymatic peelings or cleansing masks based on clay (white for oily skin, red for dry).
In the old days in Russia, in icy time, they greased their faces with goose fat to avoid frostbite. Modern drugs, fortunately, are not as fat (although quite thick), but no less effective. Their task is to saturate the skin with nutrients and serve as an “anti-stress.” As part of our “charms,” vitamins C, E, A and lipids play an especially important role.
They act as a shield at the same time and against the wind, cold and dry indoor air. However, components that facilitate the processes of skin regeneration do not lose their relevance: fruit acids, panthenol, aloe and ginseng extracts, Karite oil.
And remember that in the cold season, all creams and balms are applied to the skin at least half an hour (or even better an hour) before going out.
Perhaps the most vulnerable area on the face are the lips, especially if you have a habit of kissing in the wind or often licking them. In this case, the delicate skin of the lips quickly begins to peel off and crack. To protect our mouths under the power of balms and hygienic lipsticks with special ingredients:
- panthenol (restores damaged skin);
- glycerin (moisturizes);
- shea butter, sage and almond oil (nourish well);
- sea buckthorn and thermal water (relieve irritation);
- beeswax (creates a protective coating);
- Vitamins A and E (soften the skin).
Always keep these “magic wands” at hand and use them as often as possible. For a make-up during the period of cooling, choose fatter lipsticks, especially those that include a moisturizing guru – hyaluronic acid.
To give the skin a radiant and fresh look cosmetologist of the Center for Health and Beauty “On Gilyarovsky”, Pushnova Alexandra recommends making hot compresses from herbs.
You will need: chamomile pharmacy, calendula, St. John’s wort, rowan fruits (you can buy at any pharmacy). They need to be mixed.
Next, 3 tablespoons of the mixture is placed in an enameled bowl, poured with a glass of hot water, tightly covered with a lid and left in a water bath for 15 minutes. Liquids must be infused for 30 minutes at room temperature.
Dip a thin terry cloth into the infusion and squeeze. Put a hot lotion (ideal temperature of 38 degrees) on the face and leave for 10-15 minutes.
It is advisable to complete the procedure by applying a nourishing cream or face mask.