If you are worried before new water procedures, before starting independent homework with a newborn, carefully study the special literature, and even better, ask for advice from more experienced mothers and ask one of them to be present at the first dive. Or, for the first time, invite a professional instructor home.
He will help you to master the technique of movements, explain how to properly perform support, advise what to do next and, most importantly, morally support.
Determined and self-confident moms (especially if there is a dad or grandmother next to them), it is quite possible to start the first classes independently.
You can start the first swims immediately after the baby has a navel wound. During the first three months of life, a regular home bath is suitable for swimming lessons.
Although, imagine, there are cases when newborn swimmers felt great and swam even in large aquariums!
The most important thing at the beginning is to give the baby an opportunity to get used to the water and to feel confidence in it. It is very important to give your child his peace of mind and confidence: then he will like to swim.
Especially since before birth he was in that “swimming” state in his mother’s stomach.
Select the temperature of the water in the bath individually. Water should not be too warm, it relaxes.
And the child must move, and move actively! At the initial stage, the temperature of 35.5–36 degrees is quite suitable. Then, with each new lesson or through a lesson, you can reduce it by half a degree and gradually bring it to the usual – “pool” – temperature of 28–29 degrees.
Take your time, watch the reaction of the baby. If you see that he is cold and uncomfortable, add warm water.
Immerse the baby in the water vertically, gently saying the words of encouragement.
If the child is calm, move him to a horizontal position on the back, as during bathing, firmly supporting the bottom. And finally – begin to perform the main cycle of real swimming exercises: wiring along the entire length of the bath, the “eight”, pushing the legs away from the bath wall.
The last exercise, most children perform especially willingly, and the happy smile of a little swimmer will be your reward.
Repeat the entire posting cycle, turning the baby on the tummy. Alternate basic exercises with swaying in the water.
This is necessary so that the baby feels the water better.
The duration of classes should increase over time – from 8–10 minutes in the first weeks of a baby’s life to 20 minutes by the third month. But if you notice signs of fatigue (the child is naughty, begins to arch), finish the water treatment.
When your baby is 3 months old, think seriously about going to a real pool. The advantages of practicing in the pool are obvious: the water level is much higher here, keeping the child is much easier.
You will stand in the water with the baby, and not in a tilted pose above the bath.
Classes are held here in groups of no more than 5–6 people so that the instructor can give each pair of “parent + baby” enough attention. The lesson lasts an average of 45 minutes.
First, the instructor explains the exercise and swims with the child. At this time, just watch and try to memorize the movements of the mentor.
Then you yourself will repeat his actions under strict control. Soon the baby will begin to swim and dive from the instructor to the mother and back.
Usually the complex includes several different exercises. If any of them (for example, diving) you do not like or seem untimely, it is quite possible to skip it.
Despite the common opinion that infants of infancy do not need to communicate with their peers too much, collective swimming lessons completely refute this point of view. During the lessons in the pool, even the smallest swimmers are drawn to each other, they look around with pleasure and even try to copy the actions of their peers.
Surprisingly, the spirit of competition is inherent in even three-month-old babies! After 6–9 months of regular classes, the child will be able to dive and swim quite independently.
By the year the baby is already beginning to understand that you can coordinate your efforts, rise above the water and take a breath. The main thing – always control the little swimmer and be close to him.
It is believed that it is better to go to the pool with the baby 2-3 times a week. But homework can be daily.
It is better to teach one-year-old children to swim immediately in special groups. Classes for children of this age are conducted in a game form.
The instructor, together with his parents, creates a trusting atmosphere: the child is happy to be included in the overall game. Gradually swimming in the water and under the water with you will become for the baby one of the most favorite activities.
And after five (maximum ten) lessons, the baby will surely start swimming by itself.
If the pool has a sauna, try to go there for 1-2 minutes in between exercises. You can arrange a rinse under the shower.
Make the water a little cooler than in the pool, and carry the child under the water jets. This procedure has an excellent tempering effect and a beneficial effect on the overall tone of the body.
The regularity of visits to the pool is very important. Acquired skills are quickly lost.
But, truth, they are easily restored: in a couple of lessons, the kid will remember everything he was taught.
The most popular form of recreation – the sea – provides an opportunity to acquaint the child with a huge body of water. In addition, we all know that sea water, because of the abundance of salt, supports the body much better.
Even if your child does not know how to swim at all, you can conduct the initial lessons yourself.
Exercise 1. Put the child on the water, holding with two hands under the back. Explain to the baby that he should relax. Let him easily and calmly lower the arms and legs into the water.
Hold it on two hands and move it wide movements on the surface of the water. Then do the same, only on one hand.
Then repeat this exercise with a coup on the tummy.
The most important thing is to properly explain to the child so that he can hold on to the surface of the water for as long as possible. Bottom line: the baby must learn to keep an asterisk on the water.
Exercise 2. Play with a toddler in the water in a very fun game “Move your legs like a frog, wave your hands like a bird.” The child willingly, with great pleasure, will repeat all movements after you.
Exercise 3. Arrange in the water games to hold your breath. First, teach your baby to blow on the water so that the waves are produced.
Work out a strong expiration technique. You can blow a light boat or any toy so that it moves through the water from your breath.
Then immerse your mouth in water and repeat the same in water. Then a spout may fall under the water – try to master the breath hold. The very last stage is the immersion of the head under water.
Offer a little restless fun competition – who will stay longer under water.
After the child learns to float, you can move on to learning swimming movements. If you feel you are not ready for such activities, then it is better to entrust this to the instructor in the pool to which you will sign up after returning from the trip.