The main secret of successful protection against viruses is the constant and strict observance of the rules of hygiene and proper behavior when dealing with potential virus carriers.
To do this, first of all all family members need to be taught to regularly wash their hands with soap and water. Sounds trite?
But ask your husband how often when he comes to the office, he first greets the hand with all the colleagues he met, then turns on the computer, makes a cup of coffee. But this is the notorious exchange of viruses, which may well lead to familial micro-epidemic.
In addition, it is important for both children and adults to remember that in public transport (especially in the midst of seasonal diseases) it is better to ride with gloves and not be embarrassed to settle out from coughing and sneezing passengers. Restricting visits to public places in an epidemic season is, of course, quite problematic, but it is sometimes useful to think about whether it is worth taking the child once more with you, for example, to a shopping center or visiting another place where people gather.
Any premises, especially with industrial ventilation (offices and educational institutions), should be aired regularly, preventing the circulation of viruses in a confined environment. It is recommended to use air humidifiers.
Once in the humid air, the virus particles become quite large and therefore settle on the floor.
Proper balanced nutrition, containing the necessary amount of biologically significant micro and macro elements, vitamins, regular physical exertion, hardening – all this helps to strengthen the overall condition of the body, including immunity. But it should be understood that prevention should be addressed not only during the season of winter infections.
For example, the same tempering is useful for a prepared child without chronic diseases in the correct period. They are better off not in September and October, when children go to an organized group after the holidays, but in summer, when the child is free from new contacts.
After all, this procedure is still the load on his body, including the immune system.
It is also important for children to provide ample opportunities for training immunity. In other words, avoid excessive wrapping in warm clothes, do not be afraid of children’s groups.
If necessary, you should resort to competent drug support of the body.
Treatment of SARS and influenza can be divided into the withdrawal of symptoms and the fight against the virus itself. The rules of symptomatic treatment of acute respiratory viral infections are well known: bed rest (at least for the first three or four days of illness), regular airing and moistening of the rooms, plenty of warm drinks and, if necessary, taking antipyretic and analgesic drugs.
Depending on the symptoms, the doctor may also prescribe nasal drops and cough medicines.
It should be possible to isolate the sick in a separate room, it is recommended mask mode, especially for the sick patient (in moments of visiting public places). By limiting transmission of the pathogen from the patient to others in this way, the risk of spreading the infection decreases.
Contact prophylaxis, regular use of aerosols for irrigation of the nasal cavity, treatment of premises and door handles with standard detergents, separate dishes for a sick patient – all this helps reduce the risk of transmission of pathogens. And of course, it is important to use tools that increase the immune response of all family members.
The cause of the unpleasant symptoms of ARVI is a virus attack, which the immune system could not fight off. It is important to help the body fight the virus itself, suppressing its reproduction and vigorous activity.
Especially for this, modern antiviral drugs have been developed.
For example, the drug “Kagocel”, whose action is based on the ability to activate the body’s production of its own interferons (special proteins that help isolate and destroy viruses), can be used not only at the first signs of the disease, but also for the so-called late treatment (even fourth day from the onset of the disease) in adults and children from three years. It is also suitable for routine and emergency (after contact with ill) prevention of influenza and ARVI.
For completeness, let’s find out from the leading researcher of the clinical department of infectious pathology of the Central Research Institute of Epidemiology of Rospotrebnadzor, MD Denis Usenko, MD, why experts prefer interferon inductors.