For physicians who monitor pregnancy, patient weights are of particular importance. Its surplus is the first signal of the appearance of problems. So try to weigh yourself at home.
It is better to do this in the morning, on an empty stomach and in the same clothes, so that the results obtained can be compared later.
In the first 2–3 months, until the baby and the mother only adapt to each other, the pregnant woman almost does not gain weight (the limit is 1–2 kg). Moreover, at this time it can be bothered by toxicosis, which often has the opposite effect.
Major events occur from the 28th week of pregnancy, when the weekly increase averages 250–300 g. If the process goes faster, it can mean problems.
For all 9 months of pregnancy, the expectant mother should add 10−12 kg. It is believed that starting from 30 weeks of gestation, a woman’s weight increases by about 50 g per day, 300–400 g per week and not more than 2 kg per month. The doctor also has a scale of average physiological weight gain in the last 3 months of pregnancy.
A weekly weight gain should not exceed 22 grams for every 10 cm of height. This means that with a height of 150 cm a woman can gain 330 g per week, with a growth of 160 cm – 352 g, and at 180 cm – 400 g
If the weight of the expectant mother before the pregnancy was below the norm, due to the initial deficit she has the right to gain more. And, on the contrary, if the weight of a woman before pregnancy exceeded the norm, it is wiser to add less.
You can do this by changing the diet: priority – vegetables, fruits and foods containing proteins.
Excess weight gain may depend on various circumstances: the child’s weight (large baby), the amount of adipose tissue (weight gain at its initial deficiency), amniotic fluid (in case of high water) and tissue fluid (if fluid is retained in the body). If the first 2 circumstances are normal, then the latter are the problem.
■ Polyhydramnios (from 1.5 liters) can appear during multiple pregnancies, diabetes mellitus, and serious forms of Rh-conflict.
■ Fluid retention in the body is the starting point from which complications can begin. Too intense weight gain, which is usually accompanied by hidden edema, leads to late toxicosis of pregnancy (gestosis).
Influence the weight of the child through food restrictions is impossible. Despite the severity of my mother’s diet, he will take his own and, most likely, will be born with a normal body weight. From restrictions in food does not gain weight only mom herself.
In addition, due to the fact that she refuses to feed herself, she may have anemia, a disease in which the hemoglobin content that delivers oxygen to organs and tissues is reduced in the blood.
How many kilograms an expectant mother will get better depends on many reasons.
Age: the older the woman, the greater the tendency to corpulence.
Initial weight: the greater the deficit, the more kilograms it has the right to add.
Weight loss due to early toxicosis: after experiencing a deficiency, the body will try to compensate for the loss of kilograms.
Features of the constitution: whether there is a tendency to be overweight or thin.
Child size: a large mother’s mother (more than 4000 g) has the right to put on weight more than if she expected a small child to be born.
Increased appetite: the unbridled desire to eat adds extra pounds.
And now let’s see what those 10−12 kilograms of weight acquired by the expectant mother “go” to. Indeed, because if she recovered for the pregnancy, as was said, by 12 kg and she had a child weighing 3 kg 300 g, where are the other kilos? They are distributed like this:
- child – 3300 g;
- uterus – 900 g;
- placenta – 400 g;
- amniotic fluid – 900 g;
- an increase in the volume of circulating blood – 1200 g;
- mammary glands – 500 g;
- adipose tissue – 2200 g;
- tissue fluid – 2700 g