In the first 6 days after conception, the embryo leads an active lifestyle – it “travels”, moving along the fallopian tube. Then it enters the uterine cavity and under the action of pregnancy hormone progesterone (it is produced by the ovaries) is attached to the mucous membrane of its wall (the so-called implantation occurs).
The uterine mucosa, which at the beginning of the menstrual cycle is usually rejected and goes outside, will now remain in place and will grow, ensuring the development of the future baby. So if the embryo attachment took place, which we learn from the absence of menstruation, then the pregnancy has begun.
Watch yourself: are you not sick, have you not been vomiting, do you feel sleepy, do you want to cry, are you pulling on salty?
At the 5th – 8th week of pregnancy, the yellow body of the ovary, which produces progesterone, reaches the peak of its development and causes a real hormonal explosion in the woman’s body. Because of this, the expectant mother is often crying, irritable, gets tired quickly, and edema can appear on her face.
In addition, at the 5th – 6th week of pregnancy, a mother-to-child relationship is established “through the umbilical cord”, which the woman literally feels for herself: most often during this period, signs of pregnancy begin to appear. Nausea and vomiting are often worse, the breast becomes more sensitive and even painful, the skin around the nipples darkens.
Light discharge from the vagina becomes stronger – this is due to a rush of blood to the growing uterus. Do not worry, because your body reacts to what is happening, and for the development of the baby, these signs are not dangerous.
They only confirm that you are pregnant.
And the most accurate result will give a special analysis of urine or blood to determine the level of human chorionic gonadotropin (CG). It begins to be produced by the cells of the placenta precursor after implantation occurs.
During the first visit, the doctor examines the woman and manually determines the size of the uterus to figure out how long it will be pregnant: at 6 weeks, the uterus will be like a chicken egg, at 8 weeks – as a female fist, at the 12th – as the head of a newborn. Then the doctor takes into account the date of the first day of the last menstruation – it is believed that from that moment the uterine lining begins to prepare for pregnancy.
But the most accurate information about the waiting period is given by ultrasound research, with its help the dimensions of the future baby are measured.
For the first 6 days of life, the embryo lives autonomously, like a chicken in an egg, feeds on its own reserves and is in no way connected with mom. After the implantation occurs, a connection occurs between the child and the woman through the umbilical cord and the branching chorion (it forms at the site of attachment of the ovum to the lining of the uterus).
By the 16th week, a placenta is formed from the branching chorion, through which the baby will receive nutrients and oxygen for its development.
Waiting for the birth of a baby is conventionally divided into three parts: I trimester – from the beginning of pregnancy to the 13th week, II trimester – from the 14th to the 26th week, and III trimester – from the 27th to 40th week.
The sooner, the better, and always in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. An obstetrician-gynecologist from the antenatal clinic will assess the condition of your body and, if necessary, refer you to additional examinations and consultations.
If nausea or vomiting occurs 1–2 times a day and you can cope with these troubles yourself, it means that this is not an early toxicosis, but a sign that the pregnancy declares itself. Then you probably do not need the help of a doctor.
Another thing, if toxicosis raged in earnest: attacks of vomiting occur about 8 times a day, and any piece of food or a sip of water makes you run to the toilet. In this case, you need to consult a doctor – because of vomiting, dehydration can occur, which as a result will not have the best effect on the work of the cardiovascular system.
Of course, these and other problems do not need you or the baby.
This happens at the beginning of the second trimester of pregnancy (it “starts” from the 14th week) when the placenta begins to work in full force and becomes a kind of barrier between the woman and the child, thanks to which some problems from the direct “communication” of the future mother and baby are smoothed out. In addition, hormonal changes in the beginning of waiting cease to be news to the body.
Eat often, in small portions and what you want. Before getting out of bed, eat a cookie or an apple, have a light snack before bedtime.
Drink herbal tea (mint, ginger), do not eat spicy and fatty foods, and also avoid strong odors, smoky and stuffy rooms.
Fainting during pregnancy is not uncommon. The future mother needs to be laid on a flat surface – so that her head is below the level of the heart, give her strong sweet tea to drink, open the windows in the room.
To avoid fainting in the future, take a walk and stay away from stuffy rooms and smoking companies.
They can occur on days of anticipated menstruation and more often in women who, before pregnancy, had problems with the menstrual cycle (when ovulation did not occur in the middle of the cycle, but before menstruation). Rather, call an ambulance: the appearance of such discharge is a reason for going to the hospital.
If it turns out that the cause of the events lies in hormonal deficiency, you will need to be examined, and the miscarriage specialist will prescribe the necessary therapy for you. If this is due to the incorrect location of the branched chorion, which can be ascertained during an ultrasound examination, you will be advised to lie more and take sedatives.
Pulling pains sometimes occur in expectant mothers in the lower abdomen and on the sides. They can cause the tension of the round ligaments of the growing uterus.
At such moments, you need to lie down comfortably, calm down, you can enter a candle with papaverine into the rectum. If the pain persists, call an ambulance: it is not safe to tolerate them.
- A fetal egg is a future baby, which at this stage is a tiny but complex multicellular organism.
- The corpus luteum of the ovary is the name of the site, which is formed in the 2nd half of the cycle at the site of the bursting follicle (from which, at the time of ovulation, the ovule ready for fertilization appears). The corpus luteum begins to produce the hormone progesterone, “guarding” the pregnancy.
- Implantation – attachment of the ovum to the mucous membrane of the uterine wall. This process takes about 40 hours.
- Ectopic pregnancy is an unsafe problem for a woman’s well-being. If the gestational egg does not reach the uterus, gets stuck in the fallopian tube (for example, because there is a narrowing in some place) and begins to grow there, with time it will “tear” the tube from the inside.
- Branched chorion – the so-called education, which appears on the 9th day after conception, to help supply the future baby with nutrients and prepare a “place” for a full-fledged “nurse” – the placenta. The transfer of “watch” occurs at 16 weeks gestation.
- Progesterone is a hormone that helps reduce the tone of the uterus to ensure the smooth development of pregnancy.
- The tone of the uterus is elevated – this condition threatens abortion, because with its onset, the muscles of the uterus should be slightly relaxed. To understand whether this is so, the expectant mother will be referred for an ultrasound.
If you are “pulling on salty”, do not limit yourself: now you can eat almost anything you want, just not very much. Try to keep in your diet dairy products (which contain calcium, necessary for the formation of bones of the future baby), meat, juices, fruits and vegetables.
Do not forget about foods that contain fiber and help the intestines work.
First of all, try to sleep at least 8–10 hours, go to bed early and try to rest during the day. All this is necessary so that the future baby will be comfortable in your stomach and he will receive the required amount of nutrients and oxygen (and all this will come to him through your blood).
More fresh air, for example, before going to bed, walk with your husband. If you get nauseous in the morning, eat before getting out of bed, cookies or an apple.
Such a problem often arises from the fact that in the morning the blood sugar level is low, and a small “snack” will help you quickly bring it back to normal.
Radical life changes will be needed only if your work involves the risk of infection, if you spend a lot of time in contact with chemicals or with a computer. In this case, it is worth thinking about vacation, not waiting for the decree. The fact is that in the first 8 weeks there is a laying of all the organs and systems of the unborn child and any harmful influence (chemical, radiation, viruses, nicotine, alcohol) can disrupt this responsible process.
And another thing: during the first ultrasound examination, the doctor will determine where the placenta is: if it is normal and there are no problems during pregnancy, then you should not deny yourself sex.
Your body. The uterus, which was the size of a mandarin before pregnancy, begins to grow.
The chest is tense and very sensitive, sometimes painful.
Kid. It grows like a soap bubble, and in appearance resembles a small auricle 4–5 mm in size. While it is called an embryo, it floats in the amniotic fluid and during the first 6 days of pregnancy is in no way associated with the mother.
His heart begins to work on the 21st day after conception, at the same time his brain and spinal cord are forming. By the end of the first month, the baby acquires the umbilical cord, which connects it with the future placenta.
Your body. The chest continues to grow in size.
The uterus is also growing, but since it is still in the pelvis, your pregnancy is not noticeable to anyone.
Kid. The size of the embryo is about 3-4 cm, weight is 2–8 g. His facial features begin to appear, eye cavities appear, pens, legs and fingers are formed, internal organs are laid down: the digestive system, the liver, the kidneys, the urinary tract.
Your body. The uterus fills the pelvis and comes to the heart.
Just a little bit, and everyone will see that you are pregnant!
Kid. The embryo becomes an embryo. It weighs from 45 g to 65 g, and in length reaches from 10 cm to 12 cm.
The child moves his arms and legs, clenches his fists, nods his head, and the eyelids that appear appear to allow him to close and open his eyes. Another “acquisition” is for the baby’s outer and inner ear.
On the 8th week, male testicles (gonads) form in future boys. They begin to produce testosterone – the male sex hormone.
The purpose of the visit: to determine that the pregnancy began and its development is not in danger. Confirmation of the latter circumstance should be screening: a blood test for syphilis, HIV infection, antibodies to hepatitis B and C, for blood group and Rh factor; a clinical blood test (it will show whether the future mother has anemia, inflammatory changes in the blood); a vaginal smear (for bacterial infections) and cervical canal (for sexually transmitted infections); biochemical blood test (it will reveal whether there is enough protein, glucose and other vital substances for the child in the blood); a study of blood clotting factors (“liquid” blood threatens with a complication or termination of pregnancy, and “thick” moves too slowly through the vessels); general urine analysis (a change in its density and composition is characteristic of kidney disease, diabetes, etc.); Ultrasound in 6–11 weeks (to understand how the embryo develops, whether the uterus is elevated, whether it is in it or in the appendages of tumors).
7–10 days after receiving the results of the examination, the doctor will invite you to an appointment to discuss them. If everything goes well, the next meeting will be scheduled in a month.
The purpose of the visit: to exclude serious chronic diseases not related to pregnancy (for example, heart defects, hypertension). If there are problems, a specialist will monitor the future mother’s well-being.
The purpose of the visit: The doctor will evaluate the state of the fundus and retina. Based on these data, it is possible to determine the tactics of childbirth (for example, in some cases, experts advise to avoid attempts).
The purpose of the visit: to determine whether there is caries, that is, the source of infection.
The purpose of the visit: to eliminate chronic infections.