Breathing problems may occur already in early pregnancy. Immediately after conception, specific hormones – estrogen and progesterone – are intensively produced in the woman’s body. When their level rises, tissues, including those of the nasal mucous membrane, become more vulnerable.
As a result of these metamorphoses, so-called hormonal rhinitis of pregnant women can develop. It marks a malfunction of the mucous membrane: the vessels start to work incorrectly, so the fluid leaves them in the interstitial space, forming edema. When rhinitis in a pregnant woman’s airway narrows, making it difficult for the expectant mother to breathe.
Problems, as a rule, arise at night in a prone position.
However, this type of rhinitis accompanies far from all expectant mothers, but only those who are predisposed to it. The especially vulnerable group includes women suffering from any type of allergy and often suffering from colds: their protective properties of the nasal mucosa are reduced a priori.
However, if the expectant mother is not in contact with the allergen and is not sick, rhinitis during pregnancy may not start. For these reasons, former smokers may face these difficulties.
What is pregnant rhinitis bad for a baby? Only breathing through the nose is considered complete and physiological, it alone can provide us with “quality” oxygen.
The mucous membrane of the nose warms, cleans and moisturizes the air, preparing it for passage through the respiratory tract. When breathing through the mouth, these manipulations are not performed, the breath becomes shorter, and less oxygen gets into the lungs. If a pregnant woman has rhinitis, then the baby feels a reduction in air supplies rather acutely.
During all 9 months he receives vital nutrients and oxygen from his mother. And although in the early stages of the child’s need for oxygen is not so strong, his needs will increase over time.
If he lacks air, hypoxia may develop. Given that the decrease in the level of oxygen in the blood primarily affects the nervous system of the baby, it becomes clear that this trouble must be eliminated.
Treatment of hormonal rhinitis is to eliminate the cause that caused it and relieve the main symptoms. If the future mother is prone to allergies, she needs to monitor her menu, abandon unspecialized cosmetics and not come into contact with household chemicals.
If the rhinitis of a pregnant woman has occurred against the background of a cold, the doctors will eliminate its symptoms and, with a view to prevention, will advise to strengthen the immune system and include a humidifier in the bedroom.
Drops based on seawater (for example, Aqua Maris, Jandran) will help to restore the mucosa after meeting allergens, cold or dry air, bacteria or viruses. Edema will remove vasoconstrictor drops for children (Naphthyzinum; Nazivin, Merck KGaA; For the lips, Sandoz).
The main thing is to prevent an overdose, otherwise the mucosa is injured even more. To pick up the drug when rhinitis pregnant and measure the “harmless” dose should a doctor.
If the hormonal rhinitis of pregnant women can begin at any stage, breathing difficulties during the period from the 28th to the 36th week usually occur due to the preload of the diaphragm. At this time, the uterus reaches its maximum size and under certain conditions puts pressure on the diaphragm, so the expectant mother has a feeling of lack of air. At the same time, the baby also feels discomfort, which he declares with vigorous movements.
But since a woman can quickly fix the situation, the child runs no risk. Difficulties with breathing of this kind arise in an unsuccessful posture, for example, if the expectant mother sharply bent down or fell asleep on her back when this can no longer be done.
Sometimes an attack of suffocation begins after sports, and sometimes it provokes stress.
If you start to choke, stop doing gymnastics or change your position (it all depends on what you did a few seconds before). Sit back. Try to calm down.
Take a few slow and deep breaths through your nose.
Avoiding unpleasant excesses is also not difficult. First, after the 20th week, do not sleep on your back. At this time such a posture ceases to be natural.
In the supine position, the uterus presses against the inferior vena cava, therefore, in the lower half of the body the outflow of blood is disturbed, which is fraught with indisposition. It is advisable to spend nights during this half-lying position, placing a large pillow under your back.
Secondly, do not set records in the fitness club. Before planning sports, earn the blessing of an obstetrician-gynecologist.
And exercise only under the constant supervision of a trainer who will regularly measure your pulse and gradually reduce the load.