The fact that in our country iodine is found in modest quantities has been known for a long time – this is a feature of the composition of Russian soils. But the idea to compensate for this shortage appeared recently – in the 50s of the twentieth century – and summed up the study of the causes of disruption in the thyroid gland in adults and children, and even a decrease in intelligence in children.
It turned out that in most cases their appearance was due to a shortage of iodine, which could be prevented.
Shortly after the report of the researchers, in 1953, a government order was issued, enshrining measures to combat this deficit. From now on, all salt produced in the country should have been enriched with iodine, and the most sensitive to the lack of this element group – babies, future and young mothers – to receive it additionally with a special preparation. As a result, by the early 1970s, the problem of iodine deficiency in the Soviet Union had been solved and would never have arisen again if the program adopted forty years ago had not ceased to exist.
Its cancellation brought us back to the starting point: according to statistics, a Russian gets 40–80 mcg of iodine a day with an official minimum of 150–200 mcg! This shortage causes many problems, but the most important of them are disorders of the thyroid gland in adults, and in children also reduced cognitive abilities.
- belongs to the group of vital vitamins;
- enters into the structure of thyroid hormones, on which the rate of flow of almost all metabolic processes in our body depends;
- as part of hormones involved in the laying and maturation of the brain and the formation of human intelligence;
- we need at every stage of life, but especially in those periods when the body is formed and developed: before birth and the first few years after birth.
As you already understood, iodine deficiency and its consequences can be prevented. Do this by acting in two directions at once: start using iodized salt and take special preparations (Jodomarin, Berlin-Chemie; Jodobalans, Nycomed).
The second point of the program concerns, first of all, future, nursing mothers and babies, because they need protection from iodine deficiency most of all, and the need for this element is great. Pay attention: the “vitamins” that women usually take will not replace iodine preparations, rather, on the contrary, they will successfully complement each other. A dose of 300-350 mcg, obtained by their combined “efforts”, will soon become a legal “standard” for future and nursing mothers.
Recall once again: a daily “dose” of 150–200 µg is the minimum that our body needs for normal operation, and exceeding this indicator is not only not dangerous, but in a sense even desirable. By the way, the threshold above which it is not worth raising is very far, it is 1000 mcg per day.
Programs for studying iodine deficiency have long existed in Europe: from time to time, special examinations are carried out by residents of different countries and regions. With the start of the project “Tyromobil” such checks began to be carried out in Russia. The initiator of the movement – in the literal sense of the word – was the Nycomed company, and its partners are the Endocrinological Research Center of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences and the Center for Iodine Deficiency Disorders of the RF Ministry of Health and Social Development.
Thanks to their efforts, the car, equipped with the equipment necessary for studying the pathology of the thyroid gland, has visited 25 expeditions to 40 cities of Russia in the last 3 years. The data obtained helped to identify the most vulnerable regions and became the basis for the development of anti-crisis programs. In order to make an even more accurate picture of the state of affairs, in 2004 the project was expanded.
Now it includes several areas of examination: 1 – junior schoolchildren and adolescents are being tested for iodine availability; 2 – future mothers are tested for two points: the content of this element in the body and the presence of problems in the thyroid gland; 3 – adults pass tests for the state of the thyroid gland. Perhaps soon “Tyromobil” with a team of researchers on board will appear in your city!
As for babies, they also have to take iodine preparations: babies – as soon as they stop receiving mother’s milk, babies that feed on an artificial mixture – from 6 months to provide their body with this element and, above all, the developing brain.