Главная 7 Child development 7 Hippotherapy: treatment with the soul

Hippotherapy: treatment with the soul

Hippotherapy: treatment with the soul

Hippotherapy is a unique method of treatment and rehabilitation with the help of a horse. Within each class, which is held by the instructor-hippotherapist, the child performs a set of exercises designed specifically for him while sitting astride, and the animal is in motion at this time. Gymnastic sticks, balls, rings and other equipment are used in training.

A more complex type of hippotherapy is therapeutic horse riding. Here the rider already controls the horse, executes the commands of the coach and learns the various gaits and schemes.

Hippotherapy is useful for children with various mental or physical developmental disorders. In the list of illnesses that can be corrected by training with a horse, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, inflammatory and degenerative diseases of the nervous system, brain injury, sensory organs (vision and hearing), autism, Down syndrome, neurosis, and even some forms of schizophrenia .

Due to physiological characteristics – for example, a horse’s body temperature is on average 1.5 degrees higher than that of a person – exercises have a massaging and warming effect on the muscles of the rider’s legs, help to cope with spastic conditions and improve blood circulation. To achieve this effect. training is carried out without a saddle and a saddle pad – the muscles need direct contact.

Children with emotional disabilities with the help of a horse learn to communicate, and with babies with a CNS lesion chained to a wheelchair, thanks to hippotherapy, it is possible to feel how it is to walk. The motor impulses that the horseman transmits to the horse are very similar to those that we ourselves get when walking.

In addition, in one step, the horse makes about 110 different oscillatory movements, and in order to maintain balance in the saddle, the rider is forced to use such muscles, the presence of which he had not even suspected.

Hippotherapy is also used to treat bulimia, anorexia, post-traumatic syndrome.

Despite all the advantages of hippotherapy, there is a list of diseases and peculiarities in which classes with a horse are absolutely contraindicated.

  • Overwhelming fear of animals;
  • Acute allergy to an animal, not individually tolerated;
  • Inflammatory changes;
  • Spinal instability (permanent spinal bone deformities);
  • Subluxation of the hip joints;
  • Cardiovascular failure;
  • Severe arterial hypertension with hypertensive crises;
  • Hemophilia;
  • Acute renal disease;
  • Chronic diseases in the period of exacerbation;
  • Epilepsy and epiactivity.

Hippotherapy: treatment with the soul

Riding has an impact not only on large groups of muscles, it also stimulates the development of fine motor skills, helps to master complex and precise movements, contributes to a harmonious perception of the surrounding world. For example, children with ASD (autism spectrum disorders) use a horse to learn to find a common language with other people, because it is easier for them to communicate with animals than with an instructor or trainer.

Such kids do not even use verbal communication, they have enough tactile sensations: horse commands can be given a pat. The result of hippotherapy for a child with ASD should be a significant reduction in symptoms and an improvement in mood, moreover, both in the children and in their parents.

While riding, the rider realizes that he can control his horse, and this is already important for those who have problems with self-confidence and work in a team – if you control five centners of live weight, you want it or not, but you feel like a leader. Of the less serious problems that can be corrected with the help of hippotherapy, we can also mention a violation of posture and difficulties with socialization.

One of the main goals of hippotherapy is to get positive emotions. The horse gives the rider a good mood, a powerful surge of energy and helps to improve the overall condition of the body.

You don’t have to choose a horse for therapy yourself – the instructor-hippotherapists lead a strict selection at the stage of getting into the stable. From a “technical” point of view, it doesn’t matter what breed a horse is, but it’s important that it be a mare or a gelding (not a stallion!), It must also be at least 4-5 years old and no higher than 140-150 cm at the withers, so that the instructor during the training is comfortable to support the child.

The main feature of a therapeutic horse is its character. A good temper, a moderate temperament and a calm reaction to a person are what a future four-legged healer must have.

On the arena, the animal will encounter unusual objects and special people, so that before the start of classes, the horse therapist will be waited by a specially-developed intensive training. Only after its successful passage will it be admitted to children.

Not all equestrian clubs have therapeutic horses and, especially, special hippotherapy programs. We recommend that you consider choosing a place to practice carefully, because very much depends on their result, in some cases.

DEC “Live thread”, Running avenue, house 22, building 1 (based on the Central Moscow Hippodrome)

KSK “Bitsa”, Balaklavsky Avenue, Building 33

RBOO “Moscow equestrian club of disabled people”, Moscow region, Khimki, mkrn. “Planernaya”, possession 1 (on the basis of the Olympic training and sports center “Planernaya”)

Equestrian Club “Lada”, the 30th kilometer of the Vyborg highway

RPO Center for Mutual Integration “Accord”, p. Levashovo, st. Labor, building 4 (on the basis of KSK “Neva”)

Social Rehabilitation Center “Hippotherapy”, st. 9th glade

Equestrian Club “Centaur”, st. Unions, house 3

Equestrian club “Tandem”, st. Driving, house 265

Equestrian club “Capriol”, pos. Verkh-Neyvinsky

О admin


Check Also

When does the baby start chewing?

By 4-6 months, the baby can swallow more dense foods than breast milk or formula. ...

Analysis of the composition: why do not “work” fashionable diets

The mad rhythm of modern life has left an imprint on our way of thinking: ...

For two? For two!

Experts say: “Waiting for a baby is necessary not for two, but for two.” So ...

Stocking up vitamins for the winter

In the rank of vitamins and vitamin-like substances erected 20 chemical compounds. In vegetables and ...

How to make a contract with a nanny?

The most important thing for parents is the health and well-being of the child. This ...

What exercise is harmful for girls

Often, coaches offer high physical exertion, preparing children for results at competitions and disregarding sexual ...

Sports: a guide for parents

Of course, barely born, the baby is unlikely to be ready to push-ups or swing ...

Chew on health!

In order for a crumb to learn to chew, it is very important to introduce ...

Board games for boys: what to inspire fidget at home

Age: from 7 years Number of players: 2-4 Play time: 60-90 minutes Manufacturer: Magellan Develops: ...

I do not want to be treated!

Every time the same thing. Only you bring a spoon with an antibiotic to the ...

How to choose fruits and vegetables?

It is logical that vegetables and fruits, on which the least pesticides settle, have a ...

Dog and baby in the same apartment: the rules of a safe hostel

A dog is not an older brother or sister. Words cannot explain to her that ...

Modern methods of examination of pregnant women

Since the end of the twentieth century, the practice of obstetricians has included achievements in ...

Are we wrong raising boys?

“I don’t understand why today boys grow up drooling and weaklings? I remember when I, ...

Irina Gavrilova: life hacking happiness

Irina, congratulations on your birth! What is the name of the baby? – Fevronia. My ...

How quietly to put a man on a diet

There is nothing shameful or indecent about it. Intelligent and enlightened women are doing just ...

Game element

The child can play everywhere – in the crib, playpen, in the highchair. The kid ...

Zhka goes to school, or the Adventures of a three-hundred-year-old girl ”

She would go on ignorantly and beat baklushi, but her beloved grandmother Yaga decided to ...

How to prepare a child for school

Dmitry Tyutterin answered the questions of “Happy Parents”. – Summer is coming soon, and after ...

The winner of the competition “Dermatologists from the heart”

Dermatology Laboratory La Roche-Posay announced the winner of the program “Dermatologists from the heart.” A ...

Entertaining mythology (about pregnancy)

“Of course, I do not believe that a horseshoe brings good luck. But I heard ...

Winter vitamins

Most vitamins in seasonal fruits and vegetables. Tangerines, persimmon, pomegranates, feijoa, which ripen in the ...

Pros and cons of cesarean section?

According to world statistics, now every fifth woman gives birth through surgery. In the 80s. ...

Fats and vegetable oils in the diet of the child

Happy parents: What are fats and what is their role in the child’s diet? Natalia ...