Hemorrhoids are the expansion of the arteries, veins and connective tissue in the anal canal, at which there is an increase, and sometimes loss of hemorrhoids – vascular formations located in the lower part of the rectum. In a calm state, these nodes help to keep fecal masses.
Since hemorrhoids can be a symptom of serious ailments, at the first signs of ill-being, you need to consult a proctologist.
The appearance of hemorrhoids have constipation, prolonged sitting on the toilet, a sedentary lifestyle, alcohol abuse, heavy exercise and lifting weights. According to one theory, because of a rush of blood to the anus and an increase in intra-abdominal pressure, the rectum stretches and presses against the hemorrhoids, causing them to prolapse.
In women, this problem often appears during pregnancy, as well as during childbirth. In future mothers, due to the fact that the uterus grows in size and presses on the veins, the blood “stagnates” and the veins of the rectum expand.
This contributes to an increase in hemorrhoids and their loss. During childbirth, the stress of trying can lead to the same results.
Most people find hemorrhoids, feeling discomfort, pain, or seeing blood during a bowel movement. Sometimes anal itching occurs. Pregnant women often develop thrombosis: blood rushes to one of the nodes and remains in it.
A woman feels an unbearable pain. If these signs appear, you should visit the proctologist as soon as possible. The doctor may release blood clots, and the expectant mother will immediately feel better.
In any case, the doctor will advise how to adjust the chair, and will recommend an ointment that will help “dissolve” blood clots. But the most important thing is for non-pregnant women, in order to rule out serious illnesses, he will inspect the rectum.
Expectant mothers, if hemorrhoids have not resolved, a similar procedure is carried out most often after childbirth.
The night before and on the morning of the visit to the proctologist, in order to clean the intestines, you need to do an enema. The standard diagnostic method is finger inspection. In addition to hemorrhoids, it allows you to detect anal fissure and narrowing of the rectal lumen.
If there are complaints about blood in the stool, they can do a rectoscopy. Through the anus in the rectum to inspect its inner surface to a depth of 15−20 cm impose a special tube – rectoscope.
The procedure is carried out without anesthesia.
A more modern research method is fibrocolonoscopy. It is carried out in large and specialized hospitals and well-equipped clinics.
With the help of a 2-meter flexible bundle of a plurality of light-conducting fibers, through which an image is transmitted to the eyepiece or monitor, not only the straight line, but also the entire colon and the end of the small intestine are examined. To avoid discomfort, the anesthesiologist injects sedatives before manipulation.
On the eve of this procedure, you need to drink preparations for cleaning the intestines (polyethylene glycol, sodium phosphate or an enema).
Usually, hemorrhoids are treated by conservative treatment with ointments and suppositories with a slight anti-inflammatory and hormonal effect. To adjust the stools, dietary fiber and plenty of drinks are recommended. Treatment lasts from 6 weeks to 6 months.
If the condition has not improved after it and complaints continue, surgery is possible.
For successful treatment should be adjusted timely emptying of the intestine. For this day you need to eat about 30−40 g of plant fiber.
It is recommended to eat more vegetables and fruits, wheat bran, dairy products, black bread, nuts. It is necessary to exclude from the diet semolina and wheat porridge, baking, pasta, spicy food.