There are precautions for water procedures. In the first days at a new place it is not worth spending much time on the beach or in the water.
For example, pediatricians do not advise babies to bathe in open reservoirs before the year – this is due to the fact that a child can take a sip of water, but it is not always clean. Very little is better to dial in the inflatable pool “tested” water – and let him splash at his pleasure.
Older children are ready not to get out of the water for hours, but doctors recommend a fractional rhythm of bathing. This means the baby goes into the water for five, ten minutes several times in two, three hours. After bathing in sea water, you should rinse your baby fresh and wipe with a towel, otherwise small droplets of water will turn into lenses that attract ultraviolet light, so it’s not far from the burn.
In addition, salt, drying, irritates the skin.
Before you let the child swim in the pool, be sure to show him the filtration holes on the walls or the bottom. Explain that you can neither play in the stream of outgoing water, nor touch the holes because of suction at the water intake points.
Tie long hair, and better put a special bathing cap on the baby. The only way to reduce the risk of a child falling onto a wet and slippery tile in the pool or directly into the pool is to prevent him from running and playing romps.
And most importantly, for a minute, do not leave children unattended.
Children of 3–5 years must have life-saving appliances, even if, where they are bathing, their legs reach the bottom. It can be sleeves, and even better – vests.
All such products need to buy only in specialized stores, so as not to run into a fake. Hurrying quickly to the water, your baby does not sit still.
And yet, carefully check the equipment and make sure that everything is well kept. To prevent the sleeves from slipping, they must be attached to the widest part of the arm – just above the elbow. In inflatable models, check the valve plug.
If necessary, tighten the straps on the belt and waistcoat of cork or foam to prevent hands and feet from becoming entangled.
Tear off the crumbs from the construction of a wonderful fortress made of sand or built “real” water channel is simply impossible! Nevertheless, it is important to do this in time, so that in the future, communication with the sun brings only joy to the child.
First, parents should remember that babies under one year old should not be in direct sunlight at all. Older children can sunbathe, but metered – gradually increase their duration, starting from 5 minutes in the sun (the maximum duration of the “session” is 25-30 minutes).
In this case, be sure to use sunscreen – modern beauticians have developed creams and emulsions, ideal for kids. Even a water-resistant cream must be constantly updated.
We choose a cream depending on the phototype of the child: dark can be limited to a cream with a protection factor of 15-25, whites will need more powerful tools (factor 30-60). In addition, the cream must protect against two types of UV rays (both UVA and UVB).
Sunscreen does not act immediately, so you need to put it for half an hour before going to the beach and be sure to update after each swim. It is better to sunbathe in the morning (before 11 o’clock) or in the evening (after 16) – adults, and children, especially, should not sit in the sun.
Water and sand reflect the sun’s rays, so even if the kid spends most of his time on the beach under an umbrella, he still needs protection in the form of a cream.
The vast majority of accidents on the water with babies occur only for two reasons: the inattention of the parents and the sudden fainting caused by abrupt skin contact with cold water. Moreover, fainting can overtake not only in the heat in the mountain icy river, but also in the pool with heated water. So first of all you need to explain to your baby that you can never enter the water quickly, especially in extreme heat or after eating.
About the need for the closest observation of a child, you can say the following: a crumb can drown in a pond 20 cm deep, and very quickly.