Recently, we are increasingly meeting children whose physical activity goes beyond the concept of just a mobile child. Most children of preschool age are distinguished by mobility, impulsiveness, spontaneity and emotionality, but at the same time they can listen carefully to the adult and follow the instructions.
It is difficult to make contact with hyperactive children only because they are in constant motion: they do not walk, but run, do not sit, and fidget, do not stand, but spin or climb somewhere, do not laugh, but laugh, take on business or run away without listening to the task to the end. Attention to them distractedly, eyes wander, look hard to catch.
Often, such manifestations of the parents cause not just anxiety, but also anger. But it is important to understand that all these problems are the result of altered biochemical activity of brain structures and the child himself can not control his behavior.
Firstly, parents need to take the child for a consultation with a neuropsychiatrist to make an accurate diagnosis. Secondly, in dealing with hyperactive children, you must try to follow a number of rules that parents and teachers should be aware of:
- do not notice petty mischief, restrain irritation and do not cry at the child, as the excitement from the noise increases;
- if necessary, use positive physical contact: take the child by the hand, pat him on the head, hold him close;
- during classes, this child is better to sit at the first desk to reduce distractions;
- during the class, let us move: ask for something to raise, bring, help, etc .;
- Praise for every manifestation of restraint, self-control, openly show your delight if he has done something to the end.
Considering the peculiarities of the mental and physical development of children with ADHD, all games and exercises must simultaneously solve a number of tasks:
- the development of arbitrariness and self-control;
- the development of mindfulness, observation and imagination;
- removal of psycho-emotional stress;
- development and improvement of communication skills;
- development of motor coordination, etc.
1. Incendiary warm-up
- The children walk in a circle one after the other and buzz like paravoziki: Tu-Tu-uu-y.
- Set alarm clock. Squeeze the palm in the cam, perform circular movements in front of him: jik-jik-jik.
- The alarm clock rang: W zhz. We will stop him; the children lightly hit their palms on the head.
- We sculpt a little face (we hold our hands with the child on the edge of the face), hair (we press with fingertips on the hair roots), eyebrows, eyes, noses, ears, chin (by analogy).
- Draw the nose of the sun. They twist their heads, draw a nose zhzhik-zhzhik-zhzhik.
- They say in chorus: I am good, kind, beautiful!, Stroking my head.
2. The game “Be careful!”
Children stand in a circle. Lead takes the ball and enters the center of the circle. He names the children and throws the ball.
The child, having heard his name, must catch the ball and throw it back. The game is played at a fast pace.
3. Exercise “Pass the movement”
The children stand in a circle and, at a signal from the host, pretend that they are passing each other a large ball, a heavy weight, a hot pancake, a flower, etc.
4. Game “Airplanes”
Children squatting away from each other like planes on the airfield.
The facilitator says: Airplanes buzzed, buzzed, buzzed, got up and flew!
Children buzz at first quietly, then louder, rise, and begin to run around the hall, spreading their arms to the side.
After some time, the presenter said: We flew, flew and sat down.
Children squat, waiting for the team leading. This is done several times.
At the end of the game, the planes fly to the sea – the children sit on the chairs or lie on the carpet so as not to hurt each other.
5. Exercise “annoying fly”
The leader says: Imagine that you are lying on the beach, the sun warms you, you do not want to move. Suddenly a fly flew into the forehead of the village.
To get rid of a fly, move your eyebrows. A fly circling near the eyes – blink them, flies from cheek to cheek – inflate each cheek in turn, sat on your chin – move your jaw, etc.
6. Exercise “One, two, three – say!”
Children sit on the chairs. Before them is an easel with a sheet of thick paper.
Leading draws seashore, waves, seagulls, steamer. Then he calls one of the children and in a whisper invites him to make an addition to the drawing (to depict a small cloud, a boat, a pebble on the beach, etc.).
The easel rolls over, the induced child executes the instruction, and the drawing is again shown to the children. The facilitator asks the children to determine which new part appeared in the picture, and to name it, but only after the command sounds: One, two, three — say! The picture is complemented alternately by all children.
7. Exercise “One big animal”
The children and the presenter stand in a circle and join hands.
The leader says: Imagine that we are one big animal. Let us all breathe together: step forward — inhale, step back — exhale.
The exercise is repeated 3 times.
8. Game “Forbidden movement”
Children stand in a semicircle opposite the host. The facilitator says: I will show various movements.
You will repeat all movements except one.
First, the presenter shows different movements (for example, arms up, sideways, etc.). Children repeat them.
Then the presenter calls and shows the forbidden movement (for example, jumping), which children should not repeat. A signal to start the game is given.
Children repeat all movements leading, except for the forbidden.
The facilitator says: Try to portray the movements of various animals. If I clap my hands once – jump like bunnies, clap twice – walk like a beard, clap three times – turn into storks who can stand on one leg for a long time.
We start the game.
10. Pump and Ball Exercise
A child depicts a ball leading (or another child) – a pump. The movements are performed in accordance with the obtained role:
The ball is deflated – the child is squatting.
The pump inflates the ball – the leader (the other child) makes the appropriate movements with his hands, accompanying them with the sounds of s-s. .
The ball gets bigger – the child gradually gets up, puffs up his cheeks, raises his hands up.
The pump stops working – the lead (another child) pretends to pull the hose.
The ball is deflated again – the child slowly sits down, releases air from the cheeks, lowers his arms.
The exercise is repeated several times, then the children switch roles.