The child can play everywhere – in the crib, playpen, in the highchair. The kid tastes everything that comes hand in hand, listens attentively to his dad singing a song for him, laughing with pleasure when his sister builds his faces, and sways vigorously in a stroller or jumpers, often falls, stuffs his bumps, but it trains, learns, learns and remembers. To make sure of the benefits of any game, you can try to determine how involved the senses are in it.
Of course, not all at the same time. At such an early age it is not recommended to give the baby more than one task. It is believed that if a 3-month-old baby is offered two different toys at once, he may even experience stress from confusion.
He will gradually learn to respond to several stimulants gradually later when he grows up.
According to the standard standards, at the age of one and a half years, the baby can perform two instructions in turn, at 2 years old – four, and at 2 and a half – more than 10.
It is believed that the newborn is not very clearly see what is farther than 20 cm from his face. Usually the baby is attracted by the light and, of course, the face of the mother.
He also draws attention to the faces of all who come into his field of vision. Especially the baby is interested in the eyes of those who communicate with him. With close contact, you may feel that he is penetrating the gaze, somewhere in the depth of the brain and, like an alien, is trying to understand the thoughts of the person facing him.
Such a contact is undoubtedly very valuable. It must be maintained and developed.
You can bend over the baby, put the baby in your lap, supporting his back and head in various poses, and put him in the manner of Irish mothers in a blanket between your knees, like in a hammock.
The kids even feel the vibration of the air when mom comes up to touch or pick it up.
In this case, the angle of view is recommended to change smoothly, for example: bring your face closer, then move it away – to the left, to the right. Change the position of the child more often: he will see more and, therefore, learn about the world around him.
After all, a kid who still does not know how to roll over without your help will only look at the ceiling and will not be able to expand his horizons.
Watching the faces of others, the child quickly learns the richness of facial expressions and expressions. You can try to draw a sketchy portrait on a sheet of paper. Black and white contrast will allow the baby to better see the features and focus on them.
Do not be discouraged if your drawing will seem ugly and incomparable to Mikel-Angelo or Salvador Dali’s canvases! For a baby, this is completely unimportant.
Drawing can be very simple. Even ordinary children’s doodles may well interest him, causing surprise and arousing imagination.
Use simple words to explain what you do with your child. The kid needs language practice, but it is not worthwhile to flood it with abstract concepts that do not carry meaning. Call everyone by a spade.
Simplify your speech is not necessary. For example, it is not necessary to call the horse “yoke-go”, and instead of “bad” say “ka-ka”.
Your child is still very small, so choose the words that he will understand and relate to what he sees every day. Speak in short simple sentences. Do not distort the words!
If you have such a habit, it will not be easy to get rid of it.
The baby is attracted to everything brilliant, colorful and new. He loves to look at the bright toys attached to his crib.
Even if they are already familiar to him, he will still consider them with interest again and again. But from time to time the baby needs surprises.
To do this, you can use objects of unusual shape, which are found in the house. Show your baby decorations for the Christmas tree, ribbons, two-color sponge, foil, packing tape … And the more often you change objects for observation, the more you will surprise your baby. For variety, you can use feathers, leaves, wool threads and attach them so that he saw, but could not reach!
Do not forget: the baby is trying to take everything in his mouth into his hands, so be careful!
Stimulate eye tracking of a moving subject. Show, for example, a bottle or any other object that will attract attention, and when the baby catches it with a glance, slowly begin to move right, left, up, down – and so on until the crumb takes his eyes off the object.
When a child learns to roll over and grab objects out of touch, you can stop indulging in every desire. He can not immediately reach the toys? Do not feed it every time.
On the contrary, give the opportunity to get it yourself. Perhaps it will not work the first time, but after several attempts the toy will finally end up in pens. or somewhere close by.
Before you take the baby in your arms, wait until it strains your back or reaches out to you. So he will not only train his movements by strengthening his muscles, but also learn to express a request.
Change the position of the baby more often, because he cannot turn over himself yet, and he will hardly like him lying on his back or stomach all the time. To see everything that happens around, he must lean on his elbows and raise his head.
If this is not possible, it can simply turn the head, developing the muscles of the back and neck. In the future, it will help to maintain a steady position while sitting and crawling.
You can also put the baby on your belly in your lap. Let his head and hands hang down a little.
Put some items in front of him within reach. This exercise will not let your baby get bored during long minutes of waiting – for example, in a doctor’s reception.
You can fasten a rattle on the sleeves (on one or both) – then each movement of the handles will be accompanied by a sound. The sound will attract attention, make you look at the source and make movement again.
The same can be done with socks.
Never leave anything in the hands of a baby unattended.
Make a bracelet with colored buttons attached to a thread or ribbon. The noise that the buttons will produce, colliding, will attract the attention of the crumbs.
If he cannot lift the pens by himself, lay him on his knees facing him and put the bracelet on either the right or the left handle. Do not leave anything in the hands of a child without supervision!
Offer the baby small, easy-to-capture toys: they should be light and adapted to the shape of his tiny handprints.
The vestibular apparatus located in the region of the middle ear is responsible for balance and informs us about our location in space. Thanks to him, being in complete darkness, we can determine how to bow our heads or turn to the side.
When baby is rocked up, it is the vestibular apparatus that is stimulated, and not lulling at all, as is commonly believed. At an older age, the same purpose will serve somersault in the grass and riding on swings and merry-go-rounds.
Deep sensitivity, which tells us in advance what kind of force and amplitude of movement will be required to perform a particular physical action. Coordination of human movements directly depends on how he assessed the task visually.
So, pushing open the heavy door, we put some effort, while brushing a crumb of bread from the table, others are much smaller. Thanks to proprioception, we can correctly calculate energy and not waste energy in vain, or, conversely, strain muscles harder when the task requires it.
Pay attention to the surface on which you are laying the baby. For a very small suit a small special mat.
A brilliant and rustling bedspread will be a great success for children. Offer him a packing film with air bubbles – it attracts attention and surprises all the kids.
Attach on a movable tape attached to the railing of the bed, a ball of thread. Put it in the hand of the child, and you will see: any movement will cause a reciprocal movement on the tape. Little by little, he will understand that he himself is the cause of movements above his head, and will want to check the reaction, repeating the same manipulations and coming up with new ones.
One of the favorite games is hitting the rattles with their feet, especially if the blow makes noise. Hang toys over the crib that will produce sound when colliding with each other.
It can be seashells, plastic boxes filled with something rattling that is on hand, bells and rattles. So the child will experiment and make movements to your taste, and not just those that are initiated by the parents.
To determine the state of development of sensory reactions from the 1st month of a baby’s life, doctors pay attention to the auditory and visual concentration reaction: the way a child notices a toy, catches it with a look, studies it, follows its movement (for example, left-right). And also how he reacts to the sound: he listens, turns his head slightly.
Children under one month with loud noises may start or close their eyelids: this is normal!
In front of the eyes, the crumbs at a distance of 30 cm move a bright toy measuring 7–10 cm in various directions. After the disappearance of the toy from the field of view, the child must continue to follow the trajectory along which the toy moved, and when the toy returns to the field of view, the crumbs should return to the point at which it appears.
Doctors, offering a rattle to a baby for 4 months, assess how quickly and accurately he captures it, how his fingers move, and how long he holds it, how it manipulates it. The kid should take a toy for a minute, and on average it will play 2-3 minutes for it to play.
The second rattle should be offered to the baby not earlier than 8 months. At first it is done from the side of the free hand, and then from the side of the occupied.
Kids older than 10 months should be able to do the so-called workarounds: after the baby is interested in a rattle, remove it, without stopping to rattle. So repeat several times.
Ideally, the child should get the hidden toy.
Choose for the baby light, comfortable to capture rattles.
When communicating, try to keep the child focused on you. Try to capture his attention.
First, stand right in front of his face, then start moving a little. Encourage your baby smile, exclamation, if he gets contact with you.
Then stand up for the little one, so that he has to turn his head in order to see you. At some point, other voices and sounds will start to interest the child: a dog barking, a door slamming. In response to unfamiliar sounds, the child interrupts his activity and listens carefully.
Try to show the crumbs their source. So it will be easier for him to understand exactly what he hears.
Comment on each sound: “This is a telephone”, “Listen as the truck goes,” and then complicate the task: “Where is the kitten?”. Gradually, the child remembers the received information, begins to understand the meaning of not only certain sounds, but also words, especially those that he regularly hears, recognizes his name and the diminutive tender nickname with which you usually refer to it.