Главная 7 Child development 7 Fun math for preschoolers

Fun math for preschoolers

Fun math for preschoolers

Zhenya conducts master classes, igrotech, clubs, festivals and tourist gatherings, goes with children in water, hiking and ski trips, writes books for children and their parents. And most importantly, she knows everything about when you need to start doing math with a child and how to do it correctly. And Zhenya is a mother of two children and a happy wife.

How the idea appeared and how the unusual mathematician Zhenya Katz appeared – about this in our conversation with the author.

HAPPY PARENTS Zhenya, let’s start from the very beginning. A child has appeared in the family. Some parents are enthusiastic right away — when he doesn’t hold his head — to start learning letters and numbers.

Frankly, I myself was so – I hung the bed with training pictures. What do you say as an experienced teacher: when do you start to do mathematics?

Isn’t it harmful to teach, say, two-year-olds figures? And why is fun mathematics for preschoolers Zhenya Katz interesting in this sense?

Zhenya Katz: This is neither harmful nor useful. With the same success, you can teach a crumb at least to hieroglyphs.

If the child likes to memorize abstract pictures, you can play with it, but the numbers themselves are not needed in two years. It is more useful to teach him to say hello, to give a hand in a round dance, to play games by the rules, to build towers of cubes or sandpipers.

In 3-4 years, it is important to be able to “translate from language to language”: if I said “meow” four times, then I need to show four fingers, and if I said “woof-woof”, jump twice. After all, knowing the numbers does not mean being able to count.

Many children can count up to a hundred in order, but at the same time, if they need to show “six” on their fingers, they first recount five fingers on one hand, and then they add one finger on the other hand. This is normal.

In this case, it would be good to teach the child, say, to show 4–5–6 fingers in different ways (for example, “six” can be shown as five plus one, or four plus two, or three plus three). This is much more useful than memorizing the table of addition.

Just count – whether the cups and spoons are equal? Will there be enough apples for everyone?

Is it possible to split all the cakes equally? There is a good book by Leonid Wenger, where there are many excellent methodological ideas: “Home School of Thinking”.

You can also play with the child in finger games, in different constructors and cubes.

SR: But maybe, doing with the baby, and the account, and logic, and geometry, mother still works for his future, lays a strong foundation, gives impetus to its development?

Fun math for preschoolers

Zhenya Katz: Not at all. It is possible for a 3-month-old baby to try to put on legs, but this does not mean that he learns to walk earlier and will fall less. When he grows up, matures, will get stronger, then he will go.

So it is here. The child may know the letters in two years, but start reading for himself, with pleasure, only after the first grade.

SR: Then, perhaps, such exercises develop memory? What does Zhenya Katz offer in this case, an unusual mathematics which was created for the youngest?

Zhenya Katz: Memory and attention can and should be developed – in different games, desktop and verbal. You can arrange five toys, ask the child to remember, and then, when he turns away, remove one toy (rearrange, rotate). You can play Memori or memorize five pictures, or add a pattern that is open for a while and then hidden.

All these games are also great develop attention and memory! And it’s not a problem if a child at four years old doesn’t see the difference between the numbers 78 and 87, 46 and 64 and even confuses the numbers 7 and 8 or 6 and 9. Mathematics is the ability to build logical connections, to reason and to understand where did “that”, and where does this come from.

In four years, few of the children cope with this. At this age it is too early to conclude whether the child has the ability to do mathematics or not.

Just talk with him on various topics, read aloud, discuss events from the life and books, invent funny stories. Now, if our front door to the house would be chocolate, would it be convenient? And what if we had milk from the tap and in all the buckets and in the washbasin there was milk, like in the cartoon Prostokvashino – would we be comfortable?

Or, for example, another exercise for the age of 4–5 years. A few chestnuts are put in a candy box with cells – not as horrible, but in groups of two or three. Say 2 + 2 + 1 chestnut.

Or from one edge one chestnut, three in the center and from the other edge another one. The child watches them for a while, then the box closes.

And he, presenting the picture in his mind, must calculate how many chestnuts there were. Some kids on their knees draw the location of chestnuts (as they saw them) and consider these points as a finger.

This is already a meaningful action – the child considers groups. He remembered the chestnuts in the box in this form, and if you shift them, it will be a completely different count.

SR: Russian mathematicians have long been famous throughout the world. There is even such a saying: in American universities, Russians teach mathematics, and Chinese learn from them. But this is a high school.

In the field of secondary education, Finland has shown brilliant results (it has been ranked first on international PISA tests in recent years). In which countries do they work best with babies?

Zhenya Katz: I can not say that I saw something amazing abroad, which is not with us. Yes, there is a Singaporean technique, there is a Japanese one (“Kumon”), there are various others, but.

All of them are more likely to develop perseverance, fine motor skills, but not mathematical abilities! But in our country there are very interesting methods. For example, the one that one St. Petersburg dad invented and develops now, Sergey Parkhomenko.

A psychologist by training, he previously conducted business training for adults, but at one point decided for his five-year-old son to organize a “home circle”, which he called the “Gang of clever men”. There they “played” mathematics: they developed a little memory, played a little board games, experimented, learned to reason (why the candle stopped burning when it was covered with a glass, why the ball did not fall out of the bucket, untwisted on a string, like blue and yellow paints get other colors). Here it is – real fun math for preschoolers, unusual math!

Based on these lessons, Sergey released several board games, and, believe me, these are great games for practicing math from 5–6 years and for the whole elementary school.

SR: How was your own methodology created and what is it? How was born the circle of Eugene Katz?

Zhenya Katz: It all started with the fact that I, at the request of my daughter’s teacher, came to school to lead a circle for second-graders. Gave tasks to the level of her daughter.

But it turned out that of the whole group, only my Galya and another boy solve such problems. The rest tried to guess the answer in my eyes.

I began to pick up tasks so that they were very simple, but interesting, so that children could easily solve the first and second tasks and “with overclocking” could cope with more complex ones. From these lessons, a collection of problems for elementary school “Mathematics in your hands” was born.

Can children study according to your books or parents should help them?

Zhenya Katz: Yes, many children do it themselves – we tried to do in the Myshematika (workbooks of the Unusual Mathematics series, the author Zhenya Katz – Approx. Ed.) The text of the tasks as simple and clear as possible. In addition, each task has an example, looking at which you can understand what is required to be done.

These are not school textbooks, so tasks can be solved in any order, skipping, and then returning again. My books were designed to show that mathematics is interesting!

Wouldn’t children be bored in school if they learn a lot before the first grade?

Zhenya Katz: No, it will not. In the classroom we preschoolers “build the foundation” and almost do not touch the school math.

We have fun mathematics for preschoolers! Simply in a game form we help to master the new information about the world of numbers, about geometry, about logic – using simple examples that are understandable to kids.

Are you involved in geometry with preschool children?

Zhenya Katz: Our geometry, of course, does not look like school geometry. We do not draw circles and perpendiculars, but we are engaged in puzzles, we put figures of tangram or Nikitin cubes.

Fold the pattern according to the scheme or from two triangles to get a rectangle – this is the real geometry. With two and a half years, you can perfectly “play” in it.

And at six, and at seven years old, you can also do tasks with cubes, if they are interesting to the child.

It is also important to encourage and praise the kids for the work done, do you agree?

Zhenya Katz: There are many theories. And no matter how you do, there will always be a theory that explains that you are not doing everything right. I praise a lot, I just like it.

But I do not put any marks, no stars, or flowers. When I give homework, someone performs, and someone does not, but to those who have done, I always say: “Great, you tried, well done!”. Even if everything is at random there.

But if you praise the child, it does not mean that the next time he will do his homework again. Rather, they like to be leading in the game, to be in the center.

And I try to encourage them.

Fun math for preschoolers

  • “Unusual Mathematics. Notebook of logical tasks for children 4 years old “, MCNMO
    The first notebook of the series “Unusual Mathematics”, the main goal of which is to invite a child for an exciting walk into the world of logic and mathematics.
  • “Pie with mathematics”, ICCME
    A collection of “mathematical games” that develop children’s ability to think and reason, sort through options and look for different solutions.
  • “Grandma Saws Raspberry Pie”, ICNMO
    A cutter book that will help turn reading into an interesting fun game and teach you to “recognize face” new words.

Board games for mastering counting and simple math actions
Of all the board games, card games are considered the most popular among adults. Children, even the smallest, they are also able to have “not childish”! But the main thing is that card games are not only gambling.

Not least, these games are intellectual, with their help you can not only learn to count in your mind, but also be trained to do it well, quickly and with pleasure. And as a result – to love and understand an even more exciting and beautiful human game – the science of mathematics. Read more

Remember everything: the development and training of the child’s memory
The human brain has such a useful ability as adaptation to the environment. This phenomenon is called neuroplasticity.

In children, it is especially well developed, therefore the duty of parents to actively support it and develop it from birth itself. Read more

One thousand and one details: we play with a mosaic
How are mosaic games useful? First of all, they develop fine motor skills, as well as the eye and spatial thinking. This applies to any mosaic, including the floor, with large details, suitable even for the smallest.

And the mosaic fosters perseverance and accuracy, develops imagination and perseverance. Read more

О admin

x

Check Also

Day Watch (patronage)

In the first month of life, the baby needs the closest attention of the doctors. ...

Do not worry, I’m with you!

In the first months after birth, children are surprisingly sociable: they walk on their hands ...

Former wife makes it difficult to see my daughter “

The answer to the question you are asking is in the legal field of the ...

Pregnant driving: “I am not afraid! “

You got the long-awaited rights, and it coincided with your pregnancy? You go to your ...

Fragrant world of perfume

Today it is difficult to imagine the life of a modern person without already such ...

Weight gain

Given that on average a newborn baby weighs only 3–3.5 kg, and the weight gain ...

Pregnant at work: about the rights and safety rules

Nowadays, women are sure: pregnancy is not a reason to refuse work and favorite activities, ...

Anton and Victoria Makarsky: You will behave badly, you will not go to kindergarten!

HAPPY PARENTS: Traditionally, September marks the beginning of a new school year for us. Children ...

Pregnancy and work: prioritize

Modern women have proved by example: pregnancy is not a disease, and it cannot prevent ...

Everyone in the garden?

In any children’s team – it doesn’t matter if it is large (20 children in ...

Simple tricks: how to reduce calorie intake without dieting

Regardless of whether you want to lose a few dozen kilograms, or just a couple ...

Anti-cancer spices: what and how to eat them

Any disease is easier to prevent than to cure. In terms of cancer, this statement ...

Grandmother instead of mother-in-law

How so? Isn’t it necessary to take care of establishing warm and positive relations with ...

We are going, going …

First, determine which group chair is suitable for your child. All models of children’s car ...

The man’s question: why children do not work

Three whales of male fertility are the production of male germ cells (spermatogenesis), the transportation ...

Pregnant driving: a ride with comfort

Try to take the road no more than 30-40 minutes, and you did not have ...

Pregnant and beautiful: tips on choosing clothes for the expectant mother

According to the observations of doctors, until about the fourth month of pregnancy, most expectant ...

Feeding with lactase deficiency

Lack of lactase – an enzyme that breaks down milk sugar lactose – most often ...

Hospital “Lapino” conducts a seminar on baby food

Proper nutrition of children – one of the most pressing topics of young mothers. How ...

Our problems

Correcting children’s problems in adulthood can be difficult and painful. So much so that many ...

Not the first birth

“The birth of a child always leaves an imprint on the woman’s body, primarily on ...

Visit to the optometrist

The first check of the baby’s eyes is still in the hospital. This task is ...

Do I need to communicate with the father, who does not show a desire to see the child?

This is, of course, a difficult situation. Your daughter, especially judging by her reaction, needs ...

Can not be!

Of course, we are not talking about those cases that are of interest to doctors ...