Главная 7 Child development 7 From root to tip

From root to tip

From root to tip

Hair begins to grow in crumbs when it is in the womb – at the beginning of the third trimester of pregnancy. Some babies are born with a lush mane, others – without a single hair.

The presence or absence of hair of a newborn is determined solely by genetic disposition, and at this stage it is impossible to judge its density. Like about that, he will become a blonde or a brunette.

The hair that grows on the head of a newborn is gun. They are thin, often colorless, their root bulb is poorly formed. In the first 3-4 months of the baby’s life, they fall out, replaced by the usual pivotal ones.

How active the renewal process is depends on many factors: the thickness of the hair, the level of sweating, the degree of mobility of the child. In addition, any mechanical effect, even washing the head and wearing a hat, especially combing, speeds up the loss of vellus hair.

Sometimes this original fluff (lanugo, as doctors call it) covers not only the crumbs head, but also the body in the area of ​​the shoulder blades and lower back. You should not worry about it: from these zones it will disappear with time. Lanugo is present in almost all babies, only in premature babies, it is usually more noticeable.

There is no need to shave fluff hair on the body or on the head: in any case, they will fall out on their own and in no way interfere with the growth and development of ordinary hair.

Hair color, like eye color, finally stabilizes in crumbs not earlier than by 2 years. In the process, it can change from very dark to light – and vice versa.

The original hair color in infants is far from final. As such, he will become, in accordance with the program received from his parents, only when pigmentation ends. Will the baby brunette, blond or red, depends on the ratio of the two types of melanin pigment.

One of them, brown, includes blue, yellow and red colors, the other – only yellow. High concentration of the first pigment colors the hair brown and black.

The second gives a rich copper shade and prevails in blondes and red. In total, there are about 300 different shades.

Up to 5 years, until the hair shaft is fully formed, you should not worry about the pomp of the hair. However, it should be borne in mind that it will not be possible to change it of one’s own will, even after this period expires. The density of hair, like that, they will be dry or oily (after puberty), straight or curly, is also inherited.

The type of hair determines the shape of the follicle – hair follicle. Straight curls grow from a round follicle.

The scales on their surface fit tightly to each other, so they are well combed and behave obediently. Curls are formed from an oval or kidney-shaped sac.

Their surface is not so smooth, the scales behind each other, so the curls shine less, get confused more easily and require special care.

  • During the haircut you need to be very careful, so it is better to entrust this mission to a professional. However, before making an appointment with a hairdresser, it is worth understanding whether your baby is ready for a haircut. The first hike should not turn into stress, otherwise the next time the crumb will be afraid of the procedure. Ideally, the master is desirable to invite home. In a familiar setting, children feel more confident.
  • If you decide to take the baby to the hairdresser, it is better to wash his head in advance, and ask the master only to wet the curls. It is difficult for many children to keep their heads tilted for a long time, and if the water during washing accidentally falls into the ears, disorder cannot be avoided.
  • Some babies may be frightened by the look of their own cut curls and the cutting process itself. Ask the master to put the crumb back to the mirror, and at the end cover the tracks. He will be able to admire his reflection and new image after the end of the procedure.
  • The main principle of children’s hairstyles – the hair should not fall on the face. Most often, the problem can be solved if you cut the child whiskey and make a fringe. At least up to 5 years it is better not to get carried away with rims, rubber bands, African pigtails: they tighten the scalp and cause discomfort to the baby, and sometimes pain. It makes sense to grow hair to a child only if they are naturally obedient and harmoniously frame the face without falling over your eyes.

A child’s body is very susceptible to allergic reactions, so it may be confronted with any unfamiliar irritant – a new dish, and shampoo. However, allergy, especially food, is never the main cause of hair loss and can only complicate the course of an existing scalp disease.

Contact dermatitis as a response to cosmetics is extremely rare and does not lead to baldness even in the area of ​​bright allergic manifestations.

Milk crusts (scientifically – gneiss) give rise to parents no less trouble. And in vain. Contrary to popular delusion, they are not a symptom of an allergy to food or cosmetics.

Milky crusts are dead skin cells of the scalp connected to the sebum. They do not appear in all babies, but their appearance fits into the physiological norms.

If the hormonal system of the infant has not yet stabilized, the excess amount of sebum is produced by the action of the residual placental hormones that the baby received from the mother. It leads to the formation of gneiss.

Crusts will disappear by themselves during the first months of the baby’s life, but this does not mean that they should not be cared for. On the contrary, it is desirable to remove them, because they prevent the skin from breathing.

For these purposes it is useful to make compresses with olive oil, which must be boiled in advance in a water bath and cooled to room temperature. The oil should be applied to the scalp and leave for a few hours, better – at night.

From above you can wear a hat so as not to soil bed linen. When the crusts are softened, they are easy to remove with a natural bristle comb.

After the procedure, the remaining oil should be washed off.

If the baby has a lot of hair, changing the gun to the rod can go completely unnoticed by the parents. And even if the crumbs of the crumbs are not too lush, you should not worry.

A cause for concern – local baldness. Without good reason, it does not occur, and even if the baby often sleeps on the back, this habit does not lead to such consequences. Usually baldness causes a lack of vitamin D, which may indirectly indicate rickets.

To prevent the development of the disease, in the period autumn – winter – summer, when the sun is low, children are prescribed a “sunny” vitamin in drops. If on the head of the baby still appeared pockets of baldness, be sure to consult with a specialist.

Hair loss with rickets looks very typical (as a rule, the occipital zone usually thins first).

Another cause of hair loss in babies is fungal diseases. They are not easy to treat, and they are contagious, so when the diagnosis is confirmed, the children shave their hair before starting treatment.

This measure helps prevent the spread of the disease and avoid reinfection.

Trouble hair promises and ringworm. Most often, it is transmitted to people from cats, especially if they are allowed to walk through the streets, and kids are very susceptible to it.

For this reason, if there are pets in the family, the hygiene of the child and the cleaning of the apartment should be given special attention.

All children, even babies, will need a comb. For kids, you need to choose a model with natural (for example, pork) bristles, thick and thick. It is perfect for the care of the gun or barely replaced by rod hair.

Older children can pick up a massage comb with wooden or plastic teeth, surrounded by bristly hairs. The teeth will disentangle the strands, and the bristles will smooth the hair scales, especially at the tips.

Shampoo, especially in the first year of life, must also be special, with the note “children”. The schedule of washing the head is selected individually, taking into account the work of the hormonal system and the presence or absence of milk crusts.

However, it should be remembered that in children aged from 6 months to 7 years the function of the sebaceous glands is lower than in adults, so babies’ hair, by definition, is not greasy. But to dry the scalp is very easy, so you should not wash the baby’s head more than once a week.

Otherwise, the water and shampoo will wash away the natural protective film, and then dry seborrhea (peeling of the scalp) can develop.

Shaving hair without good reason is not worth it, because these manipulations will not affect the density of hair in the future. In addition, the delicate scalp is very easy to injure, especially in the area of ​​the fontanel, which in children is tightened only with a thin film.

The first time is better to restrict the usual hair care. These measures will be enough until the hair starts to bring discomfort to the child: to fall on the forehead, get into the eyes, irritate the skin of the face.

Curly hair, especially long, need extra care: they are often confused, and their tips are usually very dry. You can help curls home remedies.

For example, in a glass with water, add a teaspoon of freshly squeezed lemon juice, stir and rinse the hair with this cocktail, do not forget to soak the tips with it. This tool has a firming effect on the cuticle and smoothes the scales.

Flush it is not necessary. However, even in a low concentration of lemon solution requires careful handling: during the procedure, it should not get the baby’s eyes, otherwise mucous irritation will begin.

When a child turns 1,5-2 years old, a high-quality conditioner for adults can be applied to the ends of hair, strictly following the directions on the package.

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