A message from the UK Healthcare Authority can lead to a revision of attitudes towards keeping cats in homes and apartments. These beloved by many pets can be potential sources of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
And recently in England, for the first time in the history of medicine, 2 cases of TB infection from a cat were registered at once. At the moment, doctors explain the appearance of cats infected with pathogens of bovine tuberculosis by 2 possible reasons.
Either during their walks, cats penetrated into badger holes in forests and parks (badgers are very susceptible to Mycobacterium bovis, which causes bovine tuberculosis), or they caught rats and mice that had been in such holes.
After local veterinarians detected bovine tuberculosis in 9 cats in Berkshire and Hampshire counties (Berkshire and Hampshire) and transferred this information to the local NHS offices (the UK Public Health Service), several tens of people who regularly contacted sick animals were examined. Two of them were diagnosed with inactive form of tuberculosis, and another two people had the disease in an active form and progressed, which the patients did not even suspect. After the course of treatment, everyone recovered completely, but these cases made the doctors very alert, since the residents of the United Kingdom are particularly sympathetic to cats.
Since 1992, the number of furry human friends in the country exceeds the number of dogs, and this difference tends to a constant increase.
Among the patients was a baby, a patient, however, bacterial meningitis, but also infected from a domestic cat named Chesney, in which saliva the doctors detected bacteria. The doctors suggested that the cat licked the nipple on a bottle of milk formula, which the mother of a three-week girl left for some time unattended.
Doctors barely saved a crumb from imminent death, since the death rate in this form of meningitis can reach 10%.
It is believed that domestic cats alone live in England at least 10 million, and this fact, in the light of the latest information about their ability to be the source of the causative agent of tuberculosis, can not but arouse the concern of doctors.