A premature baby is born before the 38th week of pregnancy. By birth, he formed almost all organs and systems, the problem lies in their immaturity.
Such children digest food worse because their stomach volume is too small and their enzyme activity is reduced. Sucking and swallowing reflexes work poorly, so doctors sometimes fix the crumbs through a probe.
In addition, premature babies face nutrient deficiencies. Normally, a reserve of vitamins and minerals is formed in the child in the last weeks of pregnancy, therefore, children born before the deadline are filled with strategic reserves with the help of special additives to breast milk or formula during the first weeks. The baby is under the supervision of the medical staff until his health finally improves.
At the time of discharge, each child should be able to suck well to eat on their own.
Mother’s milk is the perfect food for all babies without exception, but newborn babies need it especially. The fact is that in women who give birth prematurely, it contains more nutrients and hormones than mothers who met the plan.
This was taken care of by nature itself. The only caveat: until a certain moment, it is difficult for such babies to cope with their breasts – they can get very tired of sucking. A bottle of expressed milk will help solve the problem.
You can attach a crumb to your chest when it is fully strengthened.
If the mother chooses artificial feeding, the pediatrician will help the baby to choose a special mixture for low-weight babies. In its formula, the concentration of nutrients is higher than in the standard, and because of the special composition of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, it is better absorbed.
As a rule, such mixtures are canceled after the baby’s weight reaches 2.5–3.5 kg.
Despite the fact that premature babies are in dire need of nutrients and weight gain, they need to be fed in moderation.
Paradoxically, but the principle of “the more the better” for such kids is not good. Overloading a weakened organism often leads to the opposite effect, and instead of the desired increase, there is a loss of body weight. The processing of each extra gram of protein your baby spends an additional amount of energy.
This increases the load on the kidneys, there may be problems with digestion (regurgitation, colic or constipation). The nutritional schedule of a premature baby depends on its body weight, the degree of maturity of the body, and overall well-being.
Usually these kids enough 7−8 feedings per day. With a high degree of immaturity, the number of meals can be increased to 10−12.
The number of feedings decreases with increasing body weight.