Intestinal dysbacteriosis is called an imbalance between beneficial and harmful microorganisms. Why does it arise? There are several reasons for this:
- intestinal infections;
- improper nutrition (early transition of the child to artificial mixtures, improper familiarity with ordinary products);
- disruption of the bowels (for example, due to abnormalities of the structure or hereditary lack of enzymes);
- taking antibiotics;
- stress (familiarity with the new nanny, the device in kindergarten).
In addition, the balance of beneficial and harmful microbes can affect any illness of the baby (the reason – a decrease in immunity). If we are talking about diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, such as food allergies, there is no reason to doubt the appearance of dysbacteriosis.
Experts do not consider intestinal dysbiosis to be a disease. More often it is treated as an indicator of distress, which can lead to various troubles. Judge for yourself: more than 400 species of microorganisms are found in the human body and affect its metabolism, build up the immune system and resistance to environmental influences.
It is good, if in the first hours and days after birth the sterile gastrointestinal tract of the child is inhabited by the correct inhabitants. This will happen if everything is in order with the microflora of the mother, the medical staff and the maternity hospital, the baby is not prescribed “extra” medications, the woman starts feeding the baby with her milk or the baby will correctly pick up the artificial mixture.
By the month, the composition of the small intestinal flora will be close to that of an adult, and the density of bacteria will reach the “norm” by the 4–5th year of life.
To protect your baby from the troubles that may lead to intestinal dysbiosis, you need to consult a doctor. First of all, the doctor will pay attention to the baby’s diet, and if the baby eats breast milk, then the mother’s menu.
It is very important that the diet of a woman includes products specifically designed for young mothers: they contain vitamins and minerals necessary for the nervous system of the small amino acid taurine and omega-fatty acids. If the baby eats substitutes for mom’s milk, it is worthwhile to select mixes in which there are means for improving the functioning of the intestines (dietary fiber).
It happens that dysbiosis disappears by itself. However, doctors have at their disposal an arsenal of tools for correcting the lost balance: probiotics, which include beneficial microbes, and prebiotics, drugs that help the growth of beneficial microorganisms.
It is possible to establish the balance of intestinal microflora with the help of products containing bifidobacteria and lactobacilli: yoghurts, kefir, special milk formulas.