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Do not misunderstand me!

Do not misunderstand me!

There may be several reasons for baby crying.

The child is hungry. At the same time, the baby opens his mouth and smacks his lips.

Line up the feeding schedule, the daily regimen, and then the “hunger riots” will be much less.

Tired and wants to sleep. The child rubs his eyes and twists his head.

Toddler tortured colic. Put the baby on your shoulder – perhaps the baby just needs to belch. Shake the baby, holding it in your arms or knees, up and down, exerting light pressure on the chest and tummy.

You can use a kangaroo backpack or sling, where it is convenient to put the child, and gently, rhythmically shake. If the crying continues, and the tummy is tense – give a remedy for colic.

Such drugs act quickly: if a child is really tormented by gases, in 10–15 minutes he should calm down. It will be useful to make the baby a light massage of the tummy: circular strokes clockwise, starting from the right bottom side and further up.

Well helps exercise “bike” when you alternately bend the legs of the crumbs as if he rides a bicycle. You can put a diaper warmed up on the stomach with an iron.

The baby is cold. The baby becomes pale, his hands, feet, and nose become cold; a blue may appear in the area of ​​the nasolabial triangle.

If the baby is hot, he blushes and sweats.

Boring Switch the attention of the baby, change the activity.

Remember that at this age, children do not yet know how to control their emotions, but they are easily tuned to a new wave.

Alone. Take the baby in your arms, shake, sing the lullaby. Physical and emotional contact with the mother in the first years of life is extremely important.

The lack of it can slow down the mental and intellectual development of the child!

Do not misunderstand me!

Sometimes children can make incredibly high, shrill sounds. This may mean that the child is in a good mood and he thus shows his approval to adults in response to certain actions, for example, when the mother tickles the heels or knees or raises the baby high above her head.

However, sometimes a children’s long screech is a kind of singing: the baby listens to its own voice and learns to control it.

Interesting conclusions were made by scientists of the University of Washington, who investigated the sounds of newborns. Babies hear all the frequencies at the same time, so that they can respond to unexpected sounds by imitating them. For this reason, babies up to a year first make sounds similar to squeaks and screams.

These sounds are predominant in the general flow of sound information, which is why the child imitates them. As they grow older, the range of sound perception narrows, and then the child begins to imitate the sounds of adults, developing speech.

Often babies puff and groan when they defecate, while looking intently at one point and tense up with their whole body. The fact is that in newborns the abdominal muscles are not very strong, so they have to work hard.

This is completely normal, kids do not need help, they do not need enemas and laxatives.

In addition, the crumb can puff when it is in an uncomfortable position: trying to get out of the diapers or roll over from the back to the stomach. Thus, puffing is a sign of the child’s active and focused activity.

The respiratory system of the newborn is imperfect. The child may sniffle so loudly that the parents begin to worry and suspect a cold.

However, in most cases do not worry: sniff occurs because the nose of the newborn is too low and the air hardly passes through the nasal canals. Gradually, as the baby matures, the nose bridge rises higher, and the sniff will disappear.

Do not misunderstand me!

It looks like an animal, primitive sound. Appears to 5−6 months. At first, babies just like new skills — making snarling sounds tickling their tongues.

Over time, the growl turns into a grumble, through which the grown-up child expresses its displeasure, anger, resentment.

Up to 4 months, the baby welcomes everyone who takes him in his arms. Having stepped over the line of 4–5 months, he begins to single out his parents, reacting violently as they approach, animatedly moving his arms and legs and making quiet, seething sounds. Thus, the baby expresses the need for communication and emotional connection with loved ones.

In the same period, the baby will delight you first with a quiet giggle, and then an infectious laugh. Laughter is a sign of a serious jump in emotional development, evidence that the child is happy.

At first, children are having fun when they are raised and lowered sharply, caress, tickle. After a while they find funny naughty dances, stupid grimacing, clowning, responding with loud unrestrained laughter – this is a manifestation of the beginnings of humor.

A cheerful, optimistic atmosphere in the house is extremely important – it promotes sensory and motor development.

These sounds appear a few weeks after birth. You should not be afraid, as a rule, they, on the contrary, mean that the baby is relaxed and feels safe.

Hearing children’s sighs, dim the lights, turn off the loud music so that the baby can enjoy a state of peace, silence and comfort.

Do not misunderstand me!

Our brain consists of two hemispheres, one of which is responsible for speech and fine motor skills. It has long been proven that speech areas are formed under the influence of impulses from fingers. That is why the love of finger games and the first speech skills are manifested in children in the same period: in 5–6 months, children begin to play with their fingers and have fun with “voice” exercises.

This is a kind of preparation for mastering the language, which begins with exercises in the pronunciation of individual sounds. This period is called the stage of walking and gukanya.

The child pronounces the backfilling (r, k, x) and vowel sounds resembling the combinations “ghy”, “aghy”, “aiy”. The next stage is the period of babble, of a sequential speech, rich in intonations and melodies. Another famous psychologist LS

Vygotsky wrote that during this period “the child begins to understand that sounds and their combinations can mean certain objects, that with their help you can achieve a lot, that by saying“ am-am ”you can get food, and by saying“ ma-ma “You can call mom.” After 7−8 months, parents can begin to engage in articulation gymnastics, the development of fine motor skills and the formation of the correct sound pronunciation.

A group of Russian and Finnish researchers studied the sounds of four Russian and four Finnish babies at the age of 3 and 6 months, recording them in St. Petersburg and Turku during their interaction with their mothers. The study revealed that in the first months of life, all babies in the world “speak” the same language, but in the second half of the year sounds that are specific only to the native language occur.

So, the Russians started to get the sounds of “gee”, “dy”, absent from the Finns, and the latter – “bye”, “mu”, “ki”, which the Russians didn’t have.

Often adults at the sight of a baby begin to lisp. However, the baby is extremely sensitive to the norms of the language: simplified speech and unnatural intonation can adversely affect the development of speech skills in the baby, so baby talk should be avoided.

Parent speech should be literate, clear, clear and diverse.

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