If dizziness happened before pregnancy, it is most likely associated with diseases that affect the blood supply to the brain: osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, vascular dystonia, diseases of the heart and blood vessels, anemia, etc. While carrying a baby, unpleasant symptoms may increase, since the hormonal changes in the body affect the course of the underlying disease. In this case, the expectant mother should contact a neurologist or therapist.
They will recommend physiotherapy or drug therapy.
If nothing like this happened outside of pregnancy, then dizziness is directly related to carrying a baby. In this case, they must first be informed of their gynecologist.
He will prescribe the necessary studies, diagnose and advise on the diet and daily regimen, prescribe medications if necessary.
Dizziness is usually accompanied by early toxicosis. To avoid seizures, you need to take measures that help alleviate the condition during toxicosis.
For example, you can suck a slice of lemon or drink water with squeezed lemon juice. After the 12th week, well-being usually improves and dizziness disappears.
In the first trimester of one of the causes of dizziness, there may also be changes occurring in the blood supply system of the expectant mother. Due to the additional synthesis of blood cells, its total volume increases. To ensure its circulation, the heart begins to work in an enhanced mode.
At the initial stage of pregnancy, the adaptive mechanisms are still imperfect and cannot always provide for the increased needs of the body. Because of this, the blood supply sometimes deteriorates, which can cause hypoxia (insufficient oxygen supply) of the brain. It is manifested by vertigo.
If no action is taken, they may be followed by a swoon — a brief loss of consciousness. To prevent this from happening, it is recommended that a woman sit down and relax at the first sign of indisposition.
Dizziness may also occur due to stagnation of blood in the lower parts of the body. This happens if the expectant mother is on her feet for a long time, especially in a stuffy and cramped room where there are a lot of people. A vivid example is public transport.
If you use it, do not hesitate to ask to give you a place. Wearing compression garments (compression golf or stockings) will also help solve the problem.
Sometimes dizziness is associated with vegetative-vascular dystonia – a violation of vascular tone. If at the same time the arterial pressure drops, vegetable stimulants will help to normalize it – for example, infusions of schisandra, bearberry, levzey. If it rises sharply, sedative (sedative) herbal preparations are applied, such as valerian, mint, and motherwort tincture.
Phytopreparations treatment regimen prescribed by the attending physician. He may also recommend drugs that stabilize blood circulation, such as B vitamins, potassium preparations, and calcium.
Another cause of discomfort – a drop in blood glucose levels. This may be due to the fact that a pregnant woman did not eat for a long time. The level of sugar in the blood drops sharply, which causes a headache. After a meal, the sugar content in the blood quickly rises, in response, the pancreas begins to produce large amounts of insulin.
After this hormone, which maintains a normal level of glucose in the body, enters the blood, its sugar content rapidly decreases. Such dramatic changes cause bouts of dizziness.
The way out of the difficulty is simple: eat often, but eat a little. The basis of the diet should be complex carbohydrates – cereals, bread, vegetables and fruits, which provide a constant intake of moderate amounts of glucose.
To relieve the condition directly during the attack, you can eat candy or suck on a piece of sugar.
In the later stages of pregnancy (after 10–12 weeks), dizziness may be triggered by a rapid change in body position. For example, the expectant mother lay on her back and rises abruptly.
In this situation, the enlarged uterus can squeeze the large venous vessels, due to which the blood flow to the heart is reduced, which means that the blood supply to other internal organs, especially the brain, is deteriorating. The position of the body should be changed gradually: first, slowly roll over on its side, then gently hang the legs and only then gradually raise the torso.
But most often in the second half of pregnancy, vertigo becomes one of the symptoms of iron deficiency anemia. This complication is revealed with the help of a routine blood test that the expectant mother regularly donates. If the hemoglobin level is at the lower limit of normal, the doctor will prescribe iron supplements for prophylaxis.
In addition, he would recommend the inclusion of iron-rich foods in the diet: beef, buckwheat, apples, beans, green vegetables, dried apricots, etc.
After 6 months of pregnancy, the volume of blood in a woman’s body rapidly increases. To reduce the increased load, the heart muscle periodically relaxes, and the blood vessels expand. This leads to a decrease in blood pressure, which can also cause dizziness in late periods.
Hypotension is indicated if the pressure drops to 100 x 60 mm Hg or less. Such a phenomenon may be accompanied by fainting. Note: with hypotension, the expectant mother rarely loses consciousness suddenly and suddenly.
Usually, this is preceded by a feeling of weakness, increased sweating, dizziness, and severe headache. At the first such symptoms it is recommended to sit down or lie down, you can close your eyes.
Some women feel sick when they tense up when they cough, urinate, or defecate. These actions can provoke a “vasovagal syncope” (named after the vagus, the main nerve going from the head to the lower abdomen through the cardiovascular system). It is preceded by a sharp drop in blood pressure, heart palpitations, dizziness, nausea, yawning, and rapid breathing.
Such a reaction can also cause pain, anxiety or dehydration.
But even if there are no fainting or they happened only 1−2 times, you should inform the attending gynecologist about dizziness. He will conduct a survey and the results of blood tests, urine, ultrasound of the heart, ECG will be able to determine the cause of indisposition. If dizziness is accompanied by fainting, the woman is usually hospitalized.
If you feel well-being, outpatient treatment is possible. At the same time, it is not at all necessary to increase the pressure to normal numbers.
It is enough just to achieve a good state of health. An excellent tonic effect can have infusions of St. John’s wort and yarrow, strawberry leaves, rosehips, chicory flowers.
Helps to improve the tone of blood vessels as a moderate consumption of tea and physiotherapy procedures. All doses should be prescribed only by a doctor!
After the 28th week, dizziness can be a “prelude” to such a serious complication as pre-eclampsia. In this case, it is caused by a change in blood viscosity, a violation of water-salt metabolism and the removal of proteins from the body. A woman’s blood pressure rises, and flies appear in front of her eyes.
The baby also feels discomfort. In such a situation, an urgent need to consult a doctor.
He will prescribe urine tests for both total and protein fractions, as well as a biochemical blood test. Based on their results, a decision is made about hospitalization.
As a rule, it is possible to stabilize the state only in the hospital.
Regardless of the gestational age, reducing the risk of dizziness helps to follow simple guidelines. It is desirable for a future mother to avoid places of large crowds of people, often to air the room. It is recommended to walk more, 1-2 hours to rest during the day, sleep at night for at least 10 hours.
Moderate exercise is very helpful, especially special exercises for pregnant women. At the same time, the cardiovascular system is trained, the vessels adapt to new conditions more quickly and maintain normal blood flow in any situation.
You can not long remain immobile or be in one position. It is necessary from time to time to get up, to indulge, you can walk, do simple breathing exercises.
Water procedures are also useful for strengthening vessels: cool showers (water temperature 20–22 ° C water) or contrast baths for arms and legs. The temperature of the water varies from 18–20 ° C to 37–38 ° C. The alternate exposure to heat and cold trains the walls of blood vessels, making them elastic.
It is also recommended to swim in the pool. But you need to be sure that all sanitary standards are respected in it.