Not all infections and not always create problems. Doctors fear those that may cause inflammation in the future mother’s body (it may complicate the course of pregnancy) or go to the baby.
It is believed that the expectant mother is better protected from SARS in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, so as not to risk a halt in its development. Fortunately, everything usually costs. “Cold” infections do not bother the future baby, unless the temperature of his mother does not rise above 37.5 ° C.
To reduce the heat, paracetamol will help the expectant mother, and the body will cope with mild ailment without medication; you just need to help him. Drink plenty (cranberry juice, tea, milk with mineral water), and if you have a strong cough, sore throat or runny nose, use, for example, Bioparox (Servier / Egis), Herbion (Krka), children’s nose drops.
Diarrhea or vomiting usually does not affect the well-being of the baby, because inflammation in these cases affects only the intestines. The problem can only be a big loss of fluid and high temperature, so for any intestinal infection you need to drink a lot. If the cause of the poisoning is a dangerous causative agent of dysentery or salmonellosis, the woman may need a course of antibiotics.
In other cases, such as with enterovirus infection, treatment is reduced to relieving unpleasant symptoms.
Of all the “childhood” infections, it can cause the most unpleasant consequences — the rest do not directly affect the development of the unborn child. If a woman first develops rubella during pregnancy, the virus can cause serious developmental defects in her baby.
This risk is directly dependent on the duration of pregnancy: the smaller it is, the more likely it is that problems will develop.
Those of us who have suffered this disease in childhood will not be able to become infected again. That is why, when the analysis of antibodies to the rubella virus shows that the future mother’s body has already “met” him, it means that the infection is not dangerous for him.
The absence of antibodies is a reason to be protected from rubella in anticipation of the baby, and if only pregnancy is planned, to be vaccinated.
Usually, antibodies to pathogens of this disease are in pet lovers, especially cats. The doctor will advise those who do not have antibodies, not to eat badly roasted meat, not to touch stray cats, and pet housewives – not to clean their toilet.
Even if these viruses were discovered in the future mother, there is no need to worry: the majority of women are just their carriers, and this does not threaten the baby. Treatment may be necessary if the infection is often exacerbated.
And complications in the development of the baby are possible only in the case when a woman first becomes infected during pregnancy.
The presence of hepatitis B or C viruses in a woman’s body will require an examination from an infectious disease specialist, and by its results it will be possible to judge what phase the disease is in. Most often, it proceeds without exacerbations, and the danger of infecting a child is minimal.
But if a woman first became ill with hepatitis B or C during pregnancy, there is a danger that the baby will be born with congenital hepatitis, although such viruses do not cause abnormalities in the development of children and special treatment is not required.
STIs can interfere with pregnancy — for example, they often cause inflammatory diseases of the uterus and its appendages. It is necessary to treat these infections not only for the woman, but also for her partner.
Chlamydia, gonokokk, Trichomonas
Their danger is that they can “get” to the baby or facilitate the entry into the body of other microbes. That is why these diseases must be treated with antibiotics.
Ureaplasma, mycoplasma, gardnerella
These microorganisms are opportunistic: they often live in the body without disturbing it. But if there are too many of them, they cause inflammation or dysbacteriosis of the vagina, and they cannot do without treatment.
Streptococcus, E. coli, enterococcus, staphylococcus
They can cause inflammation and harm the health of the baby. Treatment with antibiotics is often prescribed to women who have had problems with exacerbation of these infections, the onset or development of pregnancy in the past, and others need it less often.