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Consultations of Dr. Komarovsky

Consultations of Dr. Komarovsky

Do tablets and smartphones spoil your eyesight?

Yes, and also computers and televisions. Children’s organs of vision develop according to an optimally favorable scenario, if the eyes most of the time are looking away. The distance from the child to the screen, agree, well, very small.

The smaller it is, the greater the risk that the lens will begin to adapt to the performance of unnatural tasks and will change its shape. And the muscles of the eyes will be forced to strain so hard to look at the image close, that they will not relax.

All this, combined with a lack of sunlight, can lead to myopia. Now specific numbers.

From 2 to 5 years, a child can spend no more than 1 hour per day at intervals of any screen size. The duration of one “session” is 15 minutes.

After 5 years and up to 18, you can look at the screen no longer than 2 hours a day, and breaks should be taken every 30–45 minutes.

Now many parents take babies everywhere. Is it dangerous for the baby?

As far as I understand, we are not talking about traveling with children, but about visiting public places. Source of ARVI – people.

The more of them around us, the higher the chance to catch the virus. Parents should clearly understand that every trip in public transport and even a one-time trip to a circus, museum, theater, cafe or shop can result in a diagnosis of ARVI. To expose a child to such a risk or not, parents decide.

But it would be good to assess the consequences of these “appearances” and find out whether they are so necessary. After all, if the payment for a trip with the dad to the aquarium will be a mild cold with a three-day rhinitis, this is one thing, but if three hours of fun turn into fever, bronchitis and two-week imprisonment in four walls, probably, the idea is not too humane.

If a child’s runny nose lasts for 2–3 weeks, can he not walk into the garden? After all, there is no temperature, and the baby feels cheerful and cheerful.

The most common cause of a cold in children is a viral infection. It is clear that if a sick child comes with an acute respiratory viral infection to a regular kindergarten, where they walk 15 minutes twice a day, where it is dry and heated in the bedroom, where the rooms are rarely ventilated, he will definitely infect someone. There is another very likely risk.

It should also be considered. If a child, even with a slight runny nose, comes to the garden described above, then during a nap in the heat and dryness the snot in his nose will dry out and he will begin to breathe through his mouth.

And this is a direct path to drying out the mucous membrane of the lower respiratory tract and the development of complications. Moreover, the fault will be, of course, the mother, who led the sick child to the garden, and not the administration, which does not provide adequate conditions for the maintenance of children in preschool institutions.

By the way, these conditions are prescribed in sanitary-epidemiological norms, but they are not always observed. In many countries, children go to the garden with a runny nose. And even with a temperature of 38 ° C.

But they understand perfectly well what needs to be done so that ARVI does not have chances for instant distribution.

How to give your child drugs containing vitamin D: courses or year round?

In general, the recommendations are as follows. First, that kind of vitamin D, which is called cholecalciferol, is best absorbed. We know him also under the name “vitamin D3”.

It comes in different forms. Secondly, 1000 units of cholecalciferol – this is the dose that is recommended daily for all and always. There are two exceptions when the doctor may increase the dose.

Between the ages of 1 year and 3 years, it is advisable to give children 1,500 units of vitamin D3, and adolescents from 1,000 to 2,000 units, depending on their body weight and lifestyle. In any case, prescribe vitamin D, pick up its dosage form and calculate the dose – this is the direct task of the doctor.

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