Caring mothers and fathers even before the birth of a baby are interested in methods of early musical education. A little crumb will be on its feet – they record it in classes at children’s centers.
Of course, not every baby musician will grow into a future conductor or composer, singer or pianist. But music is absolutely necessary for everyone.
Without it, harmonious, intellectual development of the personality is impossible, because musicality is directly connected with thinking and memory. Children with a good ear learn foreign languages more easily.
The sense of rhythm contributes to the coordination of movements. And listening to the classics helps the child to perceive the world brighter, sharpens his emotions and experiences, develops imagination and imagination. In a word, musical education is useful in all respects (of course, if parents and teachers do not change their sense of proportion).
Music, however, like all others, can not be engaged by force.
The baby hears music around him – and my mother’s lullabies, and songs from radio and television receivers, and special audio recordings. He actively adds his own sounds to the surrounding melodies: even a two-, three-month infant already sings short vocalises of his own composition. Mom carefully listens to the intonation of the child and sings herself, the baby repeats the sounds of her voice.
If the voice of an adult sounds clear, without falsehood, then in the future, most likely, the child will have no problems with the ear for music. A quiet singing mother, her gentle intonations soothe the baby, can relieve pain and even reduce the temperature.
Have you noticed how children like birds chirping, the sound of a stream or spring drops? And the very first classic works in the life of a baby are similar to the music of nature. At three months, a child can listen to V.-A.
Mozart – “Little Shepherd” or a variation on the theme “Oh, I would tell you, maman.” Babies enjoy listening to “K Eliza” and the first part of Beethoven’s “Moonlight Sonatas,” Leopold Mozart’s Game Symphony for Children.
Support for parents – audio tapes with recordings of classical music, specially selected for kids. Computer and synth sound better to exclude. Let the children from the very beginning hear surroundings and chamber ensembles, flute, and piano.
However, important is not only audible, but also visible music. For example, under the slow part of “Winter” from the “Seasons” by Vivaldi, a child can be shown how it is snowing outside the window. Emotionally intense, serious symphonies, of course, must be avoided for the time being.
You can inadvertently scare the child or overly excite him. It is also harmful to listen to music all day. For babies, just a few minutes of serious music a day is enough. There are babies and their own “orchestra” – rattles, tweeters, musical toys.
Moms shake rhythmically over their beds with round rattles that look like real maracas percussion instruments. As soon as the baby starts picking up toys with handles, he will be able to play something himself.
The most capable will reproduce quite distinct compositions on account one-two. And mom will sing something funny to the beat.
So, in three or four months, the child first becomes acquainted with the rhythm.
The one-year-old child sings himself and sings along with his parents. Independently waving his hands in time with a familiar melody (when he was less, his mother would part his palms to the sides, humming “Ladushki-ladushki”). Musical games and rhythmic gymnastics are repeated and gradually become more complex.
The main thing – do not tire the baby and do not engage with him through force. Offer him, say, to roll the balls to smooth melodies and toss the ball under brisk polkahs or marches (Mozart’s “Turkish March” is suitable for this activity).
When a child begins to walk, parents can expand the range of musical activities through dance movements. First, the baby, hearing your favorite music, tramples it to the beat.
A little later – he dances, marches, jumps like a bunny, or waddling over from one foot to the other, like a toed teddy bear. The child is more and more fascinated by the sounds that are heard from his touch on musical instruments. If there is a guitar at home, the kid touches her strings.
If the piano – presses the keys, listening in surprise, as the sound disappears in silence. On certain keys, you can attach colored balls of plastic or salt dough, then the game will be more focused.
Show the little musician that you can not only beat the keys on the palm of your hand, but also press them with the pads of your fingers.
Starting from 1.5 years you can take a child to classes with professional teachers. Children sing – teachers monitor proper breathing and diction. They play simple scenes to the music.
They learn to distinguish between registers (a bear wanders in the bass, and birds fly in high sounds). The task of parents is to consolidate their knowledge.
You can do at home every day for 10-15 minutes. With a 2–3-year-old kid, try to write together fairy tales, listening to plays from Tchaikovsky’s “Children’s Album” or fragments from Mozart’s operas. Well, if the music will be accompanied by classes in drawing and modeling, which, in turn, train hands for playing the piano.
And Bach’s music, by the way, will help the child concentrate. At the age of 3, familiarity with musical notation usually begins: you can paint notes in different colors and invent fairy tales about them.
At four, children learn to play on a metallophone and enjoy participating in musical performances with dolls, singing and dancing.
In conclusion, a review of several children’s centers in Moscow, where they will be happy to meet the future Oystrains and Lemeshevs.
– st. Lobachevsky, 38, t: 432 9735; 8 916 6967427.
School-studio of early development based on classical music. Kids from 1.5 to 2.5 years old are engaged with their mothers.
In groups of five children. Not only recordings sound, but also live music performed by a professional flutist, violinist, and pianist.
Kids from 2 to 6 years old are engaged in the school-studio “Seasons”. The school operates in the “kindergarten” mode (three full days).
Children try to play the violin, the recorder.
Children’s Center “Fantasy”
– st. Liza Chaykina, 4, t. 152 6927.
In the program of musical lessons with children from 3 to 6 years old – singing, rhythmics, acquaintance with the basics of musical skills, listening to music, playing on the metallophone. Children study in their age groups of eight people twice a week.
Family Support Center “Christmas”
– Khamovnichesky Val, 16, or ul. Voitovich, 30, t. 245 7370.
Accepted children from 1.5 years. Kids sing along to moms, move to the music.
Much attention is paid to the folk music and traditional Russian holidays.
“English Baby Club”
9th km Rublevo-Uspenskoye Highway, t .: 418 4202, 418 4389. In class with children from 2 to 7 years old world classics are used, the best examples of folk, jazz, modern music, English songs for kids.
Classes include musical-plastic improvisations, vocals, exercises for the development of auditory attention, sense of rhythm and musical ear; playing on the “coloristic” instruments (bells, plates, boxes, castanets, block flutes, tone blocks, metallophones, etc.).
Studio “Malyshok” in the club “Phoenix”
– st. Gerasim Kurina, 44, Bldg. 1, t. 144 5519.
Children are accepted from 3 years. Kids sing, move to the music, master the noise instruments, do rhythm and finger exercises.
Get acquainted with the piano keyboard. Classes in groups of five people are held twice a week.