Immediately after conception, a global hormonal rearrangement begins in the female body. These changes are physiological, inevitable and due to the new mode of operation of all major organs and systems. The skin responds to them almost instantly, because on the surface of its cells there are receptors for estrogen and progesterone.
The problem is that the response gives future mothers a strong discomfort. The change in the balance of the main female hormones leads to a violation of the protective functions of the skin.
First of all, albeit slightly, the pH level rises, and normally the acidic biochemical environment on the surface of the epidermis becomes weakly alkaline.
In such conditions, harmful microorganisms begin to multiply actively, so the risk of skin diseases, including pustular, increases. But this is not the only trouble. When the protective barrier is broken, the skin begins to lose water in large quantities, and this leads to a loss of elasticity and the appearance of stretch marks on the chest and abdomen.
The lack of moisture disrupts the enzymes, so the skin begins to peel off and becomes rough. At the same time, the risk of allergic reactions even increases over the proven cosmetics. Such hypersensitivity is due to a decrease in local (“skin”) immunity during pregnancy.
Under the influence of hormones, melanin production is also enhanced, which leads to the formation of pigment spots.
The main task is to properly moisturize the skin. Now only soft means are suitable for this role. From very fat masks for all 9 months will have to be abandoned.
They leave behind a film that prevents the evaporation of moisture, which increases the pH level. An indispensable condition – the presence of glycerin in the composition. The remaining moisturizing ingredients may vary.
Among the best are hyaluronic acid, lactic acid and its salts, milk proteins, urea, collagen and elastin hydrolysates, wheat proteins, pyrrolidonecarboxylic acid, sorbitol, chitosan, pectins and alginates. Moisturizers are needed for both face and body.
Prevent the appearance of stretch marks on the abdomen and chest can only be the case if you start prevention from the first days of pregnancy. Apply the moisturizing substance to the vulnerable areas immediately after the shower on a slightly damp skin.
Audits will require cleansers. The first under the ban gets natural soap.
The normal pH level of healthy skin is 4-6.0 units. In natural soap, this indicator varies in the range from 9 to 11, which means that it has a powerful alkalizing effect. In the bathroom, it is desirable to have synthetic cleansing agents.
As such, it turns out that almost all types of liquid and solid soap and shower gels, which are sold in supermarkets. Their pH level is in the range of 5.5−6, although it is not indicated by all manufacturers.
If the product contains bacteriostats or triclosans, it is better not to buy it: these substances kill not only harmful, but also beneficial microorganisms, thereby disrupting the skin microflora.
It is impossible to fight with pigmentation with cosmetics during pregnancy: they are all to some extent unsafe. For example, they contain hydroquinone, a substance that destroys specific cells (melanocytes) that synthesize melanin and provide protection from the sun.
A cream or serum with vitamin C is ideal for prophylaxis. If the skin is a priori very vulnerable, the risk of pigment spots will be higher. In this case, more benefits will bring special anti-stress agents for the hypersensitive type with the addition of peptides or extracts of prickly capers, elderberry, thyme. If the stains have already appeared, it is better to go through the treatment after childbirth, but for now the same vitamin C will help.
Sunscreens designed to prevent pigmentation also pose a threat. Only those products that contain ingredients of inorganic origin (for example, titanium dioxide, aluminum oxide) are considered relatively harmless. Conventional formulas contain organic filters, and they can accumulate in adipose tissue and in breast milk.
So sunscreen is wiser to choose from a specialized line for pregnant and lactating mothers.
Studying the label is a guarantee of health for both mother and baby. Usually the ingredients are listed in descending order. Any cosmetic is 70% water.
In second place are emulsifiers – substances that give the cream a uniform consistency. The fewer or weaker they are, the better, because these components are capable of disrupting the barrier functions of the skin. If the composition used potent emulsifiers, the cream will be gentle, airy and fast-absorbing.
To protect yourself, it is better to choose products with a sticky and thick texture.
At the end, the biologically active components are listed: vitamins, extracts, oils, polysaccharides and synthetic additives. Of vitamins, care should be taken only to vitamin A: its overabundance may harm the baby.
The extracts are much more insidious: some are dangerous for the child, others can cause allergies or increase the sensitivity of the skin to the mother. So in this matter it is better to trust the professionals: industry leaders maintain quality standards (the purity of the extract is also an important factor), and manufacturers of cosmetics for pregnant women eliminate all undesirable components.