Главная 7 Child development 7 Christmas traditions

Christmas traditions

Christmas traditions

As nobles and aristocrats celebrated Christmas, we can still imagine. A magnificent Christmas tree in candles, beautiful toys, rich gifts, champagne and a table full of food.

But all this entourage is inspired by the West, however, like our modern one. As the main Christian holiday was celebrated by the common people, no one will even remember. We heard about sochivo, carols and the custom of guessing the night before Christmas.

Only our ideas, alas, are very blurred. Yet Christmas in Russia was given the same importance as in the Catholic world.

Traditions that existed before the adoption of Christianity, kept peasants. Pagan rituals, which over the centuries organically intertwined with the Orthodox faith, helped them to stay closer to nature, overcome the winter blues and survive the cold.

And how do we solve this problem? At best, we go to visit each other, and at worst – we sit all weekend in front of the TV or wrap ourselves in a blanket with a dull look.

Our children take with us an example and languish from boredom at our side. The peasants used much more effective recipes and knew how to enjoy the holidays from the heart.

At Christmas in Russia just no one missed. On the contrary, unbridled merriment reigned around, fervent songs sounded, laughter was heard. And today, nothing prevents us from touching the ancient layer of Slavic culture and filling the Christmas holiday with new meaning.

And if some rites and traditions seem strange or difficult to implement, they can always be modernized.

Before the revolution, Christmas in Russia was celebrated on the night of December 24-25 (old style). But one day walking was not limited.

On Christmas Eve, before the start of the main church service, Christmas Eve was celebrated. It started with Christmas time, which lasted 12 days and, apart from Christmas, covered two more winter holidays – New Year and Baptism.

This time period is directly related to the solar calendar, more precisely, to the winter solstice, which falls on the night of December 21-22. Like all nations, the Slavs treated such astronomical phenomena carefully. If only because it was impossible not to feel the longest nights and short days of the year.

There is little light during the day, it is freezing outside, and vitamins are running out. Our ancestors had to really tight. Survival in the dark and cold season helped them caroling – the main winter Slavic ritual, timed to coincide with the Christmastime.

According to one version, the word “kolyada” itself means “winter sun”. In any case, it was the sun, which was so lacking, that the peasants tried to wake up in themselves. The worst thing was to get sick and lie down in bed, because there was little chance of getting up.

To endure until spring, it was necessary to laugh and move as much as possible, so all the rituals associated with the celebration of Christmas-tales were designed to raise the level of adrenaline in the blood. We definitely have something to learn from our ancestors, and at the same time you can have fun with the whole family in the New Year holidays.

Especially if you already become boring tree, Santa Claus and snowmen.

Christmas traditions

  • The peasants kolyadov not only on the night before Christmas, New Year and Baptism, but at any other time at Christmastime. In the mornings, children went around the house with songs (carols), in the evening they were replaced by adults. As a sign of gratitude, the hosts carried out a noisy swell of bacon, pies, gingerbread
  • Kolewschiki certainly used masquerade elements: they lined up at the gentleman and mistress, played with their participation comic scenes. But the main ritual character was a goat (or goat). This hoof was found in every peasant house and was valued above the cow in the village. The goat, after all, gave not only milk and meat, but also wool. And her presence at the festival was obligatory. Either one of the carollers dressed as a goat, wearing a sheepskin coat turned inside out, or a wooden goat on a long pole was carried over the crowd. A good omen was considered to touch her.
  • The fun was collective, but closer to the night the adults kept the children off to bed. And then began a real rampant. It is because of the dubious games with erotic overtones that the church was ambiguous about the Christmas festivities. True, no less than the peasants, and large and small, loved scary fun. It was common for guys to hide in a dark alley and frighten passers-by to death to scream with wild cries. And the most popular was the game in the “dead”. The man who portrayed the dead man lay down on the bench and closed his eyes. The rest of the participants led round dances around him until, at some point, he did not come to life and did not start chasing them all over the hut. Emotions beat over the edge! The one whom the “dead man” caught was laid down in his place, and the game began on a new one. All succumbed: it was believed, if you die in the game, it means that long life is guaranteed.
  • Closer to Svyatka necessarily did charms. The father of the family selected the largest straw and made from it a huge standing doll with a head and a triangular body, which symbolized a sundress. Neither the eye, nor the mouth, nor the nose of the effigy traced. According to custom, when the carols approached the hut, all the children in the house had to hide behind this doll and sit quietly until they left. And although they did not let the carols into the house and kept them in the passage, they had the opportunity to look into the open door. If a kid ran out of his shelter or stuck his head out of curiosity, the head of the family was very angry. If carols saw children, it was considered a bad omen.

Roes are Arkhangelsk gingerbread in the form of the main ritual animal goat. First, they became popular in the North, then the tradition moved to other regions.

The dough was done in two weeks. The glaze was necessarily colored, but it was tinted with only natural dyes, such as beetroot or carrot.

Christmas traditions

Christmas traditions

At Svyatky peasants liked to gather by candlelight around the den. This portable mini-theater was a wooden box, often with two or three floors.

They symbolized the earth and heavenly worlds. At the bottom there were slots that allowed the puppeteer to move around the scene of their characters. Folk tragedies were set up on biblical subjects in the dens.

The most popular was the “Death of King Herod.” True, only the name was tragic.

In fact, the performance turned into a hilarious comedy and caused Homeric laughter to the audience.

It was believed that in the Christmas week the spirits are very close to the person, and our ancestors always used this circumstance. They were guessing everywhere, but the occupation was purely female. Guys, like modern men, acted as skeptics – they teased and made fun of silly young ladies.

There were many variants of divination, the most beloved one was to throw a felt boot and find out which side to wait for the betrothed.

О admin

x

Check Also

An online conference “Responsible Parent” will be held

From February 23 to 28, a free Internet conference “Responsible Parent” will take place. It ...

First supplements: organic or natural products?

Complementary foods usually begin at the age of 6 months: it is at this age ...

Questions to the gynecologist: Dihydrotestosterone increased

At the planning stage of pregnancy, it turned out that my level of dihydrotestosterone is ...

How to save the daughter from mistakes?

The daughter will cope, her soul will grow stronger and gain experience. One fine day, ...

How to calculate weight gain during pregnancy?

For physicians who monitor pregnancy, patient weights are of particular importance. Its surplus is the ...

Question to the gynecologist: How to deal with a headache during pregnancy?

How to deal with severe headache during pregnancy, because medications cannot be taken? Victoria, Moscow ...

Where to go with mom and baby: the most fashionable and hospitable places in Moscow

A new place where you can come with a child and at the same time ...

Appetite education

Disguise pieces of meat mashed potatoes? Perhaps at first this maneuver will succeed, but it ...

A question to the pediatrician: should iodine be given to the child?

Iodine is necessary for the synthesis of thyroid hormones. In children with a lack of ...

My daughter constantly confesses my love. ”

Good night everybody!

In infancy, babies are driven by nature-reflexes and a genetic program. The child basically only ...

Hormonal rhinitis pregnant

Breathing problems may occur already in early pregnancy. Immediately after conception, specific hormones – estrogen ...

Nurturing the will power of the child

To be persistent, self-possessed, to have self-discipline is very important for a person. Most of ...

Elevated blood sugar and diet

This study is prescribed to all expectant mothers in order to detect diabetes in time, ...

Age crisis

Old ways of behavior stop working: the child has new opportunities and he is going ...

Question to the pediatrician: Does the child have a wart because I infected him with HPV?

The appearance of warts (scientifically – papillomas) can only be caused by human papillomavirus, even ...

Air environment

City dwellers spend a day on average 22 hours out of 24 in an enclosed ...

My daughter does not like the violation of the usual order “

It is very important for your two-year-old daughter that the world should be constant and ...

Greek holidays: Evia island

Ask someone to list the Greek islands. Crete, Kos, Rhodes, Corfu … then there is ...

From a cat you can get tuberculosis

A message from the UK Healthcare Authority can lead to a revision of attitudes towards ...

Birthday is a difficult holiday

The child thought he would be the king of the holiday. And you spend your ...

If love lives in the heart: raising a child “according to Sears”

Americans William and Martha Sears are not just writers, but doctors. Bill is a pediatrician, ...

How to teach a child to part without tears

One of the popular “grandmother’s” methods of parting without tears – this is a distraction ...

Hemangiomas and moles on the body of a child: what to do with them

It happens that the spots on a tiny body look frightening, but usually do not ...