Today we are learning to work with data in a completely different format and in a completely new way. Instead of our favorite leather-bound book, we have on our shelf a tablet that holds the library. Ball pens, not to mention pencils, fell out of favor altogether: they look old-fashioned, they write clumsily.
Thanks to smartphones, the need for them almost disappeared: now, in order to write a letter, one finger is enough for us. Taking into account all these changes, many parents are confident that very soon children at school will not write and essay dictations and print. No, seriously: in Italy, for example, students who find it difficult to master a letter are already allowed not to suffer and go to the keyboard.
True, nobody has canceled the psychological theory of Vygotsky’s activity: if we train our hand, the writing skill is formed. And if not, then the child simply will not learn to write.
The letter, which in our culture is inextricably linked with reading, acts as a universal simulator. After all, the hand is a continuation of the brain. A letter contributes to the development of several of its departments at once and directly influences the formation of such a higher mental function as abstract thinking.
A parallel involves the processes of synthesis and analysis. This means that learning to write lays the foundation for the perception of both the humanities and the exact sciences, because letters and numbers are the highest abstractions.
The mechanism is simple. The basis of higher mental functions is an arbitrary regulation of activity — our ability to apply volitional efforts to achieve a goal.
This is the skill that trains the letter. After all, in order to write something, our brain has to pretty much try. First, we transcode the sounds into alphabetic characters, then we order our hand to make certain movements in order to display them on paper.
And if we rewrite text, printed characters must be parallel converted into handwritten. If you reduce the load on the hand, the brain will work differently.
No one knows what consequences this will lead to on the scale of the next stage in the development of human civilization.
But, according to the testimony of the majority of teachers who have been watching their students for many years, children who have legible handwriting learn better. Their imagination is more developed, they express their thoughts more clearly, analyze information more efficiently and quickly find a successful way out of difficult life circumstances. And their written language is better developed, so they easily write statements and essays.
As a result, such children learn to think and act independently, and are not content with other people’s ideas and ready-made “products”.
Before first grade, children learn to write letters. Only when the image is folded, you can go to the handwritten version. If you start too early, and the brain and hand will not be ready for this.
Neocortex is responsible for the arbitrary regulation of activity. This is the proportion of the brain that was formed during the evolution of the latest.
She is responsible for abstract thinking, including mastering the skills of writing, reading and counting. The neocortex gradually matures, therefore, it is not worthwhile to acquaint the kid even with block letters before 5 years. And if you wait patiently for this age mark, he will have both motivation and a desire to learn letters.
As for capital letters, teachers with great experience do not recommend to get involved in them ahead of time. And they advise no, even very good and “correct” ones, not to give a letter to the child.
For such complex operations as shifting sounds or printed characters to a letter, the brain will be fully prepared no earlier than 7 years of age. There is another danger.
When non-specialists teach the basics of a baby, for example, mom and dad, the baby may have an incorrect spelling of letters and connecting elements. It is difficult for teachers to retrain these children, but it will have to be done, because writing in such conditions often turns out to be difficult to read.
Possible long-term consequences of an unjustified race. If a child starts learning to write too early, he takes a lot of energy on it. Mental and physical fatigue builds up, and by school the desire to master writing in these children very often fades away.
Further aversion to writing may entail difficulties in learning and learning school knowledge. Parents who are in a hurry for events should remember the immutable law of being more often: without motivation to achieve success in school and in life, it is unrealistic. The same can happen in the event that mom and dad do not pay enough attention to such a seemingly trifle: like a child holding a pen or pencil.
If the grip is formed incorrectly, it is inconvenient for the kid to hold the writing instrument, so the arm quickly gets tired, some children even develop hypertonus of the muscles. In such conditions, it is difficult to concentrate on the subject, and it is difficult to go into details and memorize information.
As a result, motivation falls, and the desire to learn and go to school disappears.
To worry about the fact that a child has a bad handwriting doesn’t make sense ahead of time either. In the first grade, it is even absurd to think about it. Children should master the basics of writing at a calm pace, with feeling and with an arrangement.
And starting from the second grade they are really starting to write faster. From now on, the child can already notice the individual features of handwriting.
But this does not mean at all that the hardly outlined manner of writing will remain unchanged. Remember your notebooks. All handwriting has changed beyond recognition, is not it?
Children begin to feel confident in the letter from about the fourth grade, and from its middle they try to consciously change their writing style. Looking through the notebook of the child during this period, there is something to be surprised at: at the beginning there are rounded letters, after a few pages they are all printed, and at the end for some reason angular.
Often parents consider the handwriting of their children unreadable, and professionals with such conclusions do not agree. If all the images of the letters are written correctly and connected according to the canon, the accusation of promiscuity is a real slander.
Too much of the younger preschoolers is still not demanding, and it is always useful to pacify their ambitions. Secondarily, it is worth remembering your ancestors. Physiologists have long proved that the predisposition to good or bad handwriting is inherited.
If you were the owners of “chicken legs” in the family, it is likely that this child will receive the baton. There are children who are not able to write legibly, and in this respect, the genes do not argue. And if you and your close relatives are known as exemplary calligraphers, your offspring is unlikely to have difficulty writing.
It is possible to correct the handwriting, but it is better to measure our expectations immediately with reality and with genetic predisposition.
Apply the rules of spelling and punctuation and at the same time think about how to write out each letter correctly – for a child under 12 years old the task is impossible. The brain and psyche are simply unable to demonstrate such supercontrol, because they are in the stage of maturation.
Professionals do not advise to put handwriting at the forefront, but call for giving priority to literacy. But after 12 years, you can try to solve this problem. At this age, children learn to arbitrarily, that is, consciously, change their handwriting.
The child can set a task to start writing better. The hand and brain for this mission will also be ready.
- It is better to correct handwriting during vacation time.
- It is important to create a child’s motivation. Without a conscious desire, not understanding why it is necessary to improve the handwriting, the child is unlikely to achieve consistent results. Try to arouse his interest in calligraphic writing, which implies an artistic approach to the execution of letters and monograms. Or tell me how your grandmother masterfully owned pen and ink. You can find letters from our classics on the Internet and invite your child to experiment together.
- It is better to be engaged in penmanship not longer than an hour.
- Do not forget that when your child sits on the copy, his brain does a great job. Each time, before writing one beech, it will be checked with the entries, but this task requires additional efforts. Be prepared for the fact that the child will write slowly and you will not see the results immediately.
- Three lines, written in beautiful handwriting in one hour, is a good result at the beginning of training. Do not scold the child that, having spent so long, he wrote so little. Increase the volume of tasks gradually, and in a week he will write 4 lines, then 5, etc.
- Do not forget that rewriting text and writing under dictation are different things. In the second case, the task is much more difficult. During dictation, the brain needs to first recognize the sounds, then transcode them into a letter version and at the same time spend a lot of effort to write the words beautifully.
- What should strive for? If by the end of the summer your child is able to write beautifully and dictation the text of the volume used for his age (for the 7th grade, this is a dictation of 130 words), this will be an excellent indicator. If the result is worse, do not worry: those letters that began to work out better will still remain in his asset