Главная 7 Child development 7 Childbirth: the stages of a long journey

Childbirth: the stages of a long journey

Childbirth: the stages of a long journey

Usually the pregnancy lasts 280 days, or 40 weeks, however, if the delivery starts at the 37th or 38th week, the doctors do not consider this a deviation from the norm. Why? The fact is that the start time primarily depends on how much mother and baby are ready for the upcoming event.

And this, in turn, depends on a variety of circumstances: the mood and hormonal background of a woman, the increase in biologically active substances in her body and the ability of the uterus to perceive them, the activity of the child and his readiness to be born.

The “X” moment occurs when a woman has contractions every 10–15 minutes, the amniotic fluid continues to leak, bleeding occurs, and the cervix begins to change gradually: shorten, smooth, open. All this doctors call generic activities. Its beginning is preceded by a preparatory period, imperceptible to most expectant mothers.

Usually, at this time, women are disturbed by irregular, painless and short contractions (which, however, can interfere with undisturbed sleep), sometimes mucus plug comes out. However, despite what is happening, the cervix remains closed. After 6–8 hours of “preparatory work”, the contractions can completely stop, and after a while they can occur again.

Although they are usually amplified and go into the first stage of labor.

The first stage of labor is the time of cervical dilatation using regular, equally strong contractions, repeated every 3–5 minutes. Usually, cervical dilatation occurs at a rate of 1–1.5 cm per hour, and until it opens 4 cm, the process is rather slow (5–6.5 hours), and then much faster.

If at the 1st stage of labor a woman experiences 2–3 contractions in 10 minutes, this is considered to be a normal pace. Usually, the uterine contraction itself takes only 30–40 seconds, and the rest of the time is intended for the mother and baby in order to relax and gain strength.

Childbirth: the stages of a long journey

Due to contractions that occur at regular intervals, he descends gradually, adjusting to the size of the birth canal and the bone pelvis of the mother. Careful movement protects the child from injury, in addition, he has the opportunity to prepare for publication.

When the contraction ends and the uterus relaxes, the baby continues to move forward, stretching the cervix with its head.

When the cervix is ​​fully expanded (up to 10–11 cm), the 2nd stage of labor begins – the birth of a child. Usually by this time the baby’s head goes through the bone ring – the entrance to the mother’s basin, after which it starts moving forward much faster. But the most important thing is that at the 2nd stage of labor, attempts are joined to the fights, thanks to which the “enterprise” begun several hours ago is completed.

During the attempts, almost all muscles tense and work, but the main load falls on the abdominals. If the expectation of straining arises from the expectant mother, when the cervix has not fully opened, the midwife advises the woman to breathe more deeply and to save strength for real attempts.

To be effective, you need to push during the fight.

Usually, the second period of labor lasts 30–60 minutes, although it may take 2–3 hours, it all depends on the effectiveness of contractions and attempts, the size of the child, the location of his head, and the size of the mother’s pelvis. The second stage ends with the birth of the baby, his first sigh and cry.

Since the newborn has just experienced a real stress, moving from one habitat to another, it needs support and protection. That is why doctors put a little worker on a warm mother’s belly and apply it to his chest.

The child was born, and his mother will have the third period of birth – the birth of the afterbirth. The uterus decreases sharply in volume, the placenta separates from its wall and, thanks to several almost imperceptible contractions, comes out with fetal membranes and the rest of the umbilical cord.

The 3rd period lasts 5–10 minutes, after which the woman is injected with uterine-reducing substances and an ice pack is placed on the lower abdomen – these measures help to prevent possible bleeding.

Childbirth: the stages of a long journey

The first cesarean section from the beginning to the end usually lasts 30 minutes, and a second operation a little longer – 45−60 minutes. On average, doctors use this intervention in 10–11% of cases, but in some obstetric clinics, where expectant mothers with serious problems are sent, this happens more often – in 25–30%. A future mother can be offered surgery if:

  • she is over 30 and the baby is located in the uterus not with the head, but with the ass or legs down (pelvic presentation) or the appearance of a too large child is expected;
  • she has obstetric complications (for example, the placenta is attached so that it blocks the baby’s free exit);
  • the woman’s bone pelvis was too narrow to “let in” the little one outside;
  • she has serious chronic diseases (for example, hypertension, heart defects, a high degree of myopia), which can complicate childbirth;
  • it becomes clear that the baby does not feel well (for example, he began to have hypoxia – lack of oxygen).

During the first birth some of the stages may be delayed:

  • preparatory contractions phase – from 7 hours;
  • 1st period – 12–18 hours versus 6–9 hours for “experienced” mothers;
  • 2nd period – 2–3 hours from 30–60 “normative” minutes.

Important: the course and duration of labor also depends on the preparation of the future mother. Midwives say that a woman who has undergone such a course is actually immediately visible. So do not spare the time and effort to visit the school for expectant mothers.

This should be done in the third trimester.

О admin


Check Also

Lose weight in French: hips, legs, buttocks

Our buttocks, thighs, and legs are a whole thing! We always think that they are ...

Hormonal (genital) crisis in a newborn

The genital crisis of newborns is a unique way of adapting a baby to new ...

New Year’s story in “Masterslavl”: a marathon of good deeds!

This year, Masterslavl City Council continues the marathon of good deeds, and according to tradition, ...

Kids and soda

For the first time, sparkling water was obtained in England in the 18th century. Then ...

Homeopathy during pregnancy

Classical homeopathy appeared at the end of the 18th century thanks to the research of ...

Twins at Hollywood Stars

For the first time, Krutoy Walker married Diana Holechek in 1958, barely 18 years old, ...

Business style

Do a 15-minute warm-up every hour. Extend your legs more often under the table to ...

We quit the child from the first days

A huge number of bacteria, viruses and fungi enter our bodies. They are opposed to ...

A child has a cold: what and how to treat

A runny nose, or rhinitis, is not a disease, but a symptom of it. To ...

Women trying to lose weight should start to eat like a man

Referring to research conducted by the University of Toronto, White explains his rather provocative position ...

How to make him a massage?

In order for the massage to take place, first of all make contact with the ...

Mountains, air and Narzan: family rest and treatment in Kislovodsk

Zheleznovodsk specializes in diseases of the digestive system, kidney and urinary tract diseases, Pyatigorsk’s “trick” ...

Shopping for a newborn

This section is devoted to what items will help make the life of the child ...

Two dads – one son

Such questions about biological and adoptive parents, about a new family of a father or ...

Empty pot – simple item

However, if your baby is not in a hurry to part with a diaper, you ...

Chest “question

First of all, your mood and emotional situation in the family will help to solve ...

Careful stranger!

The model of improper behavior of a child with strangers and its sad results were ...

sponge Bob Square Pants

The most ardent fans and connoisseurs of the underwater world, where SpongeBob lives, can win ...

Sergey Bezrukov will play one of the main roles in “Treasure Island”

Moscow Gubernsky Theater invites guests again! On May 30 and 31, young spectators, as well ...

We are pregnant “

In psychology, there is a point of view that the birth of a firstborn is ...

Urban transport: courtesy lessons

Parents want their child to be socially adapted, that is, they feel calm and confident ...

Hippotherapy: treatment with the soul

Hippotherapy is a unique method of treatment and rehabilitation with the help of a horse. ...

Son breaks toys

Tummy sore

As you know, most often problems arise when you least expect them. So here: everything ...