First of all, let’s decide whether your skin can be classified as sensitive, or it just doesn’t receive proper care.
There is a test for determining the sensitivity of the skin. Slide the blunt end of the ballpoint pen around the inside of the forearm or cheek.
If a red band appears on the skin after that, which did not disappear after two minutes, most likely your skin is prone to hypersensitivity.
Sensitive skin, as a rule, gentle, thin and light. It is prone to flaking and redness, rashes often appear on it.
Not without discomfort: itching, tightness, burning. Maria Ivshina, VICHY brand training director, believes that all these problems are a consequence of the violation of the integrity of the epidermis, as a result of which the skin becomes inflamed and loses a large amount of moisture.
It is not for nothing that sensitivity is most often increased in dry skin.
The true causes of its occurrence are unknown. There are several theories, including genetic predisposition, environmental factors and the influence of external stimuli. But the “provocateurs” of exacerbations are well known to scientists.
These may be insufficient or improper skin care, contact with aggressive substances (beauty products with a high alcohol content, hair dye components, household chemicals, etc.), cosmetic procedures (laser resurfacing, chemical peeling), dietary habits (passion hot, salty and spicy dishes), climatic conditions (scorching sun or cold wind), stress, changes in hormonal levels (during pregnancy, menstruation, menopause), bad habits (alcohol abuse, smoking).
Sometimes the violent reaction of the skin to external irritants can be confused with allergies. Your assistant in determining its real cause is time.
An allergic reaction usually occurs 3–5 hours after applying the cosmetic. While the skin is prone to irritation, “answers” almost immediately, after only 10-20 minutes.
What to do when the skin behaves unpredictably? Over time, its sensitivity can be reduced, experts believe dermatological brand AVÈNE. To begin with, try changing your lifestyle: how to get enough sleep (the skin cells recover most effectively from 11 o’clock in the evening to 5 in the morning!), In the morning and in the evening take a contrast shower, improve nutrition.
Lean on seafood, cheese and mushrooms – they are rich in zinc, the deficiency of which inhibits the production of collagen responsible for elasticity, density and youthful skin. Wheat germs and ginger will also help increase stress tolerance and neutralize the redness of the skin.
Alas, not all substances necessary for healthy skin can be obtained on a silver platter. So, the bioactive micronutrients, protecting it from aging and adverse environmental conditions, the body does not synthesize.
Vitamin complexes will help to fill their deficiency. For a healthy and even complexion, iodine, silicon, manganese, iron, vitamins B1, B6 and B12, as well as some amino acids are necessary: for example, alpha-lipoic (penetrates cell membranes and protects them from the negative effects of ultraviolet radiation) and sulfur-containing amino acid L- cystine (stimulates cell renewal).
Competent care is the next step towards health and comfort of the skin. To do this, enlist the support of pharmacy cosmetic lines (Vichy, Avène, Bioderma, La Roche-Posay, Skin Ceuticals) or specialized products for sensitive skin (Clinique, Biotherm, Darphin).
- When choosing a jar, focus on the composition and first of all look for soothing ingredients: bisabolol, alantoin, panthenol, aloe, chamomile, linden, Karite oil, thermal water. But retinol, aggressive fruit acids, alkalis, essential oils, fragrances and parabens in a jar (and, therefore, on the label) should not be in general. To avoid a sudden unwanted “response” of the skin to cosmetic ingredients, do not be greedy – apply a small amount of the product. For the area around the eyes, one or two drops will suffice, a volume equal to a pea will suffice for the face, and a table tennis ball for the body.
- To remove makeup, use micellar solution – it not only cleans, but also moisturizes the skin.
- Wash with bottled water at room temperature. Use mousses and gels with anti-inflammatory extracts of willow and calendula. Remember that any cleansers that need to be rinsed off with water should not remain on the skin for more than two minutes, otherwise they may cause even more irritation.
- Do not forget about the protection from UV radiation – even the stingy rays of the sun can provoke an “aggravation”! SPF filters should be in your cosmetic bag all year round. For urban everyday life, a factor of 15–20 is quite suitable (in the summer its level should not fall below 30).
Sensitive skin can be not only the face or body, but also the head. At any time, she can declare herself itchy and peeling.
The latter, by the way, is easily confused with dandruff.
In this case, the main thing is to understand whether the irritation is really caused by the fungus that causes dandruff. Often, improper care products (shampoos, balms, conditioners, masks) that increase dryness of the skin and contribute to the appearance of unpleasant sensations can often be the cause of peeling. This is especially true for the cold season, when sebum production decreases in the body, which is resisting drought.
Shampoo defats the skin even more, depriving it of its natural protection. Therefore, even if you usually use products for normal hair type, then from November to May, experts advise using shampoos and masks with extracts of soothing peppermint, peony and fennel for dry hair. When the change of “washing” arsenal is beneficial, the condition of the hair and the scalp immediately improves.
If there is no change and the shoulders are still covered with white bloom, you need to consult a trichologist, who will tell you how to get rid of dandruff.
To keep your head in order, if possible, wash it with boiled or filtered water – tap water with chlorine will dry your skin even more. Rinse the shampoo to the end!
Otherwise, its dried particles will lead to the formation of scales, and as a result, additional irritation will appear. It is useful for lovers of styling to arrange a “head wash” not only before styling, but also at bedtime, in order to clean the pores of the scalp from the silicones that make up the styling products.