We breathe through the movements of the chest and diaphragm. During deep inhalation, the diaphragm is lowered by the dome, due to which negative pressure is created in the chest cavity and oxygen enters the lungs.
It participates in the processes of oxidation, which are accompanied by the release of energy necessary for the vital activity of the organism. During exhalation, metabolic waste is removed from the lungs.
Deep and rare in a state of rest, during physical activity or with an increase in the load on the body breathing quickens and becomes shallow. Its rhythm and depth also depend on a variety of external circumstances – fear, pain, sounds. The uterus, which grows during pregnancy, in the last periods slightly presses the diaphragm upward, which is why the habitual breathing style changes.
During childbirth a serious burden falls on the woman’s body, which is facilitated by various techniques. Thanks to them, you can change the pressure of the diaphragm on the internal organs and, accordingly, alleviate their condition during labor and, when the time comes, “push” the child into the white light.
Many future mothers are not in a hurry to master the necessary breathing techniques, considering that at the crucial moment they will be told by the doctor or midwife. However, if there are no correct muscular stereotypes, it is unlikely that you will quickly switch over, especially since in labor the attention is often diffused.
At the same time, after preliminary training, stable skills of various types of breathing are formed, and if the midwife is only given a command, when and how to breathe, the body itself remembers everything.
Special breathing exercises contribute to:
- reduce the load on the heart and blood vessels;
- increase the amount of oxygen in the blood;
- normalization of metabolism;
- muscle strengthening;
- lower uterine tone;
- effective work of the digestive system;
- improve the emotional state of women, relieve anxiety and stress;
- reducing pain in childbirth and reducing the risk of child asphyxia.
Do breathing exercises only with the permission of the attending physician.
It is best to start training in the second half of pregnancy, but not later than 36 weeks, otherwise the skills simply will not have time to form. On average, 10-15 sessions are required. For them it is not at all necessary to allocate special time, because this can be done several times a day.
If the plans for partnership childbirth, it is very desirable that the accompanying was engaged with you. At birth, he will be able to take on the functions of an instructor, helping to remember everything and do it right, because experts say that in a stressful situation, a person responds better to the voice of loved ones.
Harbinger of childbirth – short and almost painless contractions. They last 5–15 seconds, the interval between them is at least 20 minutes.
Sensibly they will gain strength in a few hours. During this period, a woman is recommended to take a short deep breath through the mouth and through it as long as possible to exhale, so as not to provoke rapid breathing. Cocktail tubes will help to cope with such a task.
It can also be considered: for a fight that lasts 10 seconds, it is convenient to inhale at the expense of “one-two-three”, and exhale – counting to oneself from 1 to 7. Such a technique is called “economical breathing”. Begin and end each fight with a “cleansing breath” – as deeply as possible and as deeply as possible.
When contractions become intense and frequent, the body’s natural reaction to pain (breath holding and muscle tension) in this case is unacceptable, because it can slow down the course of labor. If we take into account that the contractions last several hours and the woman in labor is experiencing unpleasant sensations all the time, then often at the end of the first stage of labor there is fatigue.
But for the attempts something needs strength! Therefore, the main task is to cope with uncomfortable sensations and save energy for the second period.
Helps in this frequent breathing “like a dog.” While it is impossible to straighten out, it is recommended to breathe quickly and often through the mouth or through the nose.
During the attempts, the deepest inhalation of the open mouth, slow and smooth exhalation is practiced. It is convenient to train it as follows:
- take a deep breath with your mouth open;
- hold your breath, mentally counting from 1 to 7. The longer you learn not to breathe, the easier it will be in the second stage of labor;
- exhale very smoothly and slowly. In no case can one abruptly interrupt breathing: this can cause fluctuations in the head of the baby, it will come back. The air should be exhaled through an open mouth, imagining that it is necessary to blow on the flame of a candle so that it leans slightly and deviates to the side, but does not go out.
In childbirth just the exhalation and should be attempts. It is for this reason that it must be very slow. Even if it seems that there is no air left, try to strain and exhale a little more.
The better this is obtained, the more productive the attempts will be and the easier and faster the baby will be born.
During the attempts there is a short period when the midwife asks the woman to breathe like a “dog”, that is, often and briefly. This is necessary only to ensure that the woman in labor does not straighten out and the baby smoothly leaves himself, without her efforts.
Otherwise there is a risk to damage the tissue of the perineum.
When the child is born, you can breathe deeply: the main work is done, the woman has already become a mother. Usually within half an hour after the baby is born, the placenta and fetal membranes are born – the last. Most often this happens easily and does not require any effort from the mother.
At the time of their release, the midwife may ask for a one-time push.
- How to save yourself from unnecessary suffering, you can learn by reading the book of English doctor Grantley Dick-Reed “Births without Fear.” He proved that not only physical training is important for painless childbirth, but also the correct psychological and emotional state of future mothers.
- Obstetrician Frederic Lebouyer, who took more than a thousand deliveries, used shocking photographs in his book “Childbirth without pain and fear” in order not only to help present the birth process in detail, but also to look at it through the eyes of a newborn baby.