British scientists, having conducted large-scale studies, confirmed that breastfeeding has a positive effect on the mental development of the child, even with a short period of breastfeeding. This factor affects the success of children not only in primary school, but also in adolescence.
Although this task may seem impracticable, in fact we can do not so little. If possible, give up shopping with a baby carriage and walking through the gassed streets. Use every opportunity to be with the baby in the park or outside the city.
Clean the air in the apartment, use the safest means for cleaning. Do not allow anyone to smoke in the presence of a child.
By the time your child begins to crawl, try to make your home safe and allow him to easily penetrate into all its corners. He will get stuck between the wall and the closet, drop chairs and occasionally break something, because at this stage of development he uses his body as a universal measuring tool for exploring the world.
Writing the 18-month-old baby free to crawl around the house is as important for the development of thinking as teaching a six-year-old to play chess.
It is known that our body, consuming oxygen, sends a third of the total volume to the brain. The more he gets it, the more efficient is the development. Oxygenation is more intense when the child is actively moving.
American psychologists studied the characteristics of the brain of 49 children aged nine to ten years using magnetic resonance imaging. The study found that physically active children had a hippocampus — the part of the brain responsible for memory and learning — that was about 12% larger than the inactive ones.
Thus, scientists have proven that the brain develops better in those children who are more physically active.
To quench your thirst, give the child clean water, not juice (which, in essence, is not a drink, but food) and in no case carbonated, sweetened drinks. Do not allow your child to drink water from the tap.
The brain needs proteins (meat, fish, eggs), fats (nuts, seeds, oily fish, butter), carbohydrates (rice, grains), vitamins (fresh fruits and vegetables), and probiotics (yogurt). Candy, fast food, chips, pickles and pickles, as well as products with artificial colors, sweeteners and preservatives are harmful.
Condiments, even super-useful turmeric for the brain and the whole body, should not be given to children under two years old.
The microelements contained in seawater activate the brain, improve memory, and strengthen the nervous and immune systems.
Pediatricians, children’s psychologists and speech therapists repeat again and again: to develop the brain, you must train your hand! There are hundreds of ways: finger gymnastics, sculpting, playing with sand and pebbles, pouring cereals, all sorts of drawing and mosaics, lacing and harvesting from berry bushes … Parents compete in ingenuity with development specialists, putting more and more unexpected items into small palms and happily making sure it works!
Paint at least one wall of the nursery in yellow. It stimulates brain activity, has a beneficial effect on the state of vision and nervous system.
In the first three years of a person’s life, the right brain hemisphere dominates; during this period, the child can recreate in his memory everything he had seen or heard, along with a full image of what he saw: for example, a child can remember a page with text not just as text, and as a separate page image. From the age of three, the left hemisphere becomes dominant, the development of which is directed at the majority of modern developmental techniques.
Japanese scientist Makato Shichida proved that a child’s abilities are rapidly diminished if you constantly stimulate only the left hemisphere and not pay enough attention to the right one, “responsible” for the subconscious and the unconscious.
“Ear – nose” With the left hand we hold the tip of the nose, and with the right hand – the opposite ear, i.e. left. At the same time, let go of the ear and nose, clap your hands and change the position of the hands so that the right is already holding the tip of the nose, and the left is at the opposite, i.e. right ear
“Ring” Alternately and very quickly, we iterate over the fingers of the hands, connecting the index finger, middle, ring finger and little finger to the ring with the thumb. At first it is possible with each hand separately, then simultaneously with both hands.
“Mirror drawing” Put a blank sheet of paper on the table, take a pencil. Draw simultaneously with both hands mirror-symmetrical drawings, letters.
Touching the skin activates a huge number of nerve endings – mediators between the skin and the brain – and contribute to the release of the “hormone of happiness”, which is necessary for successful learning, so do not spare time for a massage. Write letters on the back of the child and draw geometric shapes, and let the child guess, then switch roles.
Teach your child the easiest self-massage techniques: rub and stretch the ears three times from top to bottom, twist the tip of the spout to the right and left, pinch and stroke the neck from behind, pat it – stomp … First, massage yourself, then with the child’s hands, put your hands on top, then let the child tries to do it yourself.
Learn simple breathing exercises, yoga poses (especially children like asanas depicting animals), fold your fingers in mudras, play “Jacob’s ladder” and “Shiva rides a bull”. These methods are extremely effective, and it’s also a lot of fun.
Children of preschool age, who sleep at least 11 hours a day, show the best results in tests on the level of intelligence. Do not rush to cancel daytime sleep.
In the second stage of sleep, the short-term memory is cleared and preparation for the perception of new information takes place, and children resting during the day develop better than their peers, who are awake from morning to evening.
Starting from a simple “ku-ku” to searching for treasures with a map and a compass – each game of hide and seek contributes to the formation of hundreds of new associations and the consolidation of old ones, complicating the system of brain connections that will persist throughout the child’s life.
It develops visual-figurative thinking – the ability to analyze an image and then synthesize it. Such thinking is the basis of most of the exact sciences.
Mozart is still considered the best composer for children. American researchers used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to get a picture of the activity of those parts of the brain that respond to listening to music.
As expected, all kinds of music activated that part of the cerebral cortex (center of hearing), which perceives air vibrations caused by sound waves, and sometimes excited parts of the brain associated with emotions. But only Mozart’s music activated all areas of the cerebral cortex, including those that are involved in motor coordination, vision and higher processes of consciousness and can play a role in spatial thinking.
The ability of the child to learn is directly related to how often he is hugged. A study by Canadian scientists has shown that maternal body heat includes very important functions of the child’s brain. Therefore, children learn better from tender and gentle mothers.
The embrace also activates the production of the hormone oxytocin, which has a wide spectrum of action, including the ability to stimulate a child to learn. Moreover, brain scans have shown that oxytocin also has a direct effect on the part of the brain that is responsible for processing and making decisions.
Choose strategic thinking and planning skills for children. A recent study at the University of Rochester showed that those who played video games recognized visual cues much faster than their non-playing peers.
Moreover, computer games in which both hands and eyes are involved, improve coordination, helping children to quickly understand what is happening around them, and to respond to it faster. Our task with you is to set a timer and respond to a signal indicating that the 20 minutes allotted to the computer have expired and it’s time to go for a walk.
If you read to your children from a very early age, you can help them significantly outrun their classmates in reading when they go to school. Reading actively develops the mental abilities of children, forms important neural connections, which are fixed as a result of the regularity of action.
Regularity in this matter is very important, because when reading “from time to time,” the brain does not form such stable connections.
Offer the child to remember the code on the intercom, your and father’s phone numbers, the exact grandmother’s address, the phrase “How are you?” In all languages you know … Training of short-term memory, according to scientists, is capable, as a lever, to raise all intelligence. Be sure to play the whole family in the “memory”.
This is a good way to develop attention, observation and imagination. Copy the baby’s own actions (for example, combining walking and crawling) and describe what you are doing.
The next stage of the game is the image of animals, birds, trees and even objects. This technique is actively used by neuropsychologists.
Intelligence development is not due to the number of brain cells, but the number of connections between them. These connections arise and become fixed when a person solves various tasks independently and at his own pace.
Therefore, it is important that parents do not limit the child’s cognitive activity and do not rush to provide ready-made solutions.
Pay attention to the baby information coming through different channels of perception. As a result, nerve connections will be intensively formed between the corresponding centers in the brain, and the work of various parts of the brain will be coordinated.
Most children like to play in the “blind man’s buff”, to determine by touch what is hidden in the bag, which rattles in a vial of dark glass and smells like a box. Do not drive the child out of the kitchen – there is no better place in the house for the development of all the senses.
Try different products and their combinations, and if at some point you do not need “help”, let the kid sit down and paint his taste, tactile, auditory and olfactory impressions.
Compose fairy tales, songs and music, put on performances, shoot a movie and paint the dishes. Take an example from Waldorf educators and for a while refuse to buy new toys.
Joint production of bows and arrows, bubbles, dolls and musical instruments will not only give the kid the joy of creativity, but also introduce the world of science, awaken interest in the world, strengthen your mutual affection. The brain of a child has a unique ability to benefit from love and study, especially in the first years of life.