Those who believe that bio products are the know-how of modern civilization are greatly mistaken. Ecological production only marks a return to the good old traditions of tillage and livestock, which were forgotten with the advent of scientific and technological progress. And after all, over the course of millennia, man has cultivated crops and raised livestock.
In Russia, a huge number of amateur gardeners to this day cultivate their weave in accordance with the EU Council Decree on organic farming, without knowing it.
Until the middle of the last century, farmers had no alternative to the old-fashioned methods: chemical fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture began to be used after the end of the Second World War. New technologies, developed by the warring parties in the hope of victory, were in demand in the field.
So, ammonium nitrate, which was used as an explosive in ammunition, turned into fertilizer, and a phosphate-based nerve gas, into an insecticide (a chemical that kills insects).
At first, the invention of chemical additives turned the heads of farmers: yields tripled, pests were defeated, the shelf life of final products increased. The Europeans were the first to sound the alarm.
Already in the 70s, they guessed what the pursuit of profit under the motto “More, faster, cheaper” would lead to. Many farmers at the time boycotted the chemicals and left the quality of their goods in the first place.
One of the first ideologies of “eco-production” was adopted in Germany – this country still remains the leader in the production and consumption of bioproduction.
Organic products in Germany and France are labeled “bio”, in the English-speaking world – “organic”, and in Holland – “eco”. You can recognize them by special signs on the label, which vary depending on the country of manufacture. They mean that the product is manufactured according to the state standards of “ecological agriculture” and is certified by the relevant independent organizations.
And you can be sure that all stages of production, packaging and transportation were safe for health.
Bio-label ensures that each ingredient is grown and prepared without using the achievements of genetic engineering, pesticides, chemical fertilizers, hormones, antibiotics and artificial additives. However, ecological farming and production are aimed not only at preserving our health, but also at saving the planet. Organic products are a priori environmentally friendly.
They are often packaged in packages that after a couple of years completely decompose in the ground, and some can then be used as fertilizers. When you punch goods with a distinctive badge at the checkout, you buy not just a kilogram of bio-cartons or a liter of organic milk – you pay for a lifestyle.
Russian producers use the word “natural” more often, but they are not obliged to prove the true origin and composition of their products: in our country there is no state eco-standard for organic products. There are several voluntary societies that provide domestic farmers with services to control the quality of agricultural products, but they do not issue official certificates.
Real bio products, which in Russia can only be found in expensive supermarkets, almost all come from abroad. To get the Swiss organic certificate of the European sample for dairy products and vegetables, only one domestic ecological farm, located 180 km from Moscow, has so far managed.
To get an environmentally friendly product, the modern farmer has to try hard. Inspectors of regulatory bodies, who issue bio-certificates, visit him 2 times a year and arrange a real review: they take samples of land, feed, source product, check the conditions of animals, look in every nook and cranny, examine the contents of the bins, talk with the workers and with particular predilection interrogate vets.
But the main forces of the farmer go to combat pests. Insects are harvested by hand, caught on sticky tapes smeared with glue, cheated with the help of special smells that give false signals, and lured into lantern-traps. In addition to land pests, there are also underground ones, and it is even more difficult to fight them without pesticides.
The usual scarecrows protect the fields from the birds. It is possible to fertilize the land only with natural growth amplifiers: manure and compost, also obtained on bioferms from biokor and bio-plants.
Or use a crop rotation – alternate different crops in one field, which will enrich the soil with useful substances in a natural way.
Special rules also exist for herders. According to the laws of ecological animal husbandry, ungulates and birds should be kept in conditions as close as possible to natural ones. This means that chickens on bioferms are not immobilized in cramped cages, but freely roam around the lawns, and cows at any moment can leave from the pen to the open yard and breathe in the fresh air.
Animals are fed only organic food and do not inject hormones. If an individual is weak, it will be allowed to die: milk or meat from a sick beast cannot be considered healthy.
In addition, veterinarians on bioferma prohibited from using antibiotics.
These old farming methods not only require large financial expenditures, but also increase the risk of crop failure and livestock death. Hence, another distinctive feature of bio products is their high price.
In Europe, they are an average of 30% more expensive than conventional products, we have – more than 2-4 times.
Organic can be almost any product: from food and toys to cosmetics and household cleaners. In the accepted “environmental” standards will never meet except foie gras, because this dish involves violence against animals.
Food and clothing became the necessities of eco philosophy.
An apple grown by modern agrarian methods contains about 30 pesticides that will not disappear anywhere after we wash it. The only way to reduce harm is to peel off the skin of vegetables and fruits, but it is precisely in it that vitamins accumulate.
Each time, sending a piece of meat or chicken in our mouth, we swallow the next dose of antibiotics and hormones. All these harmful substances gradually accumulate in our body and are transmitted from the mother to the baby.
Some doctors and scientists tend to assume that the abundance of chemicals in food has become one of the main causes of the mass distribution of allergies and obesity among young children.
The main difference between “natural” food from the usual is that they do not contain antibiotics, hormones, pesticides, genetically modified ingredients and several dozen artificial food additives that are officially allowed in the food industry. Recent studies have shown that there are about the same amount of vitamins and beneficial micro and macro elements in organic vegetables and fruits as in ordinary vegetables, and not 1.5 times as much as was previously thought.
But the meaning of bio-food is different: in it, apart from vitamins and nutrients, there is nothing outside.
Many people think that preservatives are not used in organics, but this is another myth. Label “bio” can be found on the jar of salted mushrooms, and jams, and juices that do not deteriorate during the year, as well as their industrial copies. Only as preservatives appear natural substances, such as pectins, citric acid, vinegar.
These recipes are well known to our grandmothers, who every season rolls garden crops for the winter. Natural flavors and colors are also welcome, but sugar is rarely used in organic products.
Instead, honey or agave juice is often added to biodesserts.
On tastes, of course, do not argue, but to find out the opinion of eyewitnesses is always curious. Almost all adherents of bioproducts claim that after they switched to organic food, the feeling of saturation, even from a banal piece of bread and butter, began to advance faster, and the feeling of hunger returned a couple of hours later.
Parents say that children get used to the new food with great difficulty. By the way, pets sometimes react in the same way to bio-feed.
But nothing suspicious about it. Most modern products contain flavor enhancers and flavors, and after them organic counterparts may seem a bland child.
However, after the adaptation phase is over, many babies with allergies show a marked improvement in health.
“Organic philosophy” is of particular relevance for parents, because thanks to the bio-products, the baby can be protected from the massive chemical attack that it undergoes when it is barely born. In addition to organic baby food and clothing for babies, the stores sell bio toys, bios and biocosmetics.
Not only the food we eat affects our well-being, but also the clothes we wear. Marking the “100% silk” label indicates only the composition of the raw material, but does not provide information on its origin and the nature of the dyes.
For example, a sweater can be made from 100% wool, but sheep can be cut off with hormones, fed with genetically modified soy and watered with chemicals to kill parasites.
Cotton is considered the most dangerous, the favorite material of all natural adherents. Cotton plantations occupy about 3% of the cultivated land, while they take a quarter of all the pesticides used in the world. So, on one t-shirt takes about 150 grams of hazardous chemicals.
In contact with the pores of the skin, these toxic substances can get into our body and cause irritation and even allergies.
But that is not all. Chlorine is often used in bleaching cotton, and lead and chromium are often used in dyeing.
Negative consequences for nature and people can be observed now. Every year a million people suffer from the poisoning of chemicals used in cotton processing, and thousands of them die.
Scientists came to the conclusion that the Aral Sea dried up by 80% due to the chemicals caught in the lake from the surrounding cotton plantations.
However, there is still an alternative to chemicals impregnated with tissues, and this is bio-clothing from plants grown, processed and dyed according to all environmental canons. Many Western designers today produce separate collections under the brand name “eco”. The latest trend in the world of eco-mods – clothing made from bamboo, soybeans and hemp.
And recently in the boutiques appeared biosobuv, so now in the style of “organic” you can not only eat, but also to dress up from head to toe.
There are not a single gram of hazardous substances and artificial flavors in the household cleaners marked “bio” on the packaging, so they are absolutely harmless to health. Instead of chlorine, ammonia, phenol, formaldehyde, which household chemicals are rich in, bioproducts often use soap nut powder: it foams well and has excellent detergent properties.
And another thing: if the cleaning agent smells like orange, then it does not include artificial flavoring, but natural orange oil, and so it smells like it.