Raise the baby and calm. That you have to encourage both of you.
Small scratches and abrasions will simply spoil the mood of the baby; a deeper wound or “trickle” bleeding that lasts more than 10–15 minutes will require medical attention.
Wash the abrasion with water, stop the bleeding, if necessary, go back home and disinfect the wounds (or buy an antiseptic and a plaster from the nearest pharmacy).
Toddlers often fall off, scraping the skin on the elbows and knees – such injuries are usually not strong and heal quickly. The abrasion must be carefully rinsed with water (carry a bottle with you), removing dirt, sand and particles of gravel from it.
Try not to touch the wound with your hands, use a clean napkin. At home, sanitize scratches and, if necessary, seal the plaster.
If there is bleeding, you need to stop it. Take a clean piece of cloth (a handkerchief is perfect), press firmly to the abrasion.
Press the handkerchief to the injured area for at least 3-5 minutes.
Do not use alcohol – it will cause burns to damaged tissue. Hydrogen peroxide, miramistin or chlorhexidine are suitable for wound treatment – they perfectly disinfect. After the initial treatment of abrasion, you can use the popular Zelenka.
A medical adhesive BF-6 creates a film that isolates the damaged area of the skin, and promotes healing of the wound.
- To wash the wound with water from the city fountain, with saliva, to attach the leaves of plants increases the risk of infection;
- With the power to wipe the wound with a napkin – small grains of sand or pebbles traumatize the tissue;
- Treat the middle of the wound with iodine – it causes tissue burns and can only be used for processing edges.
A scratch can be sealed with a plaster to protect it from external influences – special children’s, with pictures, will reconcile the baby with a “wound”. You should not bandage abrasion: if there is an inflow of air to the wound, it will heal faster.
If you go to a doctor, he will bandage himself and tell you when and how to change it.
Explain to the baby that the crust formed at the abrasion site should not be ripped off. She must fall off herself, otherwise the wound will heal longer, and a scar will remain in her place.
Use a shower while swimming. Make sure that the wound is covered with a crust, there is no redness or discharge.
If the scratch festers – you will need to re-disinfection. If it does not help, show the doctor, he will take measures to re-disinfect and offer a wound-healing agent.
If the skin is badly damaged or the wound is deep, fragments of earth or gravel are visible, which are not removed during washing, the bleeding does not stop – you will need the help of a doctor. Put a pressure bandage on the wound (a handkerchief or any other fabric will fit) and deliver the baby to the emergency room.
The fabric soaked in blood cannot be removed – there is a risk to damage the already closed small vessels again, you just need to put another layer on top. The doctor will assess the damage, if necessary, apply a special bandage or patches that tighten the wound edges, or stitches, and may also offer tetanus vaccination.
Serious abrasions on the face, too, should not be ignored – there may be ugly scars. All manipulations will be performed under local anesthesia.
Comfortable shoes with a flexible sole and a closed toe will help the baby to stumble less, and light trousers, elongated shorts or knitted leggings that complement the dress, will close the main “risk zone” – the knees. A bottle of clean water, a pack of wet wipes (preferably antiseptic) and a pair of patches should be with you on every walk.
Tissue scarring is an individual process. On average, depending on the type of skin, the scars disappear in 3-6 months.
For example, small scars on the face, where the skin is thinner, heal faster, and on the knee, where there is a greater risk of friction, slower. If the wound was deep and the doctor had to put stitches, he will recommend special ointments that increase the elasticity of the skin and allow you to avoid an ugly scar (for example, counter-tubes or dermatics).