A research team of zoologists from Kyoto University (Japan) found that adult crab-eating monkeys not only brush their teeth every day, but also teach the young to do this using all available tools (for example, chopsticks). But we, people, too often neglect the recommendations of dentists from all over the world to start caring for the teeth of babies as early as possible, ideally, even at the stage of pregnancy! The human brain logically concludes that “temporary” teeth are not for long, because when they fall out, new ones will grow – white and healthy.
Alas, it’s not that simple!
Even before the baby is born, the expectant mother can influence the formation of his teeth. And both for the better and for the worse. After all, the development of milk teeth begins as early as the 6th week of pregnancy, and the enamel tab – at the end of the 4th month.
The success of this process depends on the nutrition of the woman.
Every day on the table of the future mother should appear foods containing calcium and fluoride, they are especially important for the formation of healthy teeth in the future baby. The source of calcium is fermented milk products, kale, broccoli.
Fluoride is found in low-fat varieties of sea fish, spinach and green tea. No less important for the well-being of the baby’s skeletal system are trace elements – dry fruits and greens are rich in them.
Although for the first 5 months the baby will please you with a toothless smile, you should not forget about the health of his future teeth. Babies have almost no germs in their mouths, so it’s important that unsafe bacteria get out of their parents’ mouths.
Otherwise, there is a risk that the composition of microflora in the mouth may change, and this will give rise in the future to the appearance of caries.
Take care of yourself: never lick the baby’s spoon during feeding, and most importantly, tidy up your own teeth.
The lower jaw in newborns is 1.5 cm behind the upper one, on average, by 1.5 cm. Later, by 6 months, this gap disappears – with the help of a “training” on sucking the breast. To get their portion of milk, babies put more effort than toddlers who eat from a bottle.
Therefore, the lag in the development of the lower jaw is more common in children with artificialities.
Remember, breastfeeding is one of the most significant conditions for the successful formation of teeth and jaws of the baby. It can be compensated in part by picking up a physiological nipple, that is, natural, shape and suitable size.
And as soon as it loses its elasticity and elasticity, it must be urgently replaced with a new one. In addition, the composition of breast milk is balanced by nature itself and “disinfects” the oral cavity, helping the development of useful microflora in it.
In 6−8 months, babies erupt central lower incisors, and then the upper ones. In 8−12 months – the lateral incisors, first at the bottom, and then at the top.
By 14–16 months, temporary chewing teeth emerge, by 16–20, canines, and by 20–30, second chewing teeth. With their appearance ends the formation of a milk bite.
As soon as the baby has the first tooth, start cleaning! For starters, your finger wrapped in gauze will be the most convenient device. Then you can buy a silicone toothbrush-massager in the form of a fingertip.
When the baby is 1 year old, present him a brush with a small head and soft bristles and ask him, for example, to show you how dad uses it.
A child should brush its teeth 2 times a day, just like adults, but with a special children’s paste suitable for its age. For example, products for children under 3 years old do not contain fluoride, because babies still swallow them.
But as soon as the child learns to spit and rinse your mouth, go to a paste with a little, and by 6 years old – with the usual fluorine content.
Ask your baby to open his mouth. Take his hand – the one in which he holds the brush – and show how to move it.
Work start with the upper jaw. Outside, the teeth are cleaned in the direction from the gums (approximately 10 movements for every 2 teeth), and the chewing “pads” are moved back and forth.
Do not forget about the internal surfaces of the teeth – from the sky and tongue.
Due to the fact that the ability to move smoothly comes to the kids over time, it is not possible for them to brush their teeth well at first. Therefore, you need to complete this work together, removing the remnants of the raid with your own hand.
Wash your toothbrush every time, and about once a month change it to a new one.
The process of the appearance of teeth can disturb and annoy the baby. At the moment when temporary, especially chewing, teeth are being cut, some children experience severe pain and their gums swell. Then something solid will come to the rescue, about which you can “scratch” irritated gums, for example, a special “teether” (preferably with pimples and gel inside).
Before you give it to the child, put it in the fridge for 15 minutes.
For dental health is very important how baby eats. Besides the fact that its menu should be varied, pay attention to the consistency of food. If a child can already cope with a hard meal, but refuses it, preferring to cereal and mashed potatoes (and even with sugar!), You can’t go on about it.
In order for the jaws and their muscles to develop “as it should be,” and no plaque accumulated on the teeth, the baby must chew a lot, and with effort (meat, fruits, vegetables).
Sweet, as you know, spoils the teeth. Therefore, make sure that all kinds of treats remain in the mouth of the baby for long.
It is better to eat 2 sweets at once and rinse your mouth with unsweetened tea than to stretch the pleasure for half a day, biting on half.
At this time, a mandatory visit to the dentist. The doctor will check the condition of the teeth and jaws of the child and will be able to judge whether the care of them is successful. Before each visit to the doctor, tune your baby in an optimistic way.
If the first visits to the doctor are easy and pleasant, it will help overcome possible fears of dental treatment, and subsequent meetings with the dentist will be a fun adventure. By the way, ask the doctor to show you with your baby the technique of brushing your teeth – then you will avoid mistakes that lead to gradual damage to the teeth and accumulation of plaque in secluded places.
Agree with the doctor about the schedule of meetings – such visits are good because, firstly, it is better to find any painful process early, and, secondly, the child will understand that you can come to the dentist just to ride in a chair, joke and return home in a good mood. The next time he needs to heal something, it will be easier to persuade him to sit in a chair and open his mouth.
Here is a list of problems that may affect children’s teeth. We will mention those of them, which can only be saved by the joint efforts of the parents and the doctor. Our common task is to keep the babies’ milk teeth whole until the moment when nature decides to replace them with permanent ones.
Thanks to this, and the skills of caring for a clean mouth that have been brought up in a child, attention to his diet and the habit of regularly visiting the dentist, he will most likely never know what dental problems are.
The most common disease of the teeth, when they form cavities – “holes”. With the participation of microbes (mainly Streptococcus mytans), their hard tissues are destroyed.
Baby teeth caries are usually found in babies aged 2–3 years, but sometimes it appears in children under 2 years of age. Most often, the disease affects the milky incisors of the upper jaw and the chewing surface of the molars.
How does it appear?
For the appearance of caries, you need quite a bit: careless care, the onslaught of germs and more sweet. The mechanism of its appearance works like this.
The raid that remains on the teeth turns into a “dental plaque”. The bacteria of which it is composed emit lactic acid, which damages vulnerable children’s enamel.
So a white or dark spot forms on it – in this place the microbes penetrate inside, forming a cavity.
Children who have been delayed in mastering the skill of drinking from a cup, and especially those who fall asleep every night with a bottle, risk the appearance of “bottle caries.” The reason is the effect of the sweet liquid on the teeth, moreover, day after day and for a long time.
In such babies, caries appears on the front teeth, and this process develops around the entire visible part of the tooth along the perimeter.
Caries of primary teeth increases rapidly and is often found in places where it is difficult for parents to see it (for example, between the teeth). A baby can not be disturbed for a long time, but depending on the stage, it sometimes responds with pain “in response” to sweet, salty, sour, cold and hot.
What happens if you avoid caries or detect it on time and immediately turn to the dentist failed? Alas, the next stage of tooth disease is not long in coming.
Pulpitis is an inflammation of the soft tissues of the tooth (pulp). At first, insignificant, the pain increases with time, manifested by attacks, mostly at night, and also “in response” to warm food or food that has fallen on the sore spot. The most important thing in this situation is that the already dangerous process (pulpit) can again go unnoticed (especially if there was no pain or it was short and short).
And then the process goes beyond the tooth – the baby has periodontitis.
At the time of exacerbation, he makes himself felt with constant pain, which is aggravated by pressure on the tooth, swelling and redness of the gums and an increase in temperature. Then the doctor will be forced to remove the affected baby tooth, because the germ of a constant located near the roots of the patient is also in danger!
And non-acute periodontitis is often not felt at all, and only a doctor can detect it. If the baby does not help in time, the next step will be the strengthening and spread of inflammation – periostitis and osteomyelitis.
Do not think that the removal of a baby tooth is the solution to all problems and a permanent tooth will carefully fall into place. The unplanned disappearance of milk teeth leads to a “commotion”: permanent teeth then simply “do not find a place for themselves” in the dentition.
Therefore, the baby has the wrong bite, which, in turn, causes problems with breathing, the work of the temporomandibular joint, speech, and last but not least, it changes the features and proportions of the face.
By the way, if a child’s nasal breathing is disturbed for some other reason or he already has a habit of sucking on his finger, a pacifier, this can also affect the formation of a bite.
In order to identify possible problems with your teeth in the future, in addition to regular visits to the dentist, be sure to show the child to the orthodontist.