Hiccup is a reflex contraction of the diaphragm. A spasm occurs when the phrenic nerve is irritated, which, along with other nerves, regulates the functions of respiration and digestion. Excitement at any of the sites where it lies, can lead to hiccups.
Although another way is possible. The work of the phrenic nerve is controlled by the central nervous system, so its irritation can also cause hiccups.
Episodic hiccups do not require treatment. It often occurs in children as a response to irritation of the diaphragm and the gastrointestinal tract, for example, when overeating, eating too cold or, on the contrary, hot food, as well as regurgitation.
Sometimes the reflex works when the nervous system is excited, which is why hypothermia in all babies is accompanied by hiccups. And impressionable by nature kids can start hiccupping from fear, and from strong surprise, and even from delight.
Hiccups can be removed in several ways.
First of all, you need to check the diaper or diaper for dryness and, if necessary, change them. If the crumbling froze, it must be insulated.
If the hiccups occurred immediately after feeding, perhaps the baby swallowed too much air. Then it is enough to hold it with a “column” for a couple of minutes.
In other cases, you should try to divert the child to something pleasant, give him water or hold his nose so that he breathes through his mouth for a few minutes, taking deep breaths.
If hiccups do not go away or come back often, the doctor should examine the child. It is important to exclude serious diseases of the nervous system, diabetes, severe infections (for example, meningitis or subphrenic abscess), intoxication (for example, uremia), helminthiasis.
One of the symptoms of these ailments can be prolonged hiccups.
Baby begin to hiccup still in my mother’s womb. At these moments, crumb makes sudden movements with his whole body, shaking his mother’s insides.
Some women get scared of these sensations and go to the doctor.
And, as it turns out, they are doing the right thing. There are two theories explaining the phenomenon of “prenatal” hiccups.
Some doctors believe that it arises because the baby swallows amniotic fluid, which causes irritation of the diaphragm. Others associate hiccups with hypoxia (oxygen starvation), because with a lack of oxygen there is an excitation of the central nervous system, and therefore the phrenic nerve.
For sedation, you can make additional ultrasound and cardiotocography.